Sankranti lines muggulu ratham muggulu

Geethala muggulu for Sankranti | Padi kolam

This is one of the most basic rangoli with lines.  The final image may confuse us but it is actually a very easy muggu to draw.  As usual draw a square pattern with 4 lines as shown in the first image.  It is our family tradition to draw these traditional rangoli with lines with 2,4, or 5 lines.   I think six lines are too many.  Of course if time and space permits we can draw six also.
Next on four sides draw four lines of decreasing lengths as shown.  Now connect the outer edge of the left side to the right of the bottom  most line.  This procedure is repeated till we get the pattern shown  in the second image.


Next repeat the steps from the right side to the left side as shown in the image below.
Continue the steps till we get the image shown below.
Next draw two oval shaped patterns on all four sides just for decoration
Now the decoration with dots and  lamps starts
The rangoli muggu after completion will be a beautiful and simple design as shown.  Decorate with kaavi border for Sankranti or Pongal

Ratham muggu for Sankranti or chariot rangoli

  The steps through images are given below

Ratham muggulu are drawn for Sankranti and Rathasapthami ( a festival celebrated in some parts of India ).
This is a simple ratham muggu that can be drawn with the dot grid as shown.  The pattern is obtained by drawing intersecting elliptical shapes as shown.

The dot grid is as shown in the first image





One more padi kolam or geethala muggu aka rangoli designs with lines for  Makara Sankranti or Pongal festival decoration of our homes.  This is some  what different .  The initial square pattern should be some what big because many parallel lines run inside the square as is evident from the image.  After drawing these sets of lines on the four sides and connecting them with curved lines a few more simple patterns are added and the simple lines rangoli for Sankranthi is completed.





Pongal or Sankranthi geethala muggu | rangoli with lines | old traditional rangoli

The next traditional muggu in this series for festival decoration with muggulu.  Tradition has it that these lines muggulu are drawn with 2 lines or 4 or 5 usually.  I have chosen two for the central  square with the second square inside forming the second  line.  Draw four sets of curved lines on four sides of the square.  Connect them inside the square with curved lines.  The result it appears as if a continuous curved line goes in and out of the square.  We have four such lines.  The inside is decorated with a square and some patterns according to our imagination.  Those who practice free hand muggulu regularly will accept that our imagination does run wild !.




After forming the basic padi kolam or geethala muggu we decorate as shown in the image below.  We can stop at this step or continue further to get free hand birds designs.  The result is quite different and a beautiful birds and geethala muggu combination.  Definitely will enhance the ambiance of an already festive atmosphere for Sankranthi festival.  For my mother Sankranthi was Peddha Pandaga or big festival.  So a big festival calls for a great decorations.  This muggu can be one of them.



Sankranti or Pongal is the festival when we have lot of colourful rangoli designs adorning every house in the street it marks the end of month long kolam or muggulu celebrations with beautiful and colourful designs being drawn daily during Dhanur masam which invariably falls between December 15 and January 15.  This month ends on Bhogi the last day of Dhanur masam and Pongal or Sankranti marks the beginning of spring season , a new month , new hopes .  Farmers are happy particularly when the harvest is good and they celebrate this happy occasion praying to the Sun God.  Like many other festivals in India rangoli muggulu ( also in  Telugu ) is an important part of festival celebration. The rangoli drawn  are mostly rangoli with dots filled with bright colours and some draw free hand rangoli also.  There is a school of thought that feels that festival celebration should be with geethala muggulu only as they are drawn for auspicious occasions and obviously all festivals are auspicious events.  They draw only rangoli with lines and decorate with a kaavi border to highlight that it is drawn for a festival or function.  For them this post will have only lines muggulu or padi kolam as we say in Tamil.  There are hundreds of designs with dots and rangoli without dots in Rangolisansdots for those who would want those type of rangoli designs only.

Ratham or chariot rangoli is drawn exclusively for Sankranti .  So a few of them will also feature heare.


  1. Rangoli 195 is looking like a colourful carpet. Very nice combination.

    1. Manju, actually it was a different design. I changed it to get no.195

  2. hai sudha diwali kolams are wonderful excelent colour combination .rangolis r very creative good job .

  3. Thank you lakshmi. Thank you very much for your encouraging comment. Keep visiting my blog.