Stringing roses Indian method
.The art of stringing flowers using different methods is followed in different countries. Obviously, I would like to add the method that I am familiar with - the ones followed in Tamil Nadu, India. Stringing of flowers was in the past done in the family, in the house
Later this art became rare, particularly in cities. Even until a few years back, flowers were strung with vaazhai naaru (banana fibre ) and flower vendor used to pack the flowers purchased in a leaf. So very eco-friendly. Also, the flowers remain fresh for a few hours ( quite an easy and simple method of storing flowers when refrigerators were rare )
The standard method of stringing flowers like jasmine is similar to that of the rose. Flowers like jasmine are not easy to be tied into a garland like the rose below. Rose is one of the most beautiful and fragrant flowers but is also difficult to string because of the delicate nature of petals and its size.
Once one gets comfortable with other flowers stringing of roses can be tried. So first one should try stringing flowers that have a long stalk. Then we can try flowers like jasmine. Some learn it tying leaves with a string.
If still there are doubts we can watch the video below . This is the method used to string most flowers
Traditional Indian flower garland
Indian floral decoration ideasThis is a flower braid made from thazampoo (fragrant screw pine). The flower petals are cut to get the required design. I will upload a video for this also in the future. The top portion is shown in the image on the left. The bottom one shows a close view of the decoration.
Two petals are kept one above the other and using a pair of scissors, are cut to get shapes like parallelograms. Both the pieces are removed kept on either side of the braid and stitched on it. This procedure is followed using many pairs of petals to get the interlocked design in the third image below. The stictched area is then covered with flowers or kundan designs. Finally the top is decorated with flowers and kundan designs or rakhodi surrounded with flowers.
The flower garland on the right is one that I string for Varalakshmi pooja. It is called kadambam in Tamil that roughly translated means combination. In the image below a combination of flowers has been used.
The next garland is made from oleander flowers, yellow in colour in this case. These flowers are found in white, yellow, pink and red colours, normally. These small flowers when tied closely form a beautiful garland. This garland has been formed by following the usual method of stringing flowers. Stringing a garland for flowers like marigold, roses is done with a different method.
The image on the left is a poo jadai or flower decoration for braid. A simple version is shown above for decoration of Lakshmi for Varalakshmi Vratha Pooja. Jasmine flowers are strung into rings of various sizes. The same is done using another beautiful flower like kanakambaram ( or Firecracker flower). Jasmine flowers are first tied to a cardboard using a needle and string so that the flower ring with a biggest diameter is at the top and the one with smallest diameter is at the bottom. Then place the kanakambaram rings and tie them as shown. Finally the third flower used can be a rose or an aromatic herb like dhavanam or marikozhundu. This makes the jadai beautiful and fragrant. .
How to make this simple poo jadai for festivals ( or weddings ). These poo jadai alankaram can be used for seemantham jadai alankaram. A weightless alankaram for valaikappu. There is a video in my YouTube Channel Rangolisansdots
The next image below is another method of arranging the flowers for the poo jadai. In this kanakambaram is at the bottom. This image could also be an inspiration for a free hand rangoli design. After all we borrow from nature a lot when it comes to art
The floral decoration on the left is a poo chendu using kanakambaram flowers. String the flowers following this method - take three flowers at a time and string all of them on one side i.e the stalk side. Then cut them so that we have many bunches with three flowers in each bunch. Using a needle and thread the stalks of each bunch are sewed to get the floral arrangement in the photo below.
Talking of rangoli , this video shows the three popular kolam that are drawn in the Puja room
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How to make - round flower arrangement
As shown in the third image the floral bouquet is made into a circle , the string at the loose end is cut using a pair of scissors, and the two ends of the string are tied into a knot as shown in the fifth image.
Due to the presence of a long stalk these flowers can be tied or strung one side also. Take two flowers at a time (instead of placing the stalks at 180 degrees to each other place them such that petals of both flowers are on the same side. Following the usual method of stringing ( taking the string around both flowers simultaneously and tying them together following the method described in stringing roses and jasmine). However the image below will also give an idea.
Unlike the first type above where the flowers have been cut to maintain some symmetry, in this case the flowers are left making the 'garland" naturally beautiful. This flower is used in making long garlands for deities. While the image above shows a garland with champangi flowers strung on either side the photo below shows how I have strung them on one side. The result a mala like garland that can adorn photos of deities. When we string them on either side we can pack them quite closely whereas when tied on one side it appears a somewhat loosely tied garland, beautiful in its own way. Sampangi flowers in a flower pot that I take care of (!) before they were plucked to make the garland is shown in the photo below.
The image belows show how the flowers usually held to tie them with a string. There is a video showing all the steps ( and that are not many ) for tying them into a garland.
This is a traditional method of tying flowers. If we find it difficult to master there is an easier method of making a garland
Easy garland - floral decoration method
This method popular in Tamil Nadu is also used for making what is called poo chendu in Tamil. Unlike the stringing of flowers where we use a string and fingers to string flowers taking two at a time,, through this method we can get a thick, dense garland of flowers.
Though the resultant garland is more beautiful that the usual method of stringing due to the flowers being closely packed, it is actually easier to do. It is suitable for jasmine ( malli ). There are many more methods for making beautiful floral arrangements.
Use a needle and string as shown in the images. Take the first flower and insert in the needle so that it is horizontal.. Insert the next flower so that it faces the opposite side ( i.e 180 degrees to the first floor ). The third flower is inserted at right angles to the first two flowers. The fourth flower is inserted between the first and third flowers so that it bisects (!) the lines on which they lie.. The angle is roughly 45 degrees. Similarly, the fifth flower is inserted in the needle so that it lies on a line between the second and third flower. Push all the flowers together so that they are closely packed. Now turn the five-flower bunch 180 degrees by rotating the needle. Repeat the process - first flower horizontal, second flower is 180 degrees away from the first and so on. Each cycle has five flowers. Push the flowers closely so that you get a dense floral arrangement ( this is called poo chendu ).
The first flower is inserted as shown in the image on the left
The second jasmine flower is inserted using the stalk 180 degrees away from the first flower as shown on the right
The third flower is inserted at right angles to the first two flowers
After forming a five-flower bouquet rotate the arrangement by 180 degree and continue.
The final result is the floral arrangement shown below. It is used as a bridal decoration for the plaits and also for normal wear on the hair.
It can also be formed into a garland as shown. I have shown a small garland. We can make large garlands for deities or for weddings. We can also use different colours so that we get a colourful garland. Only considerations are the stalk and length of flowers chosen. We can get a very colourful and beautiful garland when we use flowers of various colours but jasmine garland is quite beautiful in its own way.
Sampangi garland - a different idea for Varalakshmi Vratham / Varamahalakshmi Pooja
In this method instead of tying the flowers separately, the first flower is tied , when tying the second flower the knot is inserted on both the first and second flowers so that both are tied together. Similarly, the second and third flowers are tied together, the third and fourth flowers are tied and so on. The result is that the knot shows a pleat like formation as shown in the close up image below. The tying of the knot is by following the traditional method of tying flowers.
Another mala or string with sampangi flowers with pink (woollen ) - artificial wool that is - I tried for decorating photos of Gods and Goddesses.
The next floral decoration is a combination of lotus petals and sampangi.as we say in Tamil. Since lotus petals are very delicate we cannot make a garland with them. So take two white samangi or sunganda roja as some call it in Tamil Nadu and place two lotus petals on top and tie them together. The result the garland in the image below for Varalakshmi Vratham
What is important to us is the fragrance. Most important the fragrance even after it has dried. It is used as it is or strung with other flowers in a kadambam. (malli, kanakambaram and kadhir pachai giving fragrance along with a red, white and green colour combination ) Mehandi flowers ( marudhani poo in Tamil ) is also used instead of kadhir pachai in this combination .
Of these one of the methods of floral decoration is the arrangement of flowers in the form of a garland. Here we can have a single flower or a combination of flowers (some standard combinations have been there for quite a long time, I guess ). For example floral garlands can be with roses, jasmine, saamandhi as it is called in Tamil to name a few.
What I have tried here is a combination of (nerium ) oleander flowers. I have used in the order white, dark pink, yellow and pink oleander flowers and strung them to form a beautiful garland. It just to try something new. However, the actual garland is more beautiful to look at that what we see in a photo. This is one variety of floral decoration. There can be many combinations that are there and that can be done.
This called December poo (Decemeber flower in Tamil ) because it found during this season. It comes in many colours white violet, pink and a combination of violet with white streaks are common. I understand that it is called Philippine violet in English.
Flowers are a main source of inspiration for many rangoli designs both for drawing and colouring. Take for example the oleander - it is many colours white, yellow, pink and dark pink to name a few. So also chrysanthemum exists in white and yellow also!. Floral decoration, stringing of flowers is an important craft. There are numerous methods of floral decorations.
The two images below - white chrysanthemum and dark pink oleander (aralli in Tamil ) strung with a string - following the Indian method. Flowers can be tied very closely as shown or they can be strung with a little distance between a pair or a set of flowers. Stringing of oleander should be done before the flower blooms fully, it is easier then.
Otherwise the petals will bend backwards and we may find it difficult to tie them. To know more floral decoration ideas and to see how flowers are tied with a string go to my YouTube Channel Rangolisansdots
Of course we can also experiment to find a new and beautiful combination with wide variety of flowers nature has provided us. Some flowers have a lot of fragrance, some are not. So we have to choose at least one flower that smells sweet. Such a combination of flowers is called kadambam in Tamil.
Following the usual stringing method the ends have been tied to get a ring like formation. he following pictures show some of the ideas that can be done using rings formed by oleander. The first one is a combination of pink and yellow with roses at the centre. The second one is a combination of pink and white.
There are many more methods of floral decoration ideas that are there in public domain or that can be invented. I will add them as and when I try them.
Gardening gives us an opportunity to move closer to nature. It gives one a lot of happiness when he / she sees the flowers bloom. I have rose, oleander, tube rose and what we call nandyavattai flower plants and of course Tulsi plants in flower pots. I use them for performing puja and also for decorations inside the house in a bowl along with some flowers purchased from the flower vendor.
White the tube rose decorations have been shared elsewhere in Rangolisansdots. Here are two flowers - below one is the nandya vattai that is used in Puja for Goddess.
Two more flowering plants from my 'garden. The orange flower I understand is from the lily family. A rare photo that shows a family of flower one fully bloomed, one that is blooming and at the bottom a bud.
The next flower is the popular sampangi as it is called in Tamil ( rajini gandha in Hindi ). A cluster of sampangi buds ready to bloom
The following link to various Pooja and festival posts
Floral arrangement for decoration
Arrangement of flowers in a bowl is a practice that is followed in many homes. It is also used for decorating the kolu (arrangement or display of dolls ) for Navratri or Dussehra. So some possible floral arrangements that can be used and that I use. What makes it special to me is that invariably I use flowers from the plants that I grow. Watering the plants, see the flowers bloom, use them for floral arrangement, floral decoration for Puja gives a satisfying feeling in our mind. This is one good hobby that is very relaxing. The first one has pink oleander flowers surrounding a type of rose at the centre. Four jasmine flowers adorn the four corners. This is one source of inspiration we get for our rangoli designs. We can copy from nature without fear, there is no violation of any copyrights !
The second flower arrangement again has a flower belonging to rose family ( so the person who sold it told me ). It is surrounded by two different types of jasmine flowers (nithya malli - it blooms in the evening and gundu malli in Tamil )
The next two, floral arrangements use pink roses, marigold and champangi (Rajanigandha) flowers and some pink oleander flowers. The pink rose and champangi are among the most fragrant. At the local flower vendor (who has many varieties of flowers) from whom I buy , bees and other insects hover on these two flowers and give less importance to other flowers (!) - probably some are hybrid varieties. You cannot fool nature.
The pink rose (called paneer roja in Tamil ) is probably one of the most fragrant flowers along with the jasmine and champangi. Displaying it in a floral arrangement enhances the beauty of surroundings (apart from the fact that it used for garlands ). Shall I call it the king of roses ( or is it the queen of roses )