New year rangoli Pongal kolam

butterfly-rangoli.jpgMargazhi is also important due to the fact that the English New Year falls in this month and the month ends with Sankranti.   Since our family lives in Tamil Nadu, we are lucky because we celebrate the English New Year, Ugadi (New Year celebrated in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra)  and of course the Tamil New Year.  On the new year's eve we find many rangolis  big and small welcoming the new year.  The words "Welcome 2013" or "Happy New Year 2013" will  be written on the periphery of many Margazhi rangoli heralding the arrival of  2013.  Margazhi ends with Sankranti celebrations.  It is celebrated for four days in Tamil Nadu.  The first day is Bhogi, 2nd  day is Thai Pongal,  3rd day is Maattu Pongal and the 4th day is Kaanum Pongal .   Apart from  other festivities rangolis play a very important  role in celebration of Sankranti or Pongal.                                    

Butterfly rangoli with dots and free hand

dot-rangoli-stage-2.jpgdot-rangoli-stage-1.jpgThe rangoli above is the first in our series ( I have not decided ,  how many) for New Year 2013 through Sankranti.  It can be drawn free hand or with dots.  The image above has been drawn without dots.  It is a design with four butterflies and four flowers.   The centre filled with pink and green  patterns.  The flowers have been filled with two shades of blue.  The gaps have also have rangoli powder preserved by me after erasing a design (hence the different colour in the back ground.) The dot pattern is 13 dots to 1 dot, ner pulli. I have added the rangoli with dots.  However I have drawn  it with parallel lines instead of a single line version. It reduces the use of colour rangoli powder!. This version is also called double stroke kolam as two lines are drawn simultaneously.. Place the dots grid or template. Draw the butterflies and flowers first.  Use the balance dots to get the image below.  Add colours with lines parallel to the two parallel lines!.   Rangoli designs with dots and those without dots are beautiful in their own way. So far as symmetry is concerned I think the level of difficulty is the same. The two images below show two intermediate stages of the butterfly rangoli to give a visual idea of how to proceed with this rangoli. If it is difficult to draw with parallel  lines we can draw a single line design first.
New-Year-border-rangoli.jpg More rangoli with dots have been posted in simple kolam with dots collection and in pulli kolam designs. The first rangoli in this post and almost all rangolis in the previous post - Margazhi kolam collection demand a lot of filling up to be done with rangoli powder of various colours.  Hence for a change,   the rangoli below simple with very few colours,  a simple rangoli or rangoli border for New Year 2013. Three simple floral designs are drawn and filled with colours as shown on the top of each one simple motifs are drawn.                                                    

Let  us start with a kolam with dots for New Year 2013.
A video showing the steps from dot pattern to final design for the above rangoli.  The dot grid or template 21-11.
sankranthi-muggu-1.jpgDraw the claws of the scorpion ( 6 nos) and the pattern in pink.  Then draw the central design and fill the remaining dots as shown in the video.  Add colours as in the image above to get the design.
 Other big rangolis with dots are elephants kolam with dots  with 21 dot to 11 dot pattern
and pulli kolam with birds with 19 dots pattern available in Rangoli-kolam-sans-dots

Sankranthi rangoli

My mother was born and brought up in  Vizianagaram a town near Vishakapattinam.  She learnt a lot of rangolis from  her mother seven decades back!.  In Andhra Pradesh, Sankranti is an important festival.  My mother says that they call  it Peddha Pandaga  in Telugu.  The above rangoli with dots  is  an important Sankranti muggulus (for my mother ) drawn by my mother,  taught by her mother (confusing isn't it).  She says it is called Mandra Kappa ( Telugu for black scorpion - please correct  me if I am wrong) because a part of the design resembles the claws of a scorpion.  Though the design is simple as we use rhombuses only, it will  take a lot of time (90 minutes approx)  to complete it because it is a relatively big rangoli with dots. Two stages of the rangoli are shown. The the dot pattern is 21 dots to 11 dots (in between dots or idukku pulli).



double-line-kolam-2.jpg On the top a simple freehand rangoli with parallel lines but of two different colours for Margazhi kolams. (Margazhi is still  not over!).  The lines have been drawn simultaneously, as we do in plain rangolis with parallel lines but we have to use rangoli powder of two colours.  It can be expanded with designs using white rangoli  powder also.  Two images showing the stages in drawing this rangoli

This rangoli above on the right  drawn using the above method i.e drawing parallel lines with two colours.  . Drawing a rangoli or kolam with parallel lines requires some practice.  Drawing parallel lines with two different colours requires more practice.  What is important is picking the colours and allowing the rangoli powder to flow through the fingers.  Once it is achieved the lines as shown in the thumbnail above can be drawn. The colour combination including yellow makes suitable for festivals like Basant Panchami for which yellow is an important colour.

Kolam with sugarcane and Pongal pot

Pongal paanai kolam with dots 

The following pics show how to draw a simple pongal kolam with paanai or pot and sugar cane for Pongal.  This is a very popular theme for Pongal so I have chosen a simple kolam design the dot pattern in 8 to 3 - idukku pulli.  




Pongal paanai kolam without dots

Thai Pongal is only a few days away.  So, one freehand rangoli for this Pongal  season, of course with Pongal pots and sugarcane!  A free hand kolam design with four colourful pots.  Bright colours are have used to fill up the pot design. Then bright yellow patterns have been drawn on the colourful background.My Facebook page is Rangoli sans dots. Please remember to like it.
While Pongal is celebrated with sweet Pongal prepared from newly harvested rice.  Sankranti is celebrated with what is called Tilgul .  Younger generation takes the blessings of the elders of the family by falling at their feet and they in turn offer them Tilgul and bless then.

Festival - Ratha Sapthami

Ratha-sapthami-rangoli.jpgThis festival is celebrated after Pongal or Sankranti  on the seventh day (hence Sapthami ) in the bright phase of the moon.  A free hand rangoli of a chariot with a single wheel representing the Sun is drawn on the floor or on a wooden plank usually with kaavi (red ochre ) paste.  The chariot has a single wheel  with a pennant or (dwaja ) at the top.  A pictorial representation of the Sun is drawn inside the chariot.  This probably signifies the beginning of the harvest season.  Offerings include include Sakkara Pongal . Actually it was prepared by boiling milk on a a stove lit with dried cow dung cakes. The ingredients for Pongal are added after the milk boils.  The stove is placed in the sun facing east. Presently this may be practically difficult in some places.
Rangoli or kolam designs with dots are there for 5 dots kolangal, 6 dots kolam  and so on. The rangoli or kolam is one of the types or patterns usually with a repetitive motif I have used in many rangoli designs to get the chariot design for Ratha Sapthami.  It is customary to draw only a single wheel for the chariot.  A toran of mango leaves on the top, rangoli patterns representing banana plants are drawn with green colour. (Both these are considered auspicious and are invariably used in festivals and functions like weddings ).  A pictorial representation of the sun is drawn at the centre of the chariot.  A dwaja (flag or pennant ) is added to the top. Another important festival celebrating spring that is popular in northern parts of India is Basant Panchami.