For kolam upto 21 dots grid ( medium to big - advanced level )
9 pulli kolam - birds
The kolam above on the top is of 9 dot to 1 dot pattern kolam with four "colourful" birds. A simple design. Place the 9 to 1 dot template. Draw the central pattern and expand outward to get the wings Draw the head and crown and beak of the bird. The remaining dots at the centre are filled up with patterns as shown in the image. You can also decide your own pattern. There is some influence of free hand design in the birds and hence the combination of dots and free hand rangoli results in the image shown above. Some colourful lines have been added to parallel to the basic white design to get a beautiful and attractive rangoli. This rangoli may not appear to be simple, hence the photo above showing how to draw the basic patterns at the centre and around. From this the beak, crown and tail of the birds can be developed based on our imagination. Two pictures showing intermediate stages of the kolam. Drawing the wings is the only difficult part.
This kolam is somewhat different because free hand patterns have to be drawn for representing the birds. Decorations and colours are added as per our convenience and imagination to complete the design. In the second case, the central star design is retained to get the 12 sided geometric shape like a star. Two sides are used to draw the free hand design of the bird as shown. Add beaks and crown and some colours to give a more bird-like presentation!. A simple method for drawing birds on a rangoli.
This rangoli below is a birds rangoli ( supposed to represent a simplified version of peacocks !). It is 5 dot rangoli with 4 birds. The dot grid is 5 by 5 . The steps showing how to draw this design and also the same design with different colours are there in a post on dotted rangoli in Rangolisansdots . Two intermediate steps are shown in the images.
11 to 6 dot flower kolam design or 11 pulli poo kolam
15 to 1 dot kolam design with deepam or lamp patterns or 15 pulli kolam (vilakku )
15 dots deepam kolam
Rangoli designs are popular is various states of India. Each state has its own style and each style its own beauty. While kolam including pulli kolam is unique to Tamil Nadu, rangoli designs with dots with square dot grids are unique and the beauty of rangoli designs practised in Maharastra. Some rangoli designs inspired by Maharastra rangoli with dots based on the feed back from my sister who lives in Mumbai.
.Lotus kolam / rangoli with 15 dots
Kolam inspired by Maharastrian rangoli with dots
15 dots birds kolam - white kolam
The kolam above is of dot grid 15 to 1 (ner pulli). Though it is with 15 dots it is relatively easy to draw. The patterns below the neck (that represent the wings! are drawn first on the four sides. The central floral pattern is added. Then the birds and flower at the centre are connected with dots as shown. Finally floral petals are also added between the birds. The beauty of this kolam lies in the symmetry of the patterns. Interested in seeing how it is drawn with colours . The colourful version I drew for Tamil New Year .
15 dots birds kolam with colours
The rangoli on the top is a Tamil New Year special it is a rangoli with dots of 15 to 1 dots pattern (ner pulli kolam) i.e the dots decrease from 15 to1 in odd numbers (15,13,9,7,5,3 and 1). This design, initially was to be butterflies and flowers combination but I changed it to birds and flowers pattern as I drew it. The level of difficulty I presume is medium. The two more black and white images are two intermediate stages of the 15 dot kolam taken from Rangolisansdots. They should give an idea of how the kolam is drawn from the dot grid stage.
15 dots birds kolam with colours
Floral kolam / rangoli with 11 to 6 dots
15 to 1 dot kolam with floral petals or 15 pulli kolam ( flowers )
Two intermediate stages of the colourful design above are shown to give an idea of how the kolam progresses from the dot grid to the final stage. As shown in the first image the floral patterns on the four corners are drawn and then the dots between the floral patterns are used with a pattern as shown. Of course we have the liberty to change the designs according to our imagination. For example some leaf patterns can also be drawn in these dots. The next image shows how the dots at the middle are used. Three dots on each side remain as shown. Refer to the final image with colours to complete the kolam design.
The next one is with 7dots to 7 dot pattern. A simple floral pullikolam design. . Again the outer designs are drawn and the remaining dots used to get the central design. The outer patterns can also be converted into birds or butterflies - the patterns on the four edges - as is obvious from the image. The images in black and white show two intermediate stages of the kolam design. The first one shows the dot pattern with the outer floral designs in three stages. The second image shows how the central designs are drawn. They give an idea as to how the kolam design progresses.
7 dots kolam with hibiscus and rose buds
Kolam with rose ( buds )
Common kolam designs
15 to 8 dot simple kolam for apartments for Margazhi
11 to 6 dot common kolam for apartments
for learning by beginners and children.
pulli deepam kolam or dot rangoli with lamps
Another variation of deepam kolam for Karthigai or Deepavali
Two more variations of deepam kolam with dots for Karthigai Deepam / Deepavali
Another type of deepam kolam or diya rangoli with dots
Deepam kolam with 2 by 2 dots !
Fish kolam with dots ( nature kolam theme a simple design)
Fish is another popular idea for rangoli designs. One of the simplest fish rangoli design I could think of is the one below. Place five dots radially around a central dot. We can have six or eight radial arms. Use the first dot and the last dot to draw the fish pattern outside the dots. The remaining dots inside are used as shown in the image. Finally all the fish are connected at the centre as shown in the rangoli. We can add colours to make it colourful. This rangoli ( though I have not added colours ) is an inspiration from fish that we usually see converge on food
Maavilai or mango leaf designs in kolamMango leaves ( or maavilai as it is called in Tamil ) patterns are used quite often in kolam / rangoli designs. One such simple design with a 5 by 5 dot grid. This is also there elsewhere in Rangoli-sans-dots ( under 5 dots and 7 dots rangoli designs ). Due to the relevance I have drawn it for Nature rangoli too. The rangoli has been shown in three steps
The rangoli has swastik at the centre and expanded further to end in petals. The periphery is also decorated with simple swastik patterns. After drawing plain, the petals and the pattern at the centre are filled with colour as shown in the image above. A simple free hand rangoli. These types are similar to maavilai kolam in Tamil. They are drawn with dots. I am trying to be honest to Rangoli-sans-dots and hence I have tried without dots!
When it is drawn with dots, The dot pattern is 7 dots at the centre, 6 and 5 dots on either side as idukku pulli and then one row of 3 dots each. As usual draw the design from the centre of the dot grid, add the petals or mango leaves and swastik patterns and finally fill with colours. Of course there is a small difference in the rangolis, the one at the top has eight petals while the one in the video has six petals. It is possible to draw a rangoli with 8 petals also. The video is in my YouTube channel. However, the two images below show intermediate steps for this swastik rangoli with 7 dots. ( Swastik is regularly used in Indian temples and puja for centuries ). The white kolam on the left for practising without colours or for colouring activity.
Continuing our discussion on maavilai the next rangoli is also a variation of the maavilai kolam (literally mango leaves). The dot pattern is 7 to 4 (idukku pulli). Draw the central intersecting lines, extend them and draw the curved lines to get the design. This is also a variation of the maavilai kolam (literally mango leaves). The dot pattern is 7 to 4 (idukku pulli). Draw the central intersecting lines, extend them and draw the curved lines to get the design.
kolam design with 13 dots - maavilai and floral petalsMargazhi is a season for relatively bigger kolam designs. So this one is some what big when compared to 4 or 5 dots. This has a 13 to 1 dot pattern. Using a dot pattern we can draw simple geometric shapes like triangles or parallelograms in a particular pattern to use the dots. This dot grid is also commonly used for such designs. I wanted to try a different design and got this finally. The five designs with maavilai leaves as they are called are drawn one at the centre and four on its four sides. The remaining dots are used to draw clover like floral petal pattens. Add a few colourful lines inside the design to get the image seen in the thumbnail. There ia video on the steps to draw this simple but beautiful kolam at
13 dots kolam for Margazhi
Plain rangoli designs can be used for drawing at the entrance of our homes, for practising this art and also for activities like colouring the designs. Hence some rangoli designs from my collection of rangoli designs from various places in Rangolisansdots. colourful versions of some of them may already be available here. The rangoli designs can be used for filling with crayons, sketch pens or colouring pencils. The white kolam below with colours in the kolam design above. Please compare the effects just adding colourful lines on the kolam.
Akshya Tritiya is an occasion for learning a new art or mantra. Some of these simple maavilai kolam with dots may be useful for Akshaya Tritiya considering the fact that these designs are considered auspicious. An auspicious kolam for an auspicious festival.
kolam design with 13 dots - butterflies and flowersThe colourful version of this kolam has been shared elsewhere in Rangolisansdots. However , here a different set of pics showing different set of steps to draw this beautiful kolam. Though it can be drawn with a single line I have tried the double line or two line kolam version. The kolam in three steps.
15 dots poo kolam for Margazhi
The first kolam for the Margazhi season 2014. A flower kolam or poo kolam . This is quite a common kolam design with five flowers each with four two lobed petals as shown. The flower is drawn at the centre of the grid and on all four sides. The remaining dots are used to create patterns as shown. Finally add some small leaf patterns. Since it is a Margazhi special it is important to fill with beauitful colours - the entire kolam - not only the designs but also the gaps are filled up with various colours, pink, yellow and blue as shown. The centre of the flower is also decorated with white designs. The dot grid used is fifteen dot three rows, then upto three dots (ner pulli ). Though it is a 15 dot rangoli kolam it is quite simple and can be easily completed in a short time. Please try for this Margazhi. Intermediate steps are shown in the pics below.
Simple peacocks like patterns in kolam
kolam with 8 dots - some simple designs
Butterfly dotted rangoli or butterfly kolam with dots for Margazhi and Pongal
Simple sangu kolam with dotsA simple rangoli ( or kolam ) for this festival - Krishna Jayanthi or Sri Jayanthi and I think it is relevant too. Sangu kolam designs are quite common and many patterns can be drawn. I have chosen the simplest - 2 sangu ( or conch ) with one above and one below. So the dot pattern will 8 dots to 1 (idukku pulli or interlaced dots ). The three images below show the steps for drawing this kolam. Though it is a simple kolam joining the dots to get the curved lines to get a conch pattern is what is important. Quite a beautiful kolam that is commonly used as regular designs and for festivals too.
Big birds kolam with 19 dots for kolam competitions
Big kolam with 21 dots
This design represents the claws of a crab - in fact it appears as if six crabs are there. This is quite a common kolam design. Since the dot pattern is 21 to 11 it takes quite some time to complete it.
However as in the case of the previous rangoli, in this case too, two intermediate steps of this big rangoli is shown in the photos below. To state the obvious, in the first case the six patterns on the corner and the one at the centre are drawn. Then the lines are connected around or along these patterns using the dots around to get the stage in the second photo. The third photo shows the completed design but without colours.
Obviously, the completed rangoli is another common big kolam. Again to complete it with colours, patience is required. If the background is also to be filled one will need 15 minutes extra. The entire kolam design with colours and the background also in colour is below. This kolam is called Mandra kappa in Telugu is one of the important muggulu designs drawn during Sankranthi.
21 dots elephant kolam
The elephant-rangoli designs is a rangoli with 21 to 1 dots. The video is on my YouTube channel. Two intermediate steps are shown below. The right one with only the elephants and canopied seat (called howdah or ambari ). The gaps between two elephants is filled with a four petal floral design and the tusk as shown in image at the top. That leaves only the dots at the centre. I have filled it with a common floral petal design which with colours filled is available in simple floral patterns. ( Simple kolam designs can be used independently as a kolam or as a part of a bigger kolam ). The first stage shows only the four elephants drawn on four sides with the canopied seat and caparison ( a decorative cloth on the back ) . In the second stage I have added the tusk(s) and floral patterns between the elephants.
The designs above are in public domain for at least decades if not for centuries but drawing them is challenging due to the patterns involved and the time taken. If all the patterns are to be finished with colours it takes a longer time. Hence it is usual to find these designs during Margazhi season when kolam making is at its peak in Tamil Nadu.
We know where this art originated - India. The questions why and how have been on my mind for a long time. I do not have the answers only some guesses. I wonder when the pratice of sprinkling water on the access to a house and drawing a rangoli there, started. Let me think aloud (or should I say write aloud)!.Could it be because in those days electricity was not discovered and light at dawn was insufficient, water was sprinkled to scare poisonous reptiles away. Probably, rangolis where drawn with rice flour and turmeric powder to keep the ants and insects at bay. Also, art is an integral part of human life. It has been so for ages. It has been our desire to bring out nature's beauty through art. Probably rangoli art also originated due to this quest of us, humans. A wild guess or is it a plausible explanation.? I don't know. I request someone to throw some light on the subject. I will add links as and when I find interesting links on rangoli or related information. Of course rangoli or kolam is drawn to welcome guests daily or on special occasions, is considered to be auspicious and hence there is a practice in Tamil Nadu and other parts of India of drawing rangoli daily at the entrance. One can get a fair idea of the house based on the rangoli drawn at the centre. For example if there is padi kolam drawn at the entrance it means that there is a celebration going on in the house. Kolam in Tamil means beauty and in Tamil Nadu the art of kolam is practised by women every morning and some draw it in the evening too. My mother used to say that holding the kolapodi and sprinkling the kolam powder to get the patterns should be done with grace and even this act should look beautiful to one who watches a kolam being drawn . ( Is beauty in the eyes of the beholder ! ) My mother also said that this is a divine art and hence should be practised with the sanctity it deserves. Also, just as a teacher teaches how to hold a pencil in primary school so also she taught how to hold kolam powder.
Tamil New Year kolam with dots
Ugadi muggulu with dots / chukkala muggulu
You may also like these kolam
A collection of 30 simple kolam ( 4 to 9 dots ) videos - 30 kolam for 30 days in a month is at 30 kolam designs .
The play list is from my kolam in YouTube Channel Rangolisansdots. The videos view time is around thirty minutes