Simple rangoli designs 5 dots - easy kolam designs

rangoli designs - 5 dots
This post may have answers to the following questions

How to draw a simple rangoli with dots (simple chukkala muggulu for daily use for festivals like Ugadi ) 

 How to make a simple dot rangoli design with dots step by step

drawing a simple birds rangoli pattern with  5 dots and to draw a simple flower rangoli with 5 dots
This post may also have information on the basics of rangoli or kolam with dots i.e simple and small rangoli designs with dots for beginners or starters. Let us start with the simplest of dot patterns 5 by 5 ( 4 by 4 designs are in a subsequent post).  However if time permits I can post a few of this type also. Now in this series of 5 dots (or points or bindu as they are also called ) or chukkala muggulu - rangolis designs  with dots, I would like to upload the video or steps for each rangoli instead of the dot pattern or template because it would be of use for beginners .  Again there may be some influence of some free hand designs even in these rangoli with dots because as I wrote earlier my blog is rangoli-sans-dots! Hope you enjoy these designs. To add me to your circle please go to my Google plus profile.
                 This collection of  5 dots chinna kolangal or rangoli designs with steps may be of use to those who wish to celebrate Navratri , Dasara or Diwali with rangoli and are trying rangoli designs the first time or have been practising recently. If one finds it difficult to learn with rangoli ( powder ) a note book can be used for learning and practicing. Though Pongal or Sankranthi through Margazhi ( or Margali ) is a season for big rangoli or kolam, these rangoli designs will be useful for those who want learn kolam and draw it at the entrance during this rangoli  season.

How does one draw a rangoli?

A rangoli is a design drawn on the floor. The traditional method of drawing it is using rangoli powder. Even few decades back and definitely centuries back ( I got this information from my elders. Any authentic information on this subject?) rangolis were drawn with rice flour only.  Now it is customary to use commercial powder only or a mixture of commercial powder and rice flour.  The advantage of using this mixture it makes flow of  powder among the fingers easier.  So using this powder is the best (and traditional method) to draw these designs on the floor .  For beginners who find it difficult to control the flow of  powder use of chalk-piece for drawing some patterns on the floor is al-right.  Still the appearance will not be to the level of a rangoli-powder drawn design  Hence practising designs on a notebook with pencil or sketch pen starting from the simplest ones and then trying simple patterns on the floor with rangoli ( powder ) is a possible method.  However, finally drawing rangolis with rangoli  (powder ) is the art and hence it has to be done that way.  Practice makes a person come closer to perfection. Observing the two pictures closely will show how the rangoli powder is pushed with the thumb this is evident from the position of the thumb at the beginning and when the line is completed.


Now, some small kolam with dot pattern - 5 dot grid

    How to make a rangoli  of 5 dots- simple butterfly design                                                                                    

This rangoli design the latest addition to this post.  Obviously, a butterfly rangoli pattern.  A 5 by 5 dot pattern is used.  Draw the four butterflies at the four corners, first the wings and then add the head and antennae, free hand.  Use the remaining dots to draw a flower and its long, long stalk.  The colour chosen for the butterfly designs, orange and green for a white rangoli make it suitable for Independence Day or Republic Day. So far as symbolism is concerned, butterfly represents freedom among many other things.  So it is all the more apt to draw it for these days.

butterfly-rangoli.jpg    This rangoli has been drawn in a four steps using the dot pattern 5 by 5.  The dot grid has been placed four times.  The first grid on the top left shows the stage after the wings are drawn.  The image on the top right shows the antennae added , free hand.  The third and fourth image shows the branch or creeper drawn using the remaining dots.                                                  

How to make a rangoli of dots - birds or peacock patterns kolangal

rangoli-5-dots-9.jpgrangoli-5-dots-9-steps.jpgNature plays an important part in drawing rangoli ( or kolam).  It is but natural that we imitate (or copy) her.  Naturally (!) we have to attempt to draw beautiful birds as beautiful (!) rangoli.  We cannot come anywhere close to Mother Nature when comes to beauty, colours.  Of the many birds, the peacock (India's national bird) has fascinated us for ages for its beautiful plumage.  This simple rangoli the latest rangoli design added here a humble attempt to try one with just a five by five dot template to draw peacocks (!) and the video has also been added. It could be used as  a simple rangoli design for Krishna Janmashtami decoration due to the colour combination used.  Shown below is the birds rangoli in three steps how to draw this simple 5 dot rangoli with some free hand pattern additions. The rangoli is a three steps on the image on the right . Even with small dot patterns we can draw mind blowing colourful, beautiful kolam/ rangoli

Some more rangoli designs simple and small - theme birds


birds-rangoli-2.jpgContinuing with birds, the next kolam  is with  a five by five dot grid.  A very simple method to draw a rangoli with simple peacock like designs.   Place the dot grid, draw a central design in two steps as shown above, connect the remaining dots to get the birds rangoli.  The head and tail are drawn using the dots and beak is drawn free hand. There are quite a few five dot designs in rangoli with 5 dots   You can add any other design as desired by you, or leave it as it is.  Finally fill the rangoli with colours.  While drawing the basic rangoli it is desired to have as thin lines as possible.  Again this comes with practice.      

birds-rangoli-1212-with-steps.jpgUsing a basic dot grid of 5 to 3 ( idukku pulli called so because the dots on either side of the row of dots are placed at the centre of the dots in the previous row ) the two images show how three birds and six birds are drawn.  The first image and first stage shows a star shaped design drawn first.  Consider a dot on the right side at the centre and one above it using these two dots the body of the bird and its tail are drawn .  Similarly two more birds are drawn.  

small-rangoli-1212-5.jpg Another rangoli with 5 dots with birds designs.The dot grid  five to three dot pattern.  It is a birds rangoli design.  From each edge of the hexagon the neck of the bird is drawn to the dot grid.  The head and beak are added free hand.  I have used blue and orange colours for the birds.  A simple and easy rangoli design.  It is five dot six birds rangoli.   

rangoli-5-dots-8.jpgI have drawn a  rangoli design using birds and some lamps (deepam in Tamil ).  It is drawn using a dot grid of 5 by 5. Draw the floral petals at the centre and then draw the lamps on the four sides.  Finally add the birds using the remaining dots. Of course the easier way of following the method would be to view the video.  A simple rangoli design with simple lamp patterns and hence can be drawn for Navratri or Diwali and of course Karthigai.    To know how to draw it please visit my YouTube channel               
Two images showing how to draw this simple kolam with mango leaves patterns

The rangoli design above is of dot template 5 to 5.  It has four leaves in orange and green with some patterns above each leaf.  Since the leaves are supposed to represent mango leaves such kolam are usually called maavilai kolam (maavilai is Tamil for mango leaves).  Since this post is for learning rangoli I have tried a very simple and easy design. The steps needed for drawing this rangoli are below the image.
Mango leaves are associated with auspicious occasions in Tamil Nadu.  It is common to find entrances decorated with thoranam or toran made of mango leaves during festivals like Pongal, Ugadi, Varalakshmi Pooja, Tamil New Year and house warming ceremonies and of course Navratri kolu decoration. Hence the importance to these designs.  Actually this design below has some mango leaves.  For a maavilai kolam please go to rangoli with 7 dots. Since this is an important rangoli, the steps involved are shown in the image on the right (instead of a video to make it more user friendly  - I hope ! )



The image on the top iss a rangoli with 5 by 5 dot grid for a thulasi madam design.  Draw the dot template. Using it draw the central oval designs intersecting each other.  Add the base and the plant using free hand patterns.. Tulsi  rangoli with dots can be drawn for festivals like Navratri and of course Tulsi Vivah. The two images in black and white show two intermediate steps


The next rangoli design is also with 5 by 5 dot pattern.  It has four diya (or deepam designs) facing towards the centre.  At the centre there are some floral petals connecting the lamps.  A free hand leaf border has been added around the rangoli. The image for this rangoli design has been added below the image.  First draw the four diya patterns.  Add the floral and leaf patterns for the remaining dots. Add the free hand patterns connecting the lamps through two green leaves as shown.

How to make a rangoli with dots (simple muggulu chukkalu ) - simple floral patterns

small flower kolam designs with dots 



The rangoli shown above  is a simple but beautiful floral rangoli.  Draw the four flowers on the edges of the rangoli.  Create the central design using the remaining dots.  Draw yellow lines parallel to the flower design to create flowers.  The final rangoli image is as shown . Since the patterns used are simple, this is an easy rangoli  design with dots and can be used by children also to practice.   Though this is quite an easy rangoli design the image below shows in three steps how this floral rangoli with 5 by 5 dot grid can be drawn in just three steps.  However, the final image has different colours to show how we can apply colours to a rangoli according to our imagination.  Also, there are a wide variety of colours that can be used for flowers. Two stages of the rangoli taken from my video on this design have been added for reference.

Simple rangoli with 5 dots - simple patterns


This is also a five dot rangoli.  Draw the four designs along the edges.  Draw the central design.  Fill with green and red colours  to the rangoli design.  We can also add simple dots and curved lines to get the image below.

The rangoli design above is yet another rangoli with 5 dots.  This design also has a free hand design influence as is evident in many of the rangoli design with dots also drawn by me.  Two images in black and white showing two steps in this kolam or rangoli.


Below- This is a rangoli with 5 by 5 dots with floral patterns and leaves.  Four motifs as shown in the design below are added between the flowers.  The central design is a simple one.  A beautiful rangoli design , isn't it. It is a design suitable for free hand drawing also.  One such design (or a very similar one) has been posted in a post Rangoli of November 2012.   The pictures below  show how to draw the rangoli  

The  two pictures below, show how we can draw the same rangoli without using a dot grid.  Theoretically it is possible for most rangoli designs and it should be easy for smaller rangoli. The second rangoli above is a very simple free hand design.  As usual a simple pattern at the centre decorated with simple motifs on four sides and with very small flowers with four petals mounted on leaves or petals inclined to the base.


Conclusion: Almost all (I say almost because I cannot with certainty say - all) rangolis with dots can be drawn free hand and those without dots can be converted into designs with dots.  We have to spend some time to decide on the dot template required to convert a free hand design into one with dots.  So far as the ones with dots are concerned, only flow of rangoli powder among the fingers matters to convert into a free hand design.  Easier said than done.  It may be difficult to get the exact symmetry in complicated dot designs when we try free hand.                                                             

. The image below shows how to draw the patterns on the four sides.  The remaining dots are used up with patterns in the second image.


rangoli-5-dots1-a.jpgThe next rangoli in the series is with a dot grid of 5 by 5 and is in the image below.   As usual place the dots in an array of 5 by 5.  Draw the four floral petal patterns at the four corners (in blue and pink).  Draw the floral petal (the ones at the centre are simple petals ) at the centre.  Use up the remaining dots as shown in the image or with symmetrical patterns or links of your choice to get the final image. . I have filled the entire rangoli design with colours.  We may add colours according to our imagination and liking.

    The rangoli below, in this collection of 5 dot designs has been drawn with 5 by 5 dot pattern.  The rangoli has been shown in four steps.  First draw the lamps and then the birds as shown.

 more kolam designs with dots step by step - birds and lamps theme

Ner pulli kolam a type of  rangoli design with dots  (simple chukkala muggulu ) can be of two types - one with dots in descending order on either side of a central row ( for example if the central row has 7 dots the rows on either side will be 5,3 and 1.  This type of dot arrangement is used usually when the patterns are symmetrical on either side of the central row & the other type is when the dots are of pattern 5 dots by 5 or 6 dots by 6.  In these types usually you will observe that there is symmetry on the four corners of the rangoli design either separately or radiating from the centre.  Of course these are only guidelines- there are always exception to the rule.  However symmetry is the central theme of any rangoli or kolam design whether free hand or with dots.  The beauty of a rangoli lies in symmetry.  Here again we imitate nature.

Simple kolam designs can also be drawn with few dots, 4 or 5 being among the simplest dot grids.  The kolam below is with a 5 by 5 dot grid.  Place the dot grid, from the central dot draw four lines radiating on four sides to form the wings of the birds.  Then draw the remaining portion of the birds, add the beak ( free hand ).  Use up the remaining dots to get fruits that represent grapes.  Quite a simple method of drawing a birds and fruits kolam with such a small dot grid.  

Another birds kolam - a simple one again                                         



5 dots deepam kolam - simple 

simple-deepam-kolam-2311.jpgThe next kolam in this small kolam with dots for Deepavali is with a dot grid 5 to 3 ( idukku pulli ).  The dot grid is placed vertically instead of horizontally as we do in many designs.  The 5 dots are placed from top to bottom vertically, then four dots on either side and then three dots.  A hexagon is drawn first as shown in the first image.  Then the the deepam patterns are drawn from each edge of the hexagon.  The remaining dots are used to draw floral patterns ( small flowers that are cute ).  Add colours as shown in the final image.
Deepavali can also be interpreted as Deepa oli ( light from the light ). So these small kolam with deepam or vilakku patterns.  Of course these kolam can be drawn for Karthigai Deepam another festival when lighting of lamps is given importance.


Some rangoli videos in this category  are in the playlist rangoli with 5 dots

I received a mail from one of my viewers stating that she was planning to use rangoli art from Rangoli-sans-dots for art therapy.  I have very little or no knowledge of art therapy.  The fact that and my YouTube channel could be a useful art therapy technique makes me happy.  It encourages me to think of more rangoli art ideas. Art treatment or therapy information is available in Wikipedia and in this news on Art therapy from The Hindu. This also encouraged me to publish a small book (e-book ) or pustakam for rangoli.

rangoli-on-water-5dots.jpgFloating rangoli or rangoli in water is an important and interesting type of rangoli design.  If you try to draw a rangoli on water with rangoli powder you find it to be impossible.  So we have to add rice flour to water so that it becomes denser.  Now one can draw a rangoli on water plus rice flour with relative ease. Once such rangoli below with 5 dot pattern. Place the dot pattern (!) on water and draw the rangoli design as shown in the image below or  follow the video that is from my YouTube channel Rangolisansdots.

Significance of kolam / rangoli

Kolam is drawn daily in the morning. Many also draw it in the evening.  n. Kolam is drawn at the entrance of homes,  We also find that this tradition or custom is followed at the entrance of shops, restaurants.  Apart from religious significance that is attached to kolam it also improves the ambience. Also it is one way showing that guests are welcome inside and that is what shopkeepers and other business establishments want.  Depending upon the size of the shop the kolam size also varies.  We find very large kolam or rangoli designs near the entrance of big restaurants.  I have seen rangoli designs at the entrance,  rangoli borders on either side of the path way leading to the store or business establishment.  Colourful rangoli are also displayed in many places and on various occasions.  It is now common to see these designs drawn on occasion of inaugural functions, at airports and when dignitaries visit some important places.  So the kolam or rangoli  now has an important role to play on a daily basis ( as it is in Tamil Nadu) and also in many other religious and social functions and gatherings.

On the door ways at the main entrance and all other rooms simple kolam patterns on either side of the threshold and one at the centre are drawn.  As space available is less very simple kolam designs are drawn. Usually, simple kolam border designs are used.  At the centre of  each room again kolam designs are drawn. As a result there is a need for a number of kolam patterns.  So the more the patterns we know or learn the better.  Hence Rangoli-sans-dots will have a number of designs as different and as unique as possible. Some of them are those that are regularly used by me  and some are creations (!) of my imagination.

1. How to choose a colour combination for a rangoli

Here we can use nature as a guide when we draw patterns from nature.  When some non-specific patterns are drawn or when we want to have our own combination we should give freedom to our imagination.  Also we may do some samples with rangoli colours  (like filling some simple shapes near the actual rangoli ) to see if we are satisfied with the result.  After all  opinions vary from person to person and what is liked by one may not be liked by a few others.
How does one dispose the flowers used for puja?
Well, after removing them from the puja room, I offer them to the Tulsi plants or rose plants. This way the plants are also benefited.

2. How is it possible to maintain symmetry in rangoli ?.

 I accept that it is not possible to maintain perfect symmetry in hand drawn rangolis with dots or without dots. Even in rangoli with dots if the dots are not placed properly, as the number of dots in the template increase the asymmetry is visible.  In free hand rangoli the simpler the design better the symmetry!. - because as we draw many smaller patterns and motifs the resulting asymmetry is not magnified.  When we try to draw one big rangoli with few big patterns, we can run into problems.  Hence we can only attempt to draw as symmetrical as humanly  possible.  When the use of rangoli powder on floor is considered the limitations of humans will definitely be seen.  Unlike rangoli drawn with sketch pens or ball pen in a note book or using a computer, hand drawn designs are naturalistic and therein lies their beauty. The rangolis with intricate patterns drawn using a sketch pen/ball pen cannot be drawn on the floor with rangoli  with the same degree of intricateness.

3. How to fill up colours in a rangoli ?

After finishing the rangoli design the next task is fill it with colours.  We should  first fill up the basic shapes like diya, circles, flowers, petals, leaves etc.  If we have time and  we are confident that we will not spill rangoli powder on the original design,  we can fill up the remaining gaps also.

A collection of 30 simple kolam ( 4 to 9 dots ) videos - 30 kolam for 30 days in a month is at 30 kolam designs The videos view time is 30 minutes.

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