Sankranti lines muggulu ratham muggulu

Sankranti or Pongal is the festival when we have lot of colourful rangoli designs adorning every house in the street it marks

the end of month long kolam or muggulu celebrations with beautiful and colourful designs being drawn daily during Dhanur masam

which invariably falls between December 15 and January 15. 

 This month ends on Bhogi the last day of Dhanur masam and Pongal or Sankranti marks the beginning of spring season , a new month , new hopes . 

 Farmers are happy particularly when the harvest is good and they celebrate this happy occasion praying to the Sun God. 

 Like many other festivals in India rangoli muggulu ( also in  Telugu ) is an important part of festival celebration.

 The rangoli drawn  are mostly rangoli with dots filled with bright colours and some draw free hand rangoli also. 

 There is a school of thought that feels that festival celebration should be with geethala muggulu only as they are drawn for auspicious occasions and obviously all festivals are auspicious events.  

They draw only rangoli with lines and decorate with a kaavi border to highlight that it is drawn for a festival or function.  For them this post will have only lines muggulu or padi kolam as we say in Tamil.

There are hundreds of designs with dots and rangoli without dots in Rangolisansdots for those who would want those type of rangoli designs only. 

Ratham or chariot rangoli is drawn exclusively for Sankranti .  So a few of them will also feature here.

Ratham muggu for Sankranti or chariot rangoli   the steps through images are given below

Ratham muggulu are drawn for Sankranti and Rathasapthami ( a festival celebrated in some parts of India ).This is a simple ratham muggu that can be drawn with the dot grid as shown. 

 The pattern is obtained by drawing intersecting elliptical shapes as shown.
The dot grid is as shown in the first image
                                                           Next image in this ratham muggulu easy
Draw the wheel for the ratham muggulu simple 

                                                     ratham muggulu chukkalu type 

                                    Beautiful ratham rangoli is ready for display, decorate with kaavi.

One more simple ratham muggu with lines




One more padi kolam or geethala muggu aka rangoli designs with lines for  Makara Sankranti or Pongal festival decoration of our homes.  This is some  what different .  The initial square pattern should be some what big because many parallel lines run inside the square as is evident from the image.  After drawing these sets of lines on the four sides and connecting them with curved lines a few more simple patterns are added and the simple lines rangoli for Sankranthi is completed.
Festival - Ratha Sapthami Apart from Sankranti the other festival where we draw ratham  kolam or chariot kolam is Rathasapthami. In the picture a beautiful ratham rangoli with colours drawn using a simple technique.


This festival is celebrated after Pongal or Sankranti  on the seventh day (hence Sapthami ) in the bright phase of the moon.  A free hand rangoli of a chariot with a single wheel representing the Sun is drawn on the floor or on a wooden plank usually with kaavi (red ochre ) paste.  The chariot has a single wheel  with a pennant or (dwaja ) at the top.  A pictorial representation of the Sun is drawn inside the chariot.  This probably signifies the beginning of the harvest season.  Offerings include include Sakkara Pongal . Actually it was prepared by boiling milk on a a stove lit with dried cow dung cakes. The ingredients for Pongal are added after the milk boils.  The stove is placed in the sun facing east. Presently this may be practically difficult in some places.. The rangoli or kolam is one of the types or patterns usually with a repetitive motif I have used in many rangoli designs to get the chariot design for Ratha Sapthami.  It is customary to draw only a single wheel for the chariot.  A toran of mango leaves on the top, rangoli patterns representing banana plants are drawn with green colour. (Both these are considered auspicious and are invariably used in festivals and functions like weddings ).  A pictorial representation of the sun is drawn at the centre of the chariot.  A dwaja (flag or pennant ) is added to the top. Another important festival celebrating spring that is popular in northern parts of India is Basant Panchami.





Pongal or Sankranthi geethala muggu | rangoli with lines | old traditional rangoli
The next traditional muggu in this series for festival decoration with muggulu.  Tradition has it that these lines muggulu are drawn with 2 lines or 4 or 5 usually.  I have chosen two for the central  square with the second square inside forming the second  line.  Draw four sets of curved lines on four sides of the square.  Connect them inside the square with curved lines.  The result it appears as if a continuous curved line goes in and out of the square.  We have four such lines.  The inside is decorated with a square and some patterns according to our imagination.  Those who practice free hand muggulu regularly will accept that our imagination does run wild !.




After forming the basic padi kolam or geethala muggu we decorate as shown in the image below.  We can stop at this step or continue further to get free hand birds designs.  The result is quite different and a beautiful birds and geethala muggu combination.  Definitely will enhance the ambiance of an already festive atmosphere for Sankranthi festival.  For my mother Sankranthi was Peddha Pandaga or big festival.  So a big festival calls for a great decorations.  This muggu can be one of them.



There is a big demand for padi kolam in my YouTube channel  that I have to think of different kinds of designs.  Padi kolam is the favourite of many ladies who prefer to draw it invariably daily or for Fridays at least.  So you will find lots of padi kolam in Rangolisansdots ( blog and video channel ).  The next kolam is also based on the geethala muggulu or padi kolam theme .   The thinner the lines in these lines muggulu designs the more beautiful they are to see.   



Innovative ratham rangoli | Chariot rangoli | Quick n easy 

The step by step images below show us how we can create the ratham pattern easily using tools available at home.  I have used a wall hook to create the design.  I hope it will be useful for those who may need such techniques
 It is easy and beautiful while the chariot is drawn with wall hook , the Sun, pennant ( or flag ) thoran are drawn free hand.  The wheel can be drawn using a circular object of suitable diameter to draw the outline.  Traditionally a single wheel is drawn to indicate that the sun moves slowly.




Geethala muggulu for Sankranti | Padi kolam for Dhanurmasam

This is one of the most basic rangoli with lines.  The final image may confuse us but it is actually a very easy muggu to draw.  As usual draw a square pattern with 4 lines as shown in the first image.  It is our family tradition to draw these traditional rangoli with lines with 2,4, or 5 lines.   I think six lines are too many.  Of course if time and space permits we can draw six also.
Next on four sides draw four lines of decreasing lengths as shown.  Now connect the outer edge of the left side to the right of the bottom  most line.  This procedure is repeated till we get the pattern shown  in the second image.
Next repeat the steps from the right side to the left side as shown in the image below.

Continue the steps till we get the image shown below.

Next draw two oval shaped patterns on all four sides just for decoration

Now the decoration with dots and  lamps starts

The rangoli muggu after completion will be a beautiful and simple design as shown.  Decorate with kaavi border for Sankranti or Pongal
Some very simple githala muggulu for Pongal or Sankranti festival, as also for other important festivals like Navratri , Diwali and Varalakshmi Vratha .  We can also try some of these designs for Dhanurmasam muggu

You can try these  designs for ther kolam for Pongal , chariot kolam designs, ratha saptami ratham rangoli.

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9 dots or pulli kolangal