Margazhi kolam designs

Margazhi kolam 

latest kolam updates for Margazhi 2014 
Maargazhi matham or Margazhi maasam as we say colloquially is famous for kolam display and kolam / rangoli competitions that are held in many cities and towns in Tamil Nadu.  

How to draw a rose kolam with dots ( 15 pulli kolam ) - roja kolam in Tamil 



This post had free hand kolam designs for Margazhi. Due to requests I have added some kolam with dots for Margazhi 2014 here.  The first kolam is the famous and common rose kolam with dots.  We can find it frequently drawn for various occasions and festivals.  While rose patterns are similar to what I have drawn the central design varies from person to person depending upon our imagination.  The dot pattern used is 15 to 8 idukku pulli.  Two images showing intermediate steps for this kolam have also been added.

Simple kolam with 7 by 4 dots for Margazhi.

This kolam uses a 7 by 4 idukku pulli or dot pattern.  After placing the dot pattern instead of connecting the dots.  The lines are drawn on either side of the dots to get six intersecting patterns.  Finally the remaining dots are used ( again the lines are drawn outside the dots ) to get the simple kolam.  Two intermediate steps are shown in the two images below the kolam. If you are looking for a small and simple kolam with dots for Margazhi this may be useful.


The kolam above is a parallel line rangoli design that have already drawn and will also draw in the future.  Four pairs of intersecting lines using parallel line method are drawn.  From the edges the central floral design with petals and its extension are drawn with two parallel lines drawn simultaneously.  The outer side has a border decoration again with parallel lines.  This is augmented with simple patterns along the periphery.  The inside is decorated with semi circles and line of white and blue colours.  The flower is further made more attractive with dark blue and pink colours to get the final design.  

A simple kolam made beautiful by filling with colours

The kolam below is a simple design.  The central square is drawn and on all four sides motifs similar to bunches of grapes are drawn.  Floral designs all similar are drawn on the four edges and in between to get the image.  Colours have been added in the following method, the first row along the perimeter of the square has pink colour, the second one green and so on instead of using a single colour.

Usually, I fill the central portion with some free hand designs.  So this image has some simple patterns in the square at the centre.  Also decorating the "patterns on all sides of the square with white rangoli powder I think makes a fantastic change on the appearance of the kolam.  The three steps shown above give us options to stop the kolam at that stage if required.  One can compare all the four and decide what she wants.


More colourful kolam free hand for Markali season - the season of kolam designs 



The next kolam above has also been drawn ith double lines or parallel lines.  The basic central design is a rhombus with four chakras at the edges.  From here the rangoli is again expanded to get the design in the image.  Of course simple rangoli borders and some floral motifs have been added.  Like in the previous rangoli, the four corners have some designs, in this case lotuses.  The black and white images show the kolam  in its initial stage.   




  This is how the completed rangoli below would look in the beginning when we start drawing it.   Draw the parallel and intersecting (oxymoron !) lines at the centre and connect them with petal like patterns as shown.    The kolam above is a beautiful floral design for Margazhi.  The entire kolam has been drawn with parallel lines drawn simultaneously.  The basic floral design with many petals has been evolved with floral designs and other motifs as shown above.  Finally a simple rangoli border has been drawn around the rangoli with some gaps to make it more attractive. Not stopping at this stage another rangoli border on the four corners has been added to this rangoli.  Filling colours is relatively, easy as the entire rangoli is not filled. Only in some areas inside the designs parallel lines are drawn.  The effect of using white and pink dots in the rangoli has given a different effect.  Usually I fill all the gaps with kolam powder that takes quite a long time.


 kolam for Margazhi a different idea.


This free hand kolam is drawn using the following method.  As usual draw the design with rhombus at the centre.  From the edges of the rhombus develop the rangoli with curves on the edges and semicircular patterns linked to each other as shown in the figure.  Bunches of grapes are drawn on the outer portion of the design along the sides of the rhombus and the birds are drawn along the edges of the rhombus.  Fill the grapes with purple colours and the birds with pink colours.  Fill the central rangoli with colours of your choice and decorate it as you please to get the final rangoli.  Depiction of birds, fruits and other designs is made as simple as possible in kolam / rangoli.

Small kolam  for Margazhi

The rangoli / kolam, has a central floral design. The petals are further decorated with leaf like patterns an surrounded with a simple  border.   the border are filled with colours as shown.  The central flower after filling it with green colour has one more simple pattern drawn with white rangoli .  This kolam design was  will take 10 minutes to complete.

Colourful simple kolam for Margazhi 


The kolam is probably among the first free hand designs I have drawn in Rangoli-sans-dots with a generous use of colours. I thought it would be an apt design  if one wanted a colourful but simple free hand kolam for Margazhi and so I shifted it here from its original place.   Draw the basic design with straight and intersecting lines to get the geometric patterns.  Along this draw a border with straight lines.  The edges of the rangoli are decorated with leaves.  Fill the rangoli with colours and also  with orange lines. Add some more colourful patterns inside with pink colours and rhombuses on the outside. Two kolam pics showing the steps in drawing this design.

The kolam above is an intricate free hand design drawn first with white rangoli powder.  The circle at the centre has seven arms of odd shapes.  The gaps between the arms are filled with simple borders with two lines.  The rangoli is filled with different colours.  The gaps are filled with green colour.  Finally the rangoli is decorated inside and on the periphery with white colour. A beautiful rangoli for the festival season. Some of these designs may be suitable for those who want simple kolam but intricate one for Margazhi.


  The kolam in the image is also a free hand kolam with two types of motifs used on the edges of the central design and between them.  Fill with bright colours, as such colours are associated with Diwali. The patterns used are rhombus and paisley types. The bright colours give an enhanced effect though it is a very simple kolam. Choosing the right colours also matters.  A combination like pink, red and blue add to it pink made a design attractive even if it is simple.   Ultimately beauty and awesomeness are more important in rangoli designs whether it is   simple or intricate.                                             

Rangoli stencil  available in the market has been used to get the central  design. Place the stencil on the floor and using white powder fill up the stencil to get the central design.  After removing the stencil draw a free hand border with two parallel lines drawn simultaneously.  Around the border add four parallel line motifs on the sides and in the gaps - different patterns for sides and the gaps - are drawn.  The kolamcan be stopped this stage.  However I wanted to improve on it but make it simple.  So I added I used just one colour, green to get the design at the top. The green colour lines are added as shown between the white lines or parallel to the white lines.  They are also added to the central stencil design.  One more combination of stencil and kolam is ready.  A simple but different type of design.   The patterns chosen for the free hand part of the kolam should as far as possible match the design taken from the stencil There are 12 kolam below for Margazhi.2012  I liked kolam 9, 7, 5 and 4 and 3.  Hope you like all of them!! Please remember to like my Facebook page Rangoli sans dots.

Colourful free hand Margazhi kolam for 2012

The next important season after Diwali season for rangolis is of course Margazhi (aka Dhanur masam).  It is natural that Rangoli-sans-dots has a few kolangal  for this season.  It is during this month that we see some of the most beautiful rangolis drawn at the entrance or on the streets (particularly in Tamil  Nadu) with most of passers-by having a look at those drawn.  They may cast a glance or assess them, look in amazement or in awe.  Some stand there for some time trying to learn the method of drawing those rangolis by looking at them.  It is common to see ladies standing near a rangoli discussing the dots patterns used or method to be followed in the case of free hand kolams.  What needs to be factored in is the climate that is relatively cold and some times misty in the early morning.  This does not deter the ladies nor does it dampen  their enthusiasm for thirty days in the month  of Margazhi.  Some draw  alone, some  with their daughters ( this is one of the methods through which this  art is passed on from  generation to generation), some with their relatives and  others in groups with their neighbours or acquaintances.  During this month, it is normal to hear devotional songs being played from places nearby as early as 4.00 am or people in groups going around the streets performing bhajans,.  As young girls we used discuss the rangoli to  be drawn in the morning,  the previous night itself  but kept it as a secret so that we could surprise all with our design ( or so we thought!). Many a time our mother vetoed us and she decided what was to be drawn. We sisters obeyed silently and helped in  completing the rangoli.  As the youngest, I was usually given the task of filling up the colours which I did with religious fervour.  If it was a kolam  with dots, the dots were placed by my mother because our dots were never in  a straight line!  After finishing the rangoli we went to the temple nearby to pray.
 Definitely an  important time of the year for ladies to showcase their talents in drawing kolam.

Bright colours and the best kolam designs are associated with Margazhi and Diwali rangoli or kolam as we call them. Such colourful ( and sometimes elaborate ) designs can be drawn for weddings at the entrance for welcoming guests.  Hence dark and light pink, blue and yellow colours have been used in the kolam design with a central floral petal design below.  A simple but attractive design. Draw the floral design of the kolam at the centre with the eight pink petals.  Draw the contours in white in two layers.  Fill it with pink.  Between the petals add the patterns in green and red.  The gaps between the kolam centre and the border is filled with blue and pink patterns.  Finally place white dots on the pink petal designs.
This is another free hand  kolam design for Margazhi.  The central square has motifs of my choice on four sides and on the four edges.  I have chosen some leaf like patterns in green and brown.  ( We may consider it as the life of a leaf - green and brown the next day.  Probably it signifies the uncertainty of the life of a rangoli or kolam - I did not have any such idea in mind when I drew it ! I just drew it ).  Between the leaves are the patterns in pink that are decorated with white rangoli powder.  The centre has two shades of blue Different shades of blue at the centre and green on the motifs at the edges have given an awesome effect! I think.
In the kolam below, designs are simple ones that can been drawn with dots or free hand.  Seven such
kolangal are drawn surrounded by a kolam border drawn using leaves. The gaps are filled with kolam powder and that is time consuming.! Pink has been used for the central design nd red for the outer ones.The kolam design with two pairs of intersecting lines that are connectd with floral petals on the eight edges is a common and simple kolam, free hand design.  I have used them around a central kolam.  Instead of a border I have used leaf patterns for the border.
kolam-for-Margazhi-1c.jpgThis is  another free hand kolam.  Observe it closely to find four fish facing each other in this design.  The gaps between the fish are filled with designs of our choice.  Two shades of green and pink colours have been used for filling. How to draw it ? Draw the four borders around the fish first and connect them with patterns as shown in red and white.  Draw the fish kolam designs on the four sides facing the centre with white kolam powder. Fill the gaps with pink and two shades of green.  Filling the inside with dark green and the outside with light green gives a better effect than doing it the other way.Decorate the fish patterns with some colours. 
Some of the most colourful, most beautifully colourful animals are seen under the sea. In fact there is more colour under the sea than on land, I think.  What I have drawn is no comparison to what is found in nature.

The kolam on the right is a very simple design.  It has filled with used rangoli powder that I carefully preserve.  The design has been completed with green colour to make it more beautfiful. I have drawn quite a few kolam designs using the kolam powder mixture from an erased kolam.  Almost all of them have been drawn with white kolam powder.  For Margazhi season I wanted to try something different in kolam, yet simple. The result the kolam design below.  The kolam powder mixture is of  greyish pink colour I have drawn simple patterns that are leaf designs in and around a basic geometric shape and have the edges have been finished with light green colour to give this beautiful and awesome effect. ( I think ). Two images at the white kolam stage showing the steps for drawing this rather simple kolam made impressive by adding colours and colourful lines. This may be used as a margazhi kolam small design.



The kollam on the left is a simple free hand kolam design.  After drawing the basic kolam with white kolam powder, I have used a type of green and yellow colours to complete the kolamwith floral motifs, spiral patterns.  A simple but attractive design.  Though initially it may appear to be complicated it is a very easy design to draw.  As usual a rhombus at the centre ( looks like I depend on rhombus and floral patterns a lot for the central design ).  On the four sides the floral patterns with two petals connecting the side with a sepal are drawn.  A somewhat similar design is repeated on the edges.  The periphery is decorated with spiral patterns, straight lines and dots in white and yellow.  The green, yellow and white combination - in a free hand kolam - an awesome idea. Yes?The design above (right ) is drawn using kolam  powder used in the kolam below. When kolam drawn is erased or removed ( of course with a heavy heart ) the resultant mixture is of the colour shown  above.  Re-arrange the mixture to get a design of  your choice. Then make some simple decorations with white kolam powder and the result  is the design shown above. It is a combination of four birds and spiral patterns at the centre.
In case you are looking for some special kolam for Margazhi we can choose some of these colourful kolam

The free hand kolam below is a lotus design with four lotus and four lotus buds pointing towards a simple floral design at the centre.  The rangoli design is covered with a simple rangoli border.  The gaps between the flowers is filled with blue rangoli powder to complete the design. Lotus designs are considered auspicious as stated some where else in Rangoli-sans-dots hence the kolamdesign below would be suitable for festivals like Navaratri, Varalakshmi Pooja and Raksha Bandhan. The different shades of pink for the lotus add to the awesomeness of the kolam design. Lotus kolam designs with dots and free hand are in Lotus rangoli   

The central kolam design is with geometric shapes like triangles, hexagaon etc..  However the colours used in this are different as is also the final design. Start with two inverted triangles to form a star like design.  From the edges add more triangles and other geometric patterns. Complete it with white and pink designs on the outside.  The colours chosen for the inside of the kolam - shades of yellow and blue and red for the triangles give a beautiful effect to the kolam design.



The kolam above has some geometric patterns  resulting in a eight edges that are decorated with some motifs or designs.  The final image after applying colours .  The two images in black and white show two stages of this simple rangoli that becomes more beautiful when colours are added.  Though any design that is left plain and white is beautiful. If you compare this design and the previous one the central patterns are somewhat similar.

The third kolam design in this series for Margazhi.  A simple kolam  design at the centre filled with orange and green  colours.  Floral designs (lotus-like) are drawn on the four sides with lotus or floral buds.  Filling up with rangoli powder of different colours as in this kolam takes a lot of time. I have used some motifs that I regularly use for kolam designs.  A Margazhi kolam that competes with few others in this collection.                                                  

Free hand kolam for Margazhi

festival-kolam-1.jpgThe second kolam in this series.  The rangoli has layers of flower designs starting from the centre to the periphery.  I have added purple and blue hues to get an altogether different appearance.  Finally with white rangoli powder the central simple design has been drawn. Start with the curved lines with curlicues at the centre.  Expand the kolam around this design with pink, green and shades of violet.  Fill the centre with blue.
The first kolam for Margazhi season.  A simple design with four motifs about a central design with four leaf
like motifs in the gaps.  After filling the kolam with colours I have used white and blue colours at the centre to make it more attractive. Pink and white colours have been used in the outer designs . The decorations after completing filling up of colours that has been done with green , pink and white colours make it appear different from other designs that are left without these additions.                                                    
More rangolis  for margazhi are in the previous post -margazhi season and rangoli. and in my YouTube channel Rangolisansdots 

The rangoli on the right can be drawn with   11 dots to 1 dot pattern.


Among the popular arts in India, mehendi needs a special mention.  It has been there for centuries. A few decades back, leaves of the henna plant were plucked and made into a paste and applied on the palms and  feet.  Now, commercial mehendi cones are available and intricate patterns are drawn on  the hands using them.   In a wedding, it is common to see mehendi decorations on the bride's hands.  Her friends and relatives also join the wedding celebrations by applying mehandi decorations on their hands.  It is called henna-tattoo  in the  West.

In this post I have uploaded twelve freehand kolam for margali ( I updated this post with many more kolam designs from my collection for Margali maadham ) .   I have tried to see that  all kolam are as unique as humanly possible.  Like Diwali this season is also one of my favourites.  In Tamil Nadu the entire  month (December 15 - January 15) is celebrated with joy as described earlier in Rangoli-sans-dots.   The New Year is also celebrated in  different parts of the world including India.  Christmas is also celebrated in many parts of the world during this  period.  At the end of margazhi you have Pongal in Tamil  Nadu,  Makara Sankranti in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka.The transition  of the Sun to  the sun sign Capricorn is celebrated as Makara Sankranti.  Overall it is time  for celebrations and to  forget our worries and troubles for some time.  I have tried various designs and patterns in the kolam with colours sprayed on many of them, two are simple and have tried with just one or two colours.  As usual, they have geometric patterns, flowers (lotus, buds) , animals (fish) and a few symmetrical  designs. Probably, the kolam with geometric patterns have some influence of mandalas (literally a circle or cycle).  I think that some rangoli / kolam  (when viewed from the top) represent simple mandalas.      While the above kolams are for Margazhi and festivals like Navaratri in South India, in the northern part of India one can find such rangoli during Holi and Diwali.

(Update: I would like to upload colourful free hand rangoli for Holi and Diwali 2013!)

Kolam with dots for Margazhi in Rangolisansdots

9 dots kolam designs
11 dots kolam 
15 dots kolam
19 to 21 dots kolam

The rose kolam  and 20 plus kolam / muggulu videos from Rangolisansdots my YouTube is at Margazhi kolangal a playlist 30 minutes long