Special rangoli designs

Simple freehand kolam gallery for Navratri,  Tamil New Year  and Deepavali

This post was originally meant to have few  free hand rangoli designs.  Since I have some more in my collection, that I have drawn and stored,  I thought I would add some more rangoli in the existing posts .  Hence more have been added   as a result some designs for small free hand rangoli . Also I plant to update this post with simple free hand rangoli designs as and when I can divert them from other posts or can draw them. They may be used without colours  with colours for special occasions. Some rangoli designs in Rangolisansdots including a few here may qualify to be categorised under ezhai kolam.  Ezhai in Tamil refers to a very thin line - literally one of the strands that twine to form a thread is called ezhai ( nool ezhai ).  Similarly kolam drawn with thin lines may be referred to as an ezhai kolam design. Ezhai may also refer to kolam done with lot of ( thin ) lines as we have in padi kolam.

I have written about how a rangoli can progress from a basic design in an older post. The final rangoli depends upon the imagination one can achieve.  Of course, time and space are important constraints.The images below are examples to show how a  (free  hand) rangoli evolves, expands and keeps expanding.

For free hand muggu designs - the rangoli grows from the centre or in other words radiates from the centre.  Hence the central pattern is very important in the final design that we get.  The simpler the central pattern the simpler will be the final design.  There are a number of common patterns that are regularly used in these type of rangoli designs.  I have uploaded the central designs from various kolam / rangoli drawn in the past and present in  Rangoli-sans-dots.

This post may also have answers to

How to draw a free hand rangoli design or designer rangoli
step by step method to draw a free hand rangoli or free hand kolam

Now for some small rangoli without dots with colour

  The rangoli below shows the rangoli.  after it is filled with colours, for festivals of joy like Holi, Navaratri and Diwali


 This rangoli (on the left ) is also a type of flower design at the centre and along the edge of each flower motifs are drawn to get a free hand rangoli in the image above.  Then finally the gaps are filled with white, brown, red, light pink  and blue lines to match the colours filled in the basic rangoli.  The remaining gaps are filled with colourful dots of different colours instead of filling up the entire area with colour rangoli powder.,

Some double stroke kolam designs 


Kolam or rangoli can also be drawn free hand or without dots in addition to those drawn with dot templates.  Rangoli sans dots literally means rangoli without dots and hence I have to post some to justify the name! Of course there many that are already there in Rangoli-sans-dots. So here a pair of rangoli or kolam without dots.  As has been the case of many designs drawn by me, they have been drawn with parallel lines.  Start with intersecting parallel lines to form the central designs, from the each edge add two more parallel lines to form the basic rangoli.  Around this add designs as shown or as you wish.  Plain and white kolam or rangoli are as beautiful as those filled with colours.  So this pair one left plain and the other filled with colours to give us an idea of how the rangoli looks with and without colours added.  I have stated in the earliest posts that it is easier to fill colours for a parallel or double line design given the nature of the rangoli.  The more intricate or closer the patterns the easier it is because the area for filling up with colours reduces.  We can complete the rangoli with a few lines drawn along the white rangoli design.
  Free hand rangoli designs with and without colours are also there in Rangoli - double lines


The next  design is a   free hand kolam and drawn with parallel lines . The first one has a rhombus like pattern drawn at the centre.  From the four edges we have four petals and between any two petals another floral petal pattern.  The entire kolam is surrounded by a simple kolam border with many small circular patterns and four spiral patterns as shown.  Just two colours brown and blue are used in this kolam.

Another double stroke kolam / rangoli



Now for some more simple rangoli designs and how to draw some of them.  The one above has four parallelogram like designs and edges are decorated with diyas and other motifs.  The gaps between are filled with designs of our choice. Colours are drawn parallel to the basic design in white to get the image below.  A simple but beautiful design. The entire rangoli has been drawn with parallel lines.  Drawing rangoli with parallel lines needs practice.  Once we become comfortable designs can be completed quickly and only the gaps between the lines have to be filled with colours to make a beautiful rangoli.

Colourful rangoli for Holi a festival of colours

The rangolis below shows designs  after they are filled with colours, for festivals of joy like Holi, Navaratri and DiwaliHoli is ant important festival  ( or event or celebration ) in March.  Celebrated on the full moon day in the month of Phalghuna (February - March in the English calender ).  One of the most joyous festivals celebrated in India, it is associated with colours - spraying of colours as powder, mixed with water.
It has been quite some time since I last shared a parallel lines rangoli design ( I have been attempting them with different colours and not in white ).  Hence I thought Holi would be an apt festival for sharing my 
thoughts through some parallel line rangoli design also because they have become popular in (through ) Rangoli-sans-dots.  This is again a simple design with a star pattern at the centre that evolves into a beautiful rangoli bordered with patterns around it all with parallel lines.  As usual fill colours.  We can also try to draw this on a carpet of rangoli powder so that the empty spaces in between are not visible ( like Sanskar Bharathi designs ). Then  we may have to choose the colour combination to match with the rangoli carpet in the background.  There are quite a few white parallel lines rangoli in Rangoli designs-lines


This rangoli design below is the next one in this series for Holi festival.  The central pattern, I have added a different colour for each arm. Add floral designs on the border.  The remaining space is filled a colour of our choice with some plain designs.  The result a very colourful and beautiful rangoli design for Holi ( for rangoli related festivals like Diwali ). Also can be drawn as a free hand Margazhi kolam the season for kolam when we find colourful kolam designs through out Tamil Nadu

This is also quite a popular motif that is used in rangoli and any other form of art.  The eight arms can be made colourful as shown.  Since there is little space between any two arms the areas  above the arms can expand according to our imagination. A close up shown in the image below

Rangoli evolved from an erased rangoli design


 This is yet another rangoli design using a mixture of rangoli colours at the centre.  The mixture is sprinkled and arranged to get the star shaped design at the centre.  Then using a cotton bud floral petal shapes are drawn at the centre. That is filled with bright blue colours to get the floral design as shown.  Now using parallel line designs the star is decorated with various motifs or patterns.  Only two colours pink and blue have been added to the white rangoli design.  It is a simple but different rangoli design and so special

    Rangoli on water a special free hand rangoli design for Diwali                                           



The next rangoli design i is a special design for Navratri.  It is a rangoli on water. Though it appears difficult it is actually simple to draw.  Obviously, rangoli  (powder ) alone is not sufficient to draw a rangoli design on water because the pattern disintegrates on water.  So rice flour is added to water.  (some add what is called French chalk powder ). Then it becomes easier to draw.  A free hand design in water has been shown in the image below. An important rangoli art using rangoli craft ! It can be used as a decoration idea for Navratri kolu (an arrangement of dolls on steps ) and Diwali too.
There is a  video above showing how to draw this rangoli desing in the image above and on my YouTube channel    

Free hand rangoli and  stencil combination is also possible,  it is a very simple design.  Place the rangoli stencil on the floor, fill the stencil - half with white and half with purple - any other colour combination can also be used.  After removing the stencil add free hand decorations and fill the left side with purple colour and right with white colour to complete the rangoli.

Rangoli craft - new designs for Diwali


.Rangoli is an art and the term rangoli art is quite commonly used.  I would prefer to call these designs rangoli craft because I have not followed the traditional method of drawing rangoli designs with rangoli powder.  What I have done in these and in some rangoli in the past posts is that I have obtained a pattern by rearranging the rangoli colours mixture in the first design and in the second design I have made use of a stencil to get a stencil-rangoli combo.  These techniques have already been used in Rangoli-sans-dots.  Only I have devoted a separate post and unique name for these designs - rangoli craft.

The first rangoli,  when it is erased, the accumulated rangoli powder is used as a central design  (I find it painful to remove a rangoli). Please notice the slight difference in colour of the central patterns of the above rangolis. Simple patterns  including straight, curved lines and simple geometric patterns as shown are drawn around the periphery of the centre.  Thus using very few colours also we can draw a decent rangoli.
This design. I think it is the most beautiful    Carefully using a stencil decorate the flower with motifs from the stencil so there is space at the centre. Then draw the pink flower at the centre.   The space in between is filled with purple colour with light blue dots.  Using single and parallel lines designs expand the rangoli after surrounding it with a double line floral border.  More decorations with spiral patterns, rhombuses and very small circles are used to decorate it further. Another special and different design.

Different and unique rangoli for Diwali using cotton buds


This is a new rangoli design drawn by the following this method - . The rangoli  above when it is erased, the resultant powder mixture is formed in  the shape of a circle to get the central rangoli which is decorated (!) using a cotton ear bud.  Then simple patterns plain or colours are drawn around the central design to obtain  the second design.  Colourful  circles in blue and  orange have been drawn for placing lamps for Diwali  or Karthigai deepam festival.   

The rangoli below is also evolved from a previously drawn rangoli..  The central design is obtained from the rangoli powder of an erased rangoli.  It is made into the shape of a circle and then using ear buds the design according to get a design our imagination .  Then it is decorated with free hand borders using white and pink colours to get the final design below. Placing white dots along the pink border enhances the appeal of the rangoli design. 

Diwali rangoli  - a simple Sanskar Bharati design

  No kolam or rangoli collection can be complete without one of the most beautiful methods of drawing kolam - Sanskar Bharti rangoli design.  So, I have added a simple and semi-circular kolam with free hand patterns above a carpet of red, blue and green colours.  Since I use the traditional method of drawing kolam even for this type there may be some differences between the classical Sanskar Bharti designs and the ones I draw.  However the idea or theme is the same.  

Simple Sanskar Bharti rangoli designs drawn with traditional method of drawing kolam

sanskar-bharti-rangoli-1.jpgSanskar Bharti rangoli is another famous type of rangoli that is quite popular in Maharastra.  In Tamil Nadu we draw the rangoli and fill it with colours, in this type we fill the colours to provide a background or carpet first.  One or more colours are used.  The rangoli is then drawn free hand with white rangoli powder. Though it was originally drawn only with fingers, now accessories like tea filter to spread the background and accessories to draw the white rangoli are used.  However I have tried with hand filling the colours in the background with fingers, the way we fill colours for kolam or rangoli.  First semi-circular or circular patterns are drawn. I have tried semi-circular patterns and later will venture into circular and square background patterns.
Draw a semi-circular lines with blue colours to delineate the colours.  Now fill the band between the blue lined with blue colour and the bottom with orange colour rangoli powder.  The back ground is ready and we are free to draw free hand designs according to our imagination.  In the first image I have drawn some simple patterns with the orange region and then expanded it to the blue region.

rangoli-sanskar-bharti-3.jpgThe second sanskar bharati design has a semi circular carpet with rangoli powder of red, pink and blue colours.  From the bottom start with a free hand lotus that is decorated with spiral designs and lines and dots to get an attractive rangoli
 The third rangoli sanskar bharti type is an improvement of the second as is evident from the image.  I have added some spiral, curved and straight lines outside the carpet to get an even more shall I say beautiful sanskar bharti rangoli. 
This series has semi-circular or half circle type Sanskar Bharti type rangoli designs
Instead of the usual method of filling the colours in the semi-circles using a tea filter ( the semi- circles or circles are drawn with a piece of chalk tied to a thread ) I have followed the method I usually follow for filling colours with fingers.  The picture below demonstrates it.


The difference between the rangoli above  and other rangoli is that this rangoli drawn using a different method  ( a method similar to sanskar bharathi rangoli ).  The background is filled with rangoli powder,   I preserve the used rangoli powder from the designs I draw and have used it as background. as I wrote in the previous paragraph. ( after all rangoli is an ephimeral art and so lasts for a very short time ). After forming a circular background, the flower design ) is drawn using orange colour to form the patterns. The  the border is also filled with simple patterns. We can add more patterns in the remaining spaces too..

Some simple diya rangoli as theme for Diwali

This is a freehand rangoli for Diwali (Deepavali in South India,  particularly Tamil Nadu) season.  I am back to my inclination to use birds in my free hand rangoli.  To reflect the mood of the current festival season,  I have added a couple of diyas also.  Obviously, this basic idea is to be decorated to  complete the rangoli hence the flowers around the basic design.  After  a long time I have used 'used rangoli powder' to fill the vacant spaces in the  design. For the benefit of viewers, used rangoli powder has been utilised (Oh no! I have .....  the word "used" too many times in two sentences) in some rangoli designs in Rangoli-sans-dots.

Kundan rangoli - artificial rangoli

Kundan - literally means gems and stones.  There is a long history of kundan designs so far as jewellery with precious stones is concerned.  Since Rangoli-sans-dots  is on rangoli and few other arts and craft, we will confine to kundan rangoli designs.  Obviously we use simple and cheap trinkets available in the market.  What I have used are the trinkets I use for jewellery making.  So, the rangoli designs here may look different from the usual models.  Of course for our imagination, sky is the limit and I feel we have the freedom to use it to design our own kundan rangoli designs.  I have mounted on an OHP sheet, the trinkets suitably stuck to it with glue.  We can collect as many individual designs as we want, re-arrange them and use in different combinations to different designs.


The next design is somewhat different. I have used the OHP sheet to get some petal like designs and the central circular portion of a flower.  The central portion has been decorated with kundan (stones in green colour).  The petals and the carpel are further beautified with colours using 3D glitter and glass colours.  A simple home made rangoli design and easy too.


The next rangoli in this series is a kundan rangoli design that has been got by rearranging a couple of  designs.  The central design formed with OHP sheet and kundan stones, and the green petal or bindi like shapes belong to one rangoli and the outer mango shaped patterns formed with red kundan stones and gold coloured strings pasted on an OHP sheet is from another designs.  Since a kundan rangoli can usually be disassembled into its elements it is easy to combine two or more elements to get a totally new design.  Thus if we make some basic patterns that are meant for the centre and some that are for the arms it is possible to get combination of rearranged kundan rangoli designs  and the number depends on the number of elements.  In the image below is one such design.  


          The next rangoli design with kundan is shown in the photo .  Ready made trinkets in the design that are available are stuck at the centre and around to get a very simple kundan design.

 It is possible to create simple bird patterns using kundan theme. Draw the outline of a bird on an OHP sheet, cut to get the bird pattern.  Paste golden beads ( or chain ) along the pattern.  Add kundan stones inside the pattern as shown to get a very simple and easy birds design.  A mirror image of this design can also be created so that both can be juxtaposed with floral patterns in between to get a more beautiful kundan rangoli design.



Diya rangoli designs are one of the most sought after themes for festivals like Diwali amd Karthigai Deepam festival in Tamil Nadu.  There is a video in my YouTube channel that is  a collection of diya rangoli designs from various posts. All of them are free hand designs however some can be drawn with dots  A compilation of simple and colourful designs.  

Kundan rangoli design with Diyas for Diwali

The kundan rangoli design I designed has been added for Diwali 2013.  As I have already emphasised diya or diya designs are closely associated with Diwali and few other festivals.  Cut an OHP sheet into a circular shape.  The red, green and transparent kundan stones are stuck on the sheet.  Use a high quality glue to simplify the sticking process.  The four diya shaped designs are also got by drawing the design on an OHP sheet using OHP marker pen.  Also, one shape can be drawn, cut and using this as a template other designs can be obtained.  Alternatively the shape can be drawn on a cardboard piece and the diya designs are got using this as a template.  The gold coloured strings are stuck along the diya pattern to get a more beautiful effect. However, the lighting effect that can be seen on the image is incidental and was not done on purpose!

How to make a kundan rangoli on OHP sheet at home

The following images takes us through the steps needed for making an element of a kundan rangoli design

Make a template 
Pin an OHP sheet on tissue paper with OHP sheet on top

 Insert the template so that it is below the OHP sheet and is visible
Apply glue along the contours of the template

Paste the beads carefully with pincers
The image below shows the completed element of kundan rangoli .  Make many such elements to get a rearrangable kundan rangoli

Cd rangoli design

Drawing a free hand rangoli on a Cd ( a reusable craft from cd ) is also a good idea for decoration during Diwali or Navratri.  Draw a simple rangoli with 3D outliners or we can draw a pattern with pencil and then trace with 3D outliners.  Then fill with different colours with glass colours.  We should make thick lines of the rangoli so that the glass colours do not spill out.  I have made six rangoli designs with compact disks with the same patterns and one at the centre with a different pattern.

Since there is some degree of similarity among rangoli art, mehndi design and fabric art I attempt to use one design in another.  Hence the mehndi design from a birds kolam design from Rangoli-sans-dots . A similar simple birds and fruits design around a central floral design has been adopted in the mehndi pattern.            
Mehndi designs are also popular particularly during Diwali, I have tried the rangoli pattern below for a mehndi design on an OHP sheet.  Of course,  designs that are more intricate can be tried in the future. Mehndi pattern is also called henna tattoo in some countries.  This rangoli was drawn by me for a simple Diwali rangoli theme.

   One of my parallel line rangoli , drawn as a simple mehndi design with mehndi or henna cone on an OHP sheet.  Given the nature of free hand rangoli, mehndi designs and art like fabric art, mirror art it is many times easy to use one design on different medium.  That is what I am also trying.  Of course each method has its own advantages and disadvantages and hence constraints.   In this case it is very difficult (almost impossible ) to draw two parallel lines with mehndi cone so I have tried a single line design.    

1) Why do we use rangoli stencils
Rangoli stencils are ready made rangoli designs that are available in the market. All we have to do is to sprinkle the colours on the stencil to get beautiful rangoli.  It is an easy method of making rangoli for those who want to try this art, admire this art and want go get involved in making rangoli. As shown above with stencils too many combinations are possible.  If one practises free hand designs can be added around the stencils.  However, rangoli stencils should only supplement rangoli designs, in my opinion and not replace them!

Drawing kolam with a cotton bud -  In this method, adding the pattern in the groove formed by the cotton bud ( or pencil ) is the trick. The design at the top has also been drawn using the same method.  Sprinkle the rangoli powder on a sheet.  Using the fore finger draw some simple patterns and fill them . I try to keep the patterns as simple as possible.  We can have more intricate designs too.

Diwali is a special festival that calls for special rangoli designs.  There are video is a collection of a few rangoli designs, from the rangoli designs I have drawn.  They are a combination of stencil rangoli and free hand design, rangoli designs evolved from rangoli erased and the rangoli powder rearranged.   All are in my YouTube Channel Rangolisansdots.       

The period between August and March is when the use of rangolis for various festivals is maximum.  During Navaratri (Dussehra) , Diwali, Sankranthi the atmosphere is many parts of India is festive.  Rangolis form an important part of the festivities.  In some parts of India i.e Tamil Nadu between 2nd week of December and 2nd week of January, rangolis decorate whole streets and there is a healthy competition among all households in a street to draw the best rangoli.   Many people including kids  draw rangolis as  early as 4.30am.  The result is a convivial ambience. This month is called Margazhi in Tamil.  Just as we have kite festivals. Dandiya etc. in other parts of India this month we can find hundreds and hundreds of rangolis or kolams as they are called in Tamil drawn at the entrance of many a house.  The designs vary from rangoli without dots, rangoli with dots, sikku kolams that form an endless loop.  Sikku literally means knot in Tamil.  These kolams can tie one in knots particularly the bigger ones when the dot template is big.  The beginning or end of a completed rangoli cannot be traced. One has to practice a lot to draw these type of designs.  But they can be challenging and one gets a satisfaction when she/he completes the kolam.  I would also like to draw a few in Rangoli-sans-dots - but I have to concentrate on rangoli  without dots because that is the main theme of Rangoli-sans-dots. 

Freehand plain rangolis are relatively simple and one should find them easy to draw with practice. Rangoli that are drawn on a daily basis are generally without dots and there are some competitions that permit only white rangoli images to be drawn without any colourful decorations so that judges  have an idea of the intricacy with which a rangoli was drawn ( because it is possible to cover-up some mistakes done during drawing a rangoli with colours added ).  People who are aware of the culture of Tamil Nadu will know that kolam is daily in the morning and in the evening ( we can see two or more kolam designs also at the entrance of some houses and invariably they are drawn plain with white rangoli powder. Kolam designs like padi kolam, sikku designs and arisi maavu ( rice flour paste ) are drawn plain and at the most decorated with a red border in case of auspicious occasions.   Hence plain rangoli design are very important for learning rangoli, practising them and for daily use too.  Hence in Rangolisansdots I have captured some designs in the plain stage with my camera and uploaded them and some posts meant for colouring activity so that the pleasure of viewing rangoli and practising them is doubled - with the plain and colourful designs.     

Also in Rangoli-sans-dots 

Videos of some of the rangoli designs shown above on my rangoli YouTube channel  for rangoli videos at - free hand rangoli designs