Sikku kolam and celtic knots have a lot of similarity - this deepam kolam inspired by celtic knots - the pattern has been drawn and then the dots have been placed . The pictures below explain the steps.
The lines have been drawn with green and yellow colours. How to pick the colours and how to draw the lines refer to the video in the Rangolisansdots my YouTube Channel The two images in black and white (below ) show us how to draw the kolam below. The two images above show the steps with usual white kolam powder. Probably this and some sikku kolam designs are similar to celtic wire designs for jewellery and resemble some patterns the only difference being that these are drawn with kolam powder while they are made with wires. This us another proof that there are many beautiful art forms in this world and that they have all contributed to the beauty of our world.
This type of sikku kolam is called parangikai or pumpkin kolam because it resembles the shape of a pumpkin.
The rangoli on the top has a simple sikku kolam at the centre of dots pattern 5 to 3 ( shown in the previous kolk ). The kolam has been surrounded by a simple rangoli border with two lines. The gap between the kolam and border has been filled with some spiral motifs. The central design has been filled with brown and pink colours and the inner most design is filled with blue colour. to give a different effect. The border has been filled with blue colours as also the other motifs. The gaps between the spiral patterns is filled with some simple circular designs. Finally the outer border has some simple designs running perpendicular to the lines. Place the dots again in the sikku kolam after the colours are applied.I wrote that rangolis with dots and those without dots have their own appeal and beauty. Hence I have tried to combine both in the rangoli design above. I understand that they are called gantina rangoli in Kannada to indicate knotted rangoli designs.
For the kolam on the top. The dot pattern is 7 at the centre, two rows of 5 on either side and then 1 on either side. There may be methods simple and difficult to draw these kolams, to start and end the meandering line. The images below show intermediate steps.
For the kolam on the top that has another non-standard dot pattern the dot grid is placed as follows, 5, 4 (idukku pulli), 5,3 and 1. Then 3 and 1 at the top.
This kolam on the top has a non-standard dot pattern as is the case of many sikku kolam or neli kolam designs. The idea is get a final image that has some symmetry. Hence the dot pattern for the kolam on the right is 6 and 6 with three dots between any two dots of the six dot line. Then four dots on either side and finally two dots. One dot is placed between four and two dots. Two images showing the intermediate steps for this sikku kolam have been added
The next sikku or chikku kolam uses a 7 by 4 dot grid , idukku pulli with dots placed vertically so that the kolam appears to expand on the sides. The three photos below show the steps to make it easy to draw this beautiful and simple kolam.
Sikku kolam - type kulam kolam
In this type of design and also in many other designs variations are possible. After all sky is the limit for our imagination. One such variation of this sikku kolam design is shown below. Add lotus patterns on all four sides of the kolam and add a few colours, pink in this colours because the pink is usually associated with lotus.
The dot template is 7 at the centre and 5, 7 and 3 on either side for the sikku kolam on the left
It is quite normal to see designs like 3 an 4 shown above drawn at the entrances of houses in Tamil Nadu. Bigger kolam designs are drawn for festivals and other special occasions
Neli kolam or chikku kolam or suzhi kolamIt is a classical Tamil kolam because I think it is practised only in Tamil Nadu. One of the common kolam designs underr the pulli vecha kolam designs of Tamil Nadu.
The next neli kolam is with a 5 by 5 dot grid with one dot at the centre outside the grid on all four sides. The images below show three steps to the final design. The first image shows upto a certain level of the kolam and the second image continuation. Though it is possible to decide how to draw this kolam by concentrating on the path taken by the lines - two images - thumbnails from the video taken for this kolam has been added.
The next neli kolam is also with a 5 by 5 dot grid but instead of four single dots on four sides outside the dot grid in this kolam we have only two more dots one at the top and one at the bottom As usual two photos showing the intermediate steps in this simple kolam that can be drawn as "daily kolam design " at the entrance.
This category or variety of kolam designs are used daily at the entrance. If one watches a lady or girl drawing kolam it can be observed that she carries the kolam powder in a plastic or metallic container after washing the entrance with water, pauses to think , two fingers taking out a pinch of kola powder trying to decide what kolam she would draw for the day. If she is not able to decide among the many designs she knows, she bends to draw a simple design. The one below is one such design that is quite commonly used.
The dot pattern used is 5 by 3 with one dot on either side.
This neli kolam design is also a very simple and straight forward kolam with 5 by 5 dot pattern. This can be drawn independently as a kolam at the entrance or can be a part of a kolam using these patterns at the corners called the kulam kolam ( pond kolam ). Neli kolam are also called suzhi kolam. Suzhi means loop or ring. It may also mean zero. Since neli kolam results in the formation of loops (probably ) it is called so too.
Sikku kolam type borders
small sikku kolam with 4 dots
For the next sikku kolam that looks like a celtic knot - place the dot pattern as shown in the image below.
5 to 3 dots sikku kolam
Sikku kolam and celtic knot designs have a lot of similarities. This deepam kolam or diya rangoli has been drawn inspired by celtic knots, the pattern is drawn and then the dots have been placed. The pictures below show the steps. Probably we can call it celtic knot kolam !
Sikku kolam / Tippudu muggulu with dots pattern 8 to 2
This is common sikku kolam that can be modified to represent birds
sikku kolam or tippudu muggulu - 9 dots to 1
Also popular in Rangolisansdots