Lotus kolam with 15 dots for New Year

   Lotus kolam with dots step by step through images for Sankranti muggulu or Pongal kolam

Place a 15 by 8 dot grid , called idukku pulli or oodu pulli in Tamil , the rough translation is interlaced or in between dots.


Mark the centre - it is the eighth dot of the row with 15 dots.  Around this draw the pattern shown in the picture below

 To the left start drawing the lotus pattern - the steps are shown in the next four images.  I have added many pictures for a clear understanding.  This will be helpful for those who want to try a relatively big kolam for New Year rangoli or Pongal.  The petals are being drawn



 the leaf portion is being drawn

Mark the next lotus as shown in the pic below.  You would have observed that the base of the lotus is on the same row as the edge of the floral design at the centre when viewed from different directions 

 The third pattern in this thamarai kolam rangoli.




 After completion we can connect all the lotuses to the central pattern if we wish

 Add colours , obviously pink is usually preferred for lotus flowers.  I have used two shades of pink


The kolam after completion

This is one of most favourite rangoli designs in our family for big Sankranthi muggulu with chukkalu when they lived in Vijayanagaram ( near Vishakapattinam )

Such designs can form part of Varalakshmi Vratham decoration because lotus flower is associated with Goddess Lakshmi .  We can also draw for Navaratri 

Thursday kolam small chukkala muggulu

The title says that this post will be about very small designs for Thursday, it is a fact that most rangoli designs in Rangolisansdots are simple  and will be simple.  However , there may be persons who would like to draw bigger designs even for their daily kolam or challenging designs as a hobby.  For them too there are quite a few designs that are challenging.  This post I will restrict to smaller patterns to justify the title.


This rangoli uses a non standard dot grid , 2,5,6,5,6,5,2 .  After placing the dot grid draw the central star design and the remaining patterns using the remaining dots.  Drawing some lines inside as shown in the picture and shading the star pattern will make even such a small design very attractive.


This is a kolam with 5 to 3 dot grid.   Invariably what ever I create at the entrance of my house , most of the times the designs are thought of as I bend down to draw the kolam be it free hand or with dots.

Since most of my designs are small and simple almost all can be drawn free hand or with a dot pattern.  This kolam below can be drawn free hand also ,   I have chosen a 5 to 3 dot grid .

  Draw the inner and outer hexagons the outer hexagon covering the outer most dots in the dot grid.  Connect the edges , six are there of both the hexagon designs with designs as shown in the image.

 All  the sides  of the other hexagon are decorated with spirals and dots or bullets to complete  the rangoli. This can be drawn in less  than two minutes.  It is such an easy design.  Please try these designs here  and give your feedback.

The next rangoli below is a common design with 5 to 3 dot patterns  .  After drawing the birds connect all of them with flower pattern at the centre to give a merry go round effect.


We can draw any kolam , dotted variety or free hand on Thursday ( Guru varam or Vyazhakizhami )
if we happen to celebrate a festival on Thursday , we can draw a padi kolam with a kaavi border.  One such padi kolam , simple pattern is shown in the image below.   I invariably use 4 or 5 lines for my padi kolam though some feel it should be four or six.

 This tradition of using 4 or 5 lines has been there in our family for decades , from my grand mother's time so I am following it.  In fact my sister insists that we should  invariably use 5 lines.  However we do not use any other odd number  other than five.  What are your thoughts on this tradition.  Please  tell me.

The rangoli after the padi kolam is a 9 to  5 dot kolam and can be drawn on a Thursday at the entrance of our homes. It is a deceptive design , I should confess,  at first sight it looks very easy but after extending the arms from the centre of the dot grid ,  drawing the rhombus patterns has to be done with some care.   If we draw them casually ,  we may make some mistakes  resulting in the rhombus designs clashing  with one another or touching the central  extending arms.



The next rangoli can be drawn free hand or with a dot pattern.  If you are more comfortable with the dotted variety of kolam you can use a 7 to 4 dot grid.  Seven to four dot pattern is one of the most popular dot grid along with 9 to 5 and 5 to 3 in the idukku pulli or oodu pulli ( oodu means in between in Tamil )

After connecting the dots with lines as shown in the image we can use the remaining dots with patterns that come according to our imagination.  I can assure you that the more we practice , the more designs ( simple and small of course ) that will flow from our hands through the rangoli powder.


Another Thursday and one more rangoli with dots also known as chukkala muggulu in Telugu ( my mother lived in Vizianagaram for a long time and later moved to Salem , so there will be Telugu influence in our house ! Thursday is Guruvaram and kolam is muggulu for some of our relatives ! )  This kolam was created by me using a 7 to 4 dot pattern and the designs are of course birds , those who follow this blog will know that I use a lot of birds in my kolam.


A 7 by 4 dot kolam with leaves patterns for a Thursday muggu drawn at the entrance.  After drawing the leaves patterns that are attached to the stalk , we have dots between the lines.  I have connected them with curved lines probably to represent tendrils of a creeper.  The leaves represent the leaves and tendrils of a creeper.  Quite a simple method of drawing plants isn't it !


The next two muggulu are drawn using a 9 to 1 dot pattern , the centre design is almost the same.  One undergoes metamorphosis and gets converted into a butterfly (!) and the other gets changed into peacock patterns.  Drawing these muggulu is really a pleasure as the dots get connected to form the design of our imagination.  We can also try these designs for festivals like Navratri , Akshaya Tritiya and New Year .


If you may want to know how this peacock ( mayil ) and butterfly ( pattampoochi as we say in Tamil ) kolam are drawn with 9 dots , this video below gives an idea for both the designs i.e the steps for both kolam are available in this video


This is a five by five dot muggu with an extra dot on all four sides.  Quite easy and simple patterns aren't they.


This muggu uses a 5 by 5 dot grid with 1 extra dot on all four sides.  The result lots of lotus patterns as we can see.  A small design that can be drawn in very little time and so suitable for a daily muggu.


Traditional Tamil New Year kolam designs

A step by step guide for drawing a traditional kolam designs through pictures








The step by step procedure through the images above should make it simple.  Instead of a square base , we start with a hexagon so it may not be a classical padi kolam if we strictly go by definitions.

After drawing a hexagon draw lines to make four lines on each side of the hexagon.  The next step is to connect any two sides of the hexagon, i.e all the four lines to the next set of four lines in the next side with obviously four lines .  Repeat this step on all six sides.  Now the rest is easy, after probably what may be a difficult part in an other wise simple kolam design.  Draw four curved lines in the gaps between any two sets of lines to get the next layer .

 It appears as if the lines are locked with one another .  Now we can draw one more set of curved patterns in the gaps.  The remaining gaps are filled lotus patterns so that they align with the corners of the hexagon.  Apply a kaavi border for the kolam and it is ready for festival decoration for Tamil New Year.  Such traditional rangoli designs can also be drawn for Navratri, Varalakshmi Pooja

Step by step lines kolam rangoli through images

This kolam can be drawn free hand too , to make it easy for drawing and practising I have placed a dot grid that is something like a basic star grid with 1,4,3,4,1 dots.


The patterns are drawn using this dot grid at the centre


Draw sets of lines inside the contours matching the outer pattern


It is good practice to fill the central gap with pattern matching the outside design.  This gives a good appearance for the kolam


Now the next layer of lines designs


The other designs and decorations are as per our imagination.  However , another set of rhombus designs will match with the centre.


Finally one more layer of lines , after all it is a lines kolam design , so we should favour line patterns rather heavily

Small decorations inside the rhombus

The kolam is complete and ready for festival decoration .

To make it different and unique we can fill some colourful lines in the gaps or we can draw the entire kolam with colourful lines or we can use only brown or kaavi colour inside the kolam as also outside.

While we can have free hand designs or designs with dots for festival decoration of our homes and there are many in Rangolisansdots belonging to those categories ,  this post will delve upon only the old kolam designs that are popular and beautiful in their own way.   They can actually be challenging too , occasionally.   It is still early days in Rangolisansdots and so dots rangoli designs can wait , we can have exclusive posts based on number of dots , themes like birds , flowers and so on.

My Friday vaasal kolam

My kolam at entrance ( vaasal ) on Fridays

 Some of the kolam I draw on Friday are shared below with some description of the steps involved
Most of the rangoli here are with two colors white and red ochre or kaavi border , the old style of rangoli designs in kolam art

Drawing a sikku kolam on Friday at the entrance should be avoided according to my mother and I invariably follow it.  I draw small free hand double line or single line kolam with a kaavi border for Friday.  This kolam design as with many free hand kolam designs is thought of after we bend down to draw the kolam.  The common star shaped double line kolam is drawn for the centre so that there is no starting problem the rest of the patterns have been drawn as shown and the deepam or lamp patterns just fitted in the gaps so beautifully incidentally.  

This kolam was drawn as a Friday too.  This kolam is a combination of commonly used patterns / motifsin many of my kolams .  The central floral design, the lotus pattern, the heart shaped motif and spiral patterns on the periphery.   The lines that radiate outside all together appear as a sun like design has been drawn particularly the designs on the border of the kolam appear as if they are the rays of the sun to me.  If it is true it is only incidental and not intentional !



     Yet another kolam for Friday , a free hand design drawn using four lotus patterns on four sides of a design formed using spiral patterns.  The kolam is further decorated with usual simple patterns as shown. Below, another kolam on drawn on a Friday.

       Now , placing the dots around curlicues or curved lines is not my idea, like many other women, I learnt from my mother and so I tend to imitate or emulate her ! The kolam itself is a simple free hand kolam drawn on a Friday.  Instead of decorating the entire kolam with kaavi powder, I have decorated or filled portions of the kolam with kaavi so the white kolam is dominant with kaavi in the background.  I think it looks different doesn't it.

The  rangoli in the image below  is a free hand rangoli drawn with parallel lines, start with the three intersecting parallel lines ( an oxymoron says my son !)  and evolve the rangoli design from there drawing floral petals and complete the design by connecting all the petals. The patterns drawn inside the rangoli are optional however they will make the design more attractive.  A kaavi (a red coloured sand powder ) border is usually drawn on Fridays.

     The kolam below is also with parallel lines ( every practitioner of kolam has her own strengths and weaknesses - your weakness may be your strength or vice versa ! ).  My weakness ( or strength ) is two line or parallel line kolam particularly when I draw at the entrance as vasaal padi kolam.  So far as double line kolam is concerned while I prefer to have two separate lines to the extent possible , we can also draw two thick lines so that they touch each other, both are beautiful in their own way.

     In the kolam below after drawing the central design with parallel lines I have completed the kolam with random radial lines  with spiral patterns sprinkled inside and outside.  Of course decorated with geru or kaavi powder because it is for Friday or Vellikizhamai. When we compare the kolam below with the one above we can observe the spiral patterns are from the central design in the kolam the spiral patterns are 'hanging from the top '..

The central design with double stroke is what I use quite often as it is obvious from the previous kolam design and the one before that.  The central design is surrounded by a number of curved lines as shown in the image below.  Of course the outermost border is with kaavi 

The two kolam below a deviation from the usual Friday kolam I draw with a kaavi or red ochre boder.  The reason they were drawn for Bharani and Karthigai Deepam and Karthigai Deepam was on a Friday.  So two double line kolam with some colours added to the basic design.


While it a tradition to draw a kaavi border around the kolam designs on Fridays (kaavi also called chemman in Tamil ) The first few posts were devoted to simple plain rangolis with parallel lines and  show how a free hand rangoli evolves.  Drawing designs with parallel lines is quite easy and takes very little time once we get used to drawing them.  Of course everything in art comes with practice.  So also in the case of rangoli.  Since I would like share information I know about rangoli   The  designs are chosen at random (in the mind, of course) 
   The rangoli, is  a near circular design.  The  central design starts from a swastik or in fact two.  There is a slight difference in extension of arms between the second rangoli and this one because in this one I have extended the arms further with a curved line (or lines ) this make the rangoli more beautiful.  Two pairs of parallel line borders both with kaavi borders complete this simple design.

  The next rangoli is shown in the image below.  Swastik patterns with two parallel lines are drawn to get two swastik patterns one superimposed on the other. This is achieved by first drawing three intersecting lines that are extended.  The other decorations inside can be left to our imagination.  Finally the entire rangoli is covered with a curved line design to match the inner patterns.

White rangoli designs for Navratri and other festivals

     Rangoli that is drawn on a daily basis goes under different name colloquially, some of them are house rangoli, house kolam, door rangoli and daily rangoli.  Hence separate posts have been allotted for them.  The theme or the idea is the same but for the sake of convenience of the users and me this has been done.  Here I will try to post a few house rangoli designs for Navratri that can be drawn for nine days of the festival.  ( In Tamil Nadu it is celebrated for nine days  (or nights ) )

      The house rangoli in the image above resembles a padi kolam that is drawn for auspicious occasions particularly the square portion with lines.  Four simple lotus patterns have been added.  The gaps between the lotuses have been filled with the patterns as shown.  The rangoli is decorated with borders of rangoli powder and kaavi powder.

Daily rangoli goes under many other names like door rangoli, everyday rangoli or door kolam.  As I have stated elsewhere there is a tradition in some states of India of drawing rangoli designs at the entrance daily.  Some draw rangoli both in the morning and evening.  It is a nice and beautiful tradition and hence some of the rangoli designs that can be drawn at the entrance, daily.

One more vaasal kolam for Friday this one with parallel lines resulting in the double line pattern shown.  The kolam being decorated with florets like patterns.  These resemble the florets of a cauliflower or broccoli according to my sister-in-law.  After all, we borrow heavily from nature for kolam designs.  It is the most abundant and freely available source for designs and patterns and there is no chance of a copy right violation too ! 

     While two line kolam are relatively difficult when compared with a single line kolam, two line kolam with two different colours are more difficult and most difficult when you draw more intricate patterns with this concept.  

     The picking up of two different colours so that the colours inside and outside or on the left and right match throughout the kolam is an activity for the brain - a brain gym really.  Some examples and demonstrations of this variety are there in Rangolisansdots. However, the kolam below can rank among the simplest of free hand kolam designs drawn on a Friday with kaavi border.  A simple floral petal design inside and outside.

The next kolam drawn on a Friday is also similar to the previous one the central design is slightly different but the two layers of outer borders are the same along the contours of the petals.  In the space between the borders I have drawn a different type of pattern.  Finally decoration with kaavi powder inside and outside.  
Another Friday, another free hand kolam, this is similar to the one I have drawn elsewhere.  The inverted triangles with double lines are among my favourite patterns at the centre and also easy to start the kolam - there is no starting trouble if we start with common and favourite patterns.  The remaining designs fell in place - a kaavi border for the kizhamai - velli kizhamai.
The next Friday one more double line kolam, this time my mother's favourite design.  She used to draw this many a time on Friday.


Aadi is an auspicious month in Tamil Nadu for kolam.  We have Aadi velli and Aadi chevvai or sevvai kolam .  It is preferable to draw a padi kolam with kaavi border for the theme Aadi vellikizhami kolam or Aadi sevvai kolam.  I have shared one such padi kolam I drew of an Aadi Friday.


The next kolam drawn on Aadi Friday I have shared through the photo below.   Instead of a kaavi border I have used red kola podi.  This double like kolam for Aadi is one of my favourite designs and I have shared it under the heading double line or parallel line kolam.

Another Friday one more kolam with kaavi border - a basic and simple kolam decorated with leaf like designs.



     The next kolam - based on a common design at the centre ( partiularly in Rangolisansdots ) drawn on a Friday at the vasal.  Kaavi is added to the rangoli either as a border or inside the rangoli as shown in some of the previous designs.

     I am of the opinion that a kaavi kolam is as beautiful as a very big kolam with a lot of colours or in other words a rangoli .  So even for important festivals like Navratri I draw a kolam with kaavi border.  This kolam I drew on Navratri Friday 2016.  This kolam can be drawn free hand or with a dot pattern using 5 by 3 or 7 by 4 .  As usual some borders on the entrance ( dwara muggulu or gadapa muggulu as my mother used to call them  ) 


             This is a popular kolam video on Facebook and YouTube where I have drawn the lines continuously instead of drawing them in two stages as I have done in this kolam.   I prefer such simple lines kolam even for festivals like Varalakshmi Vratham , Navarathri or Dasara.