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Sunday, 9 September 2012

Sikku kolam

Sikku kolam is unique to kolam designs of Tamil Nadu.  Sikku means knot.  It is obvious that one can get tied up in knots when one tries this type of kolam.  Actually the designs posted so far are very simple.  They can be more complicated. 
 Who ever discovered or invented this variety of kolam, it is a good exercise for the brain not that other varieties are anything less.  The final design is usually symmetrical when viewed from any direction.  The difference between this type and those with dots is that while in kolam with dots we use up the dots to form a pattern where as in this type it is drawn around the dots. Of course they can be left plain or colours can be added. 
 Some are completed in stages and as a result each stage can have a different colour giving a totally different effect to the kolam. 
 It is possible to draw them with two parallel lines also if we want to make it more difficult for ourselves! Start from the outside and move towards the centre as against from the centre towards the outside in case of free hand kolam. There are can be many methods to draw them, we have to find the easy or if possible the easiest way through experience.
 This can also be combined with a free hand design. Such a simple combination is in rangoli simple freehand designs

It is also called neli kolam or kambi kolam. Some of the simplest sikku kolam designs are given below for reference.

sikku-kolam-1.jpg   In any art, there should be liberty for innovation.  So this post has been updated with the following colourful neli kolam designs.  They are from the kolam designs below but have been drawn with two colours both lines drawn simultaneously.   This method has been uploaded in my YouTube channel and using this method I am updating posts where ever possible with some special kolam designs. Drawing neli kolam with parallel lines is difficult but common.  So to try something different, these two designs.                                                                  


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                                                                         The lines have been drawn with green and yellow colours.   How to pick the colours and how to draw the lines  refer to the video in the Rangolisansdots my YouTube Channel       The two images in black and white (below ) show us how to draw the kolam below. The two images above show the steps with usual white kolam powder. Probably this and some sikku kolam designs are similar to celtic wire designs for jewellery and resemble some patterns the only difference being that these are drawn with kolam powder while they are made with wires.  This us another proof that there are many beautiful art forms in this world and that they have all contributed to the beauty of our world.
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neli-kolam-1.jpgThough the lines appear to be knotted in the image below it may rank among the simplest sikku kolam designs.  First the dot grid it is a simple seven by seven dot template.  Then add the six rhombus like shapes using four dots for each so all them appear interlocked.  The remaining dots can be used to draw a curved snake like continuous pattern and the result the neli kolam below.
                                                     



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For the kolam on the top the dot pattern is 9 in 5 rows and 5 in two rows. While some sikku kolam designs are easy this one can not be considered to be easy and we can go wrong even with practice.  Two images showing stages of the kolam. It is easier to split the kolam into patterns as shown in the images to make drawing such designs simpler.

neli-kolam-2.jpg

For the kolam on the top. The dot pattern is 7 at the centre, two rows of 5 on either side and then 1 on either side. There may be methods simple and difficult to draw these kolams, to start and end the meandering line. The images below show intermediate steps.
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 For the kolam on the top that has another non-standard dot pattern the dot grid is placed as follows, 5, 4 (idukku pulli), 5,3 and 1.  Then 3 and 1 at the top.


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This kolam on the top has a non-standard dot pattern as is the case of many sikku kolam or neli kolam designs.  The idea is get a final image that has some symmetry.  Hence the dot pattern for the kolam on the right  is 6 and 6  with three dots between any two dots of the six dot line.  Then four dots on either side and finally two dots.  One dot is placed between four and two dots. Two images showing the intermediate steps for this sikku kolam have been added
                                                                                                     
 For the kolam on the left that has another non-standard dot pattern the dot grid is placed as follows, 5, 4 (idukku pulli), 5,3 and 1.  Then 3 and 1 at the top.

neli-kolam-4.jpgsikku-kolam-5.jpgIn this type of design and also in many other designs variations are possible.  After all sky is the limit for our imagination.  One such variation of this sikku kolam design is shown below.  Add lotus patterns on all four sides of the kolam and add a few colours, pink in this colours because the pink is usually associated with lotus.  There are quite a few  that have lotus as theme in lotus rangoli designs                                                 
The dot template is 7 at the centre and 5, 7 and 3 on either side for the sikku kolam on the left

It is quite normal to see designs like 3 an 4 shown above drawn at the entrances of houses in Tamil Nadu.  Bigger kolam designs are drawn for festivals and other special occasions

.To appreciate the beauty of a free hand rangoli please go to colourful rangoli designs or Margazhi kolam.  Rangoli with dots are  beautiful in their own way
.  Some are in kolam designs , kolam with six dots.

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