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Simple Pulli kolam designs - flowers, birds, kolam


Kolam designs with dots

While free hand rangolis are popular in many parts of India, rangoli with dots called (pulli ) kolam in Tamil  is popular in Tamil Nadu  (chukkala muggulu in Telugu  or pulli vecha kolam of Tamil Nadu ).  This can be further classified into two types ner pulli kolam  and idukku pulli kolam. Some of these kolam designs may be useful for Margazhi kolam too or if you are looking for Sankranthi / Pongal muggulu with dots.

To explain it further if one draws a ner pulli kolam with a 15 to 1 dot pattern it means that the central row of dots is 15 and the last row has one dot  - odd number of dots are placed in descending order i.e 13,11, 9, 7,5,3 and 1 and a convenient distance (1 cm approx)  on either side of the central row of 15 dots.
In idukku pulli kolam the first row of dots is placed, the next row of dots is placed below the first row in between the dots of the first row and the third row below the second row at a reasonable distance  between the dots of the second row and so on. This is to be done on both sides of the central row.Some pulli kolam designs I designed for Rangoli-sans-dots.  I will upload as and when it is possible.

9 pulli kolam - birds

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The kolam above on the top is of 9 dot to 1 dot pattern kolam with four "colourful" birds.  A simple design.   Place the 9 to 1 dot template. Draw the central pattern and expand outward to get the wings  Draw the head and crown and beak of the bird. The remaining dots at the centre are filled up with patterns as shown in the image.  You can also decide your own pattern.   There is some influence of free hand design in the birds and hence the combination of dots and free hand rangoli results in the image shown above. Some colourful lines have been added to parallel to the basic white design to get a beautiful and attractive rangoli. This rangoli may not appear to be simple, hence the photo above showing how to draw the basic patterns at the centre and around. From this the beak, crown and tail of the birds can be developed based on our imagination. Two pictures showing intermediate stages of the kolam.  Drawing the wings is the only difficult part.
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11 to 6 dot flower kolam design or 11 pulli poo kolam 


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The rangoli  on the top below is of  dot grid  11 to 6 dots (idukku pulli).  A floral design with dots.  They are the most sought after in rangoli designs.  Probably the beauty and colours of flowers attract us so much that we desire to draw them often.  Though it is preferable to upload videos for rangoli with dots, simple rangolis and for at least some of the free hand designs so that the steps involved are shared with viewers, I have a separate channel for the videos .  Accordingly I try to include videos for pulli kolams, simple kolams with dots and for some free hand rangolis.             

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This rangoli (on the top left ) is drawn by the following method.  Draw the six flowers on the outside one by one.  Then draw the central flower with six petals.  Obviously, there are six flowers on the periphery to match the six petals at the centre.  Connect all with simple patterns or curved lines.  Now the difficult part, fill the entire rangoli with different colours as shown in the image.  I have used two shades of blue for the petals if you would have observed.   Two intermediate steps of the kolam in the black and white stage are added above.

15 to 1 dot kolam design with deepam or lamp patterns or 15 pulli kolam (vilakku )

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The dot pattern for the third kolam shown above is 15 to 1 (ner pulli).  Draw the four outer diya or lamp designs and then the lamp and floral designs at the centre. This is also a simple kolam but again with influence of free hand rangolis in the motifs on either side of the lamps. Fill the remaining areas with light and dark brown rangoli powder  Below, the same design without the gaps being filled up.  Filling up the gaps will take some time and needs patience! Two intermediate steps of the kolam in the photos below. A kolam that can be drawn for Margazhi also because we prefer bigger kolam designs during Margazhi upto Pongal.

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The next kolam is of dot pattern 11 to 6 (idukku pulli).  This is a simple floral design.  Draw the 6 flowers around the central flower.    The gaps between the flowers are converted into simple designs using the remaining dots.  Finally fill all the designs with colour rangoli powder to get the image shown below. The trick to get the floral petal patterns at the centre and on the outside right to get a beautiful effect on the rangoli.  The colours only enhance the beauty of the design.  Choosing colours can be left to our imagination for general floral designs but for specific flowers like rose, lotus and hibiscus there are restrictions. The black and white images show two stages of the kolam. A flower kolam for Margazhi.

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15 to 1 dot kolam with floral petals or 15 pulli kolam ( flowers )

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The kolam below is 15 to 1 straight dots (ner pulli). A simple floral petal central design surrounded by some flowers and leaves.  I have added a few colours  The method is - draw the outer designs on the four sides. Then draw the central floral designs.  Connect the designs as shown.  Fill with parallel lines of different colours. The pattern at the centre is a simple floral petal design and this I have used in some rangoli designs.  The remaining dots are also used to get more flower and leaf patterns to get the rangoli.
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Two intermediate stages of the colourful design above are shown to give an idea of how the kolam progresses from the dot grid to the final stage.  As shown in the first image the floral patterns on the four corners are drawn and then the dots between the floral patterns are used with a pattern as shown.  Of course we have the liberty to change the designs according to our imagination.  For example some leaf patterns can also be drawn in these dots.  The next image shows how the dots at the middle are used.  Three dots on each side remain as shown.  Refer to the final image with colours to complete the kolam design.
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The next one is with 7dots to 7 dot pattern. A simple floral pullikolam design.  .  Again the outer designs are drawn and the remaining dots used to get the central design. The outer patterns can also be converted into birds or butterflies - the patterns on the four edges - as is obvious from the image. The images in black and white show two intermediate stages of the kolam design.  The first one shows the dot pattern with the outer floral designs in three stages.  The second image shows how the central designs are drawn. They give an idea as to how the kolam design progresses.

7 dots kolam with hibiscus and rose buds 

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This is a flower kolam with dot pattern 7 by 7.  I have used hibiscus and rose buds for the design.  Draw the flowers on the corners then the central pattern and then add the roses to get the final design. The roses with pink colour added will look cute.  The kolam with colours is in 7 pulli kolam designs. Two images from the video show intermediate steps to give us an idea

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This kolam design above is a common kolam and  is with 13 to 1 dot pattern. It has been filled with colours,  however can be drawn plain or partially filled, can be decorated  inside or outside with freehand patterns.  The options are many. Rangoli with dots are the popular in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka in  Southern India.  They are called chukkala muggulu in Telugu. 

15 to 8 dot simple kolam for apartments for Margazhi 

The next kolam is quite a common design - the dot grid is 15 to 8 ( idukku pulli ).  It is usually drawn as a tortoise shape but I have used some floral patterns instead of a tortoise.  Draw the central star shaped patterns then use up the remaining dots  to get  two parallelograms one inside the other.  Though it is a relatively big kolam and occupies some space it is commonly drawn during Margazhi at the entrance.

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11 to 6 dot common kolam for apartments

The next one is a kolami that is quite common in southern part of India ( at least to my knowledge ).  The dot grid is 11 to 6 ( in between dots i.e the dots are placed in the order 11at the centre and  10,9,8,7,6 on either side ). First 11 dots are placed the next rows of dots are placed below and above between two dots in the 11 dot row so that we get 10 dots.  Similarly when the next row of dots is placed between any two dots we get nine dots and so on.  This is a simple line rangoli design with hexagons and few lines so that the result is rhombuses. Two intermediate steps are shown one at the beginning and one when it is nearing completion so that the rangoli can be drawn for colouring.  The colourful version is in rangoli with 11 dots.

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Common kolam designs        

There are some common kolam designs that are drawn quite frequently in many homes.  One of them is the 11 to 6 dot s ( interlaced dots or idukku pulli ) poo kolam.  Actually it is not a poo ( flower ) but only some petals are drawn.  The colourful version of this kolam is already there in Rangoli-sans-dots. The kolam is shown in three steps below.  In the first image three intersecting lines are drawn using the dots as shown.  In the next stage the petals are drawn and they connected through curved lines drawn through the dots from the centre.   In the final stage the the remaining line below the floral petal is connected to the next group of petals using the remaining dots. This simple yet beautiful kolam may be useful for beginners and kids. 
These two kolam shared below have already been shared with colours elsewhere in Rangolisansdots
 Such simple kolam though drawn with a bigger dot grid may be useful for activities connecting the dots.

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The next common kolam is with 13 to 1 dots. (ner pulli ) The colourful version has already been featured here in one of the earlier posts I have added a couple of steps here since it belongs to this category. A simple design, can be drawn in a few minutes and so is suitable for daily use and for learning by beginners and children.                                                         

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pulli deepam kolam or dot rangoli with lamps

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The kolam design on the top - I have already drawn in November 2012 for Karthigai Deepam.  .  It is very simple and we can decide the number of dots because the pattern is repetitive. I have adopted 6 dots to 5 pattern.  Draw repeated elliptical patterns inclined on either side. Depending upon the number of rows and columns we get a small or large diya rangoli design. Two stages of this simple deepam kolam with dots are shown in the pictures above.


Another variation of deepam kolam for Karthigai or Deepavali 



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The next image also shows a deepam kolam for Karthigai.  The base drawn in a method similar to what was used for the upper kolam design.  In this case I have drawn two deepam kolam designs with a suitable dot pattern.  I have used blue colour to identify the lamp and of course red and orange colours for the deepam or lamps.  Using this basic dot grid and resultant pattern many different designs of deepam kolam can be drawn.  The dot pattern is any number of rows and any number of columns i.e we can have 6 dot by 5 dot or 7 by 6 etc. to suit the size of the kolam we need to draw.  .The kolam below follows the same idea of dot patterns the only difference being more colours have been used for the base of the lamp.
In many of the kolam above a repeated pattern of ellipses inclined on both sides is used. Two images from one of my videos on Ran golisansdots - showing how to draw these repeated patterns


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Two more variations of deepam kolam with dots for Karthigai Deepam / Deepavali 

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The kolam on the top is a deepam kolam that I use for festivals.  The base is drawn with dots.  The dot pattern can be any number of rows and any number of columns. We should choose the right combination to get a rectangular or square shape.  Of course the right combination of rows and columns also so that it is not too big or too small and also to ensure that the length and breadth in case of rectangular base  is of acceptable size.

After placing the dot pattern draw elliptical patterns as shown row  by row, first draw all those inclined to the right and  then those inclined to the left or  vice-versa.  The patterns can be all white or a combination of white and any other colour as I have done or a  combination of two colours.  Also the patterns can filled with colours.  Finally add the free hand deepam at the top to get the finished kolam.

This is the latest addition to this category of kolam with dots.  The dot pattern used is 2 rows of 9, 1 row of 7 dots, 1 row of 5 dots and 1 row of 3 dots.  Following the method given in the video below draw the blue and white patterns and then add deepam designs as shown to get a simple yet beautiful kolam design with lamps.

Another type of deepam kolam or diya rangoli with dots 

lamps-kolam-1412-2.jpgThis is the latest addition to this category of kolam with dots.  The dot pattern used is 2 rows of 9, 1 row of 7 dots, 1 row of 5 dots and 1 row of 3 dots.  Following the method given in the pictures above draw the blue and white patterns and then add deepam designs as shown to get a simple yet beautiful kolam design with lamps.
                                             


Fish kolam with dots ( nature kolam theme a simple design)


Fish is another popular idea for rangoli designs.  One of the simplest fish rangoli design I could think of is the one below.  Place five dots radially around a central dot.  We can have six or eight radial arms.  Use the first dot and the last dot to draw the fish pattern  outside the dots. The remaining dots inside are used as shown in the image.  Finally all the fish are connected at the centre as shown in the rangoli.  We can add colours to make it colourful. This rangoli ( though I have not added colours ) is an inspiration from fish that we usually see converge on food


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Maavilai or mango leaf designs in kolam 

Mango leaves ( or maavilai as it is called in Tamil ) patterns are used quite often in kolam / rangoli designs.  One such simple design with a 5 by 5 dot grid.  This is also there elsewhere in Rangoli-sans-dots ( under 5 dots and 7 dots rangoli designs ).  Due to the relevance I have drawn it for Nature rangoli too. The rangoli has been shown in three steps
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The rangoli  has swastik at the centre and expanded further to end in petals.  The periphery is also decorated with simple swastik patterns.  After drawing plain, the petals and the pattern at the centre are filled with colour as shown in the image above.  A simple free hand rangoli. These types are similar to maavilai kolam in  Tamil.   They are drawn with dots.  I am trying to be honest to Rangoli-sans-dots and  hence I have tried without dots!

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When it is drawn with dots, The dot pattern is 7 dots at the centre, 6 and 5 dots on either side as idukku pulli and then one row of 3 dots each.  As usual draw the design from the centre of the dot grid, add the petals or mango leaves and swastik patterns and finally fill with colours.  Of course there is a small difference in the rangolis, the one at the top has eight petals while the one in the video has six petals.  It is possible to draw a rangoli with 8 petals  also. The video is in my YouTube channel. However, the two images below show intermediate steps for this swastik rangoli with 7 dots. ( Swastik is regularly  used in Indian temples and puja for centuries ).
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Continuing our discussion on  maavilai  the next  rangoli is also a variation of the maavilai kolam (literally mango leaves).  The dot pattern is 7 to 4 (idukku pulli).  Draw the central intersecting lines, extend them and draw the curved lines to get the design. This is also a variation of the maavilai kolam (literally mango leaves).  The dot pattern is 7 to 4 (idukku pulli).  Draw the central intersecting lines, extend them and draw the curved lines to get the design.

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kolam design with 13 dots - maavilai and floral petals

kolam-152-g.jpgMargazhi is a season for relatively bigger kolam designs. So this one is some what big when compared to 4 or 5 dots.  This has a 13 to 1 dot pattern. Using a dot pattern we can draw simple geometric shapes like triangles or parallelograms in a particular pattern to use the dots. This dot grid is also commonly used  for such designs.  I wanted to try a different design and got this finally.  The five designs with maavilai leaves as they are called are drawn one at the centre and four on its four sides.  The remaining dots are used to draw clover like floral petal pattens. Add a few colourful lines inside the design to get the image seen in the thumbnail.  There ia video on the steps to draw this simple but beautiful kolam at
13 dots kolam for Margazhi 

kolam design with 13 dots - butterflies and flowers

The colourful version of this kolam has been shared elsewhere in Rangolisansdots.  However , here a different set of pics showing different set of steps to draw this beautiful kolam.  Though it can be drawn with a single line I have tried the double line or two line kolam version.   The kolam in three steps.
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Simple peacocks like patterns in kolam 

Patterns in kolam represent elements in nature and need not be exact replicas.  Just as we have mango leaf patterns that do not look exactly like mango leaves, we can have peacock kolam that represent peacock designs but need look exactly like the beautiful birds.  In this aspect I think kolam differs from rangoli.  I have chosen an appropriate colour - peacock blue for the birds.  The kolam is drawn with 7 by 4 dots idukku pulli or interlaced dots.  The three steps in the kolam are shown in the images or pics below. The images of the birds look like a peacock putting its feathers up!

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This is a collection of medium size kolam / muggulu that can be drawn for the following

Tamil New Year kolam with dots
Ugadi muggulu with dots / chukkala muggulu
Navratri kolam 


You may also like these kolam 



A collection of 30 simple kolam ( 4 to 9 dots ) videos - 30 kolam for 30 days in a month is at 30 kolam designs . The play list is from my YouTube Channel. The videos view time is  around thirty  minutes