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Flower rangoli designs


Floral designs are one of the most used in rangoli design. Obviously, we are heavily dependent on nature for our rangoli designs.The next important festivals are Holi and Ugadi in 2013.  Holi is a festival of colours celebrating the arrival of spring among other things.  There are also many legends associated with it.  Probably colours are used abundantly during Holi because during spring we see the  colourful flowers blooming every where (It is my opinion or guess!) (Colourful) rangoli will be congruous with colourful Holi. . The rangoli designs here will not have only flowers or floral designs in the literal sense, they may have flowers or parts of flowers like only petals, petal like motifs.  However, let me start with a very simple design.
These designs can be used for festivals like Diwali and Margazhi too when there is a lot of emphasis on colourful rangoli designs

lotus kolam for festivals

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Since we live in Tamil Nadu we celebrate  Ugadi or Gudi Padava (our New Year ) and Tamil New Years Day.  Obviously more the festivals more the joy and fun.   This rangoli , has a padi kolam at the centre expanded with free hand floral designs with pink lotuses at the periphery.  Added to this design is a free hand rangoli border and blue lotuses.  The central floral design is filled with rangoli  on which simple designs in yellow have been added. I have added as many colours as possible to make the rangoli beautiful (!).  I hope it has come out well. 
Flower kolam without dots  After one rangoli with dots the next one is a free hand design.   The design below, a simple floral design that can be drawn for festivals like Varalakshmi Vratham and Navratri.  It shows layers of petals one above the other.  We can add any number of layers.  However, I have restricted it to three to make the design simple and also to save time.   Add some leaf patterns around the petals.  Adding alternate white and pink colour gives a beautiful effect.  The two smaller images below show two stages in this rangoli design.
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lotus kolam without dots 

                                
Two images  showing two steps in drawing the lotus rangoli ( or mandala )


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Lotus is considered important in rangoli   Above I have tried my version of a lotus kolam for Margazhi.  The Hridaya kamalam is a lotus viewed from the top.  This mandala (or rangoli) above has the side views of four lotuses at right angles to each other.  The pattern at the centre can be drawn as shown in the image or we can draw any pattern suitable to draw four lotuses above and around it.  First the three-petal motif is drawn and then four flowers are drawn on the four sides. Fill with pink and any other colour to complete the design. If required a circular border can be drawn around it  . Since it is an auspicious symbol this design  can be used for festivals like Varalakshmi Pooja,  Raksha Bandhan and Navaratri.

Thamarai kolam design
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The second design in our theme with lotus rangoli .  Four lotuses and four smaller ones have been drawn.  As usual draw the central free hand design.  You can  choose a convenient design of your choice.  The only factor is to see to it that the number of petals or any other pattern will decide the number of flowers above them.  I usually choose pink for lotus and so all  are pink in colour.  The four smaller lotuses are special additions to this rangoli to make it more pleasing.

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Lotus is one of my favourites in  free hand rangolis along with rose and I presume that it is so for most women.  Hence it is not surprising that lotuses have been used by me in the rangolis posted so far.  Lotus has religous and philosophical connotations. (I am a novice in both areas). Lotus rangolis can be drawn for Lakshmi Pooja and Saraswathi Pooja.  Lotus is associated with both Goddesses Lakshmi and Saraswathi as also some  other deities.  The rangoli below is a free hand rangoli design.  Draw the central free hand design.  Add four lotuses on four sides with five petals as shown.  Around the rangoli draw a single line border to match the shape of the design inside.  Fill the area between the border and the flowers with light green. Colour the lotuses pink.  The remaining areas are finished with red and blue colours.  Decorate the rangoli further with white powder to get the final image.  Two versions are shown in the two pictures.
Many a rangoli with  a lotus design drawn with or without dots has been drawn in Rangoli-sans-dots. . No collection of lotus rangoli can be complete without the famous and auspicious Hridaya kamalam that is drawn on Fridays and festivals like Varalakshmi Vratham.  An important point to be noted is that most lotus rangoli designs  show the side view of the lotus whereas the Hridaya Kamlam is probably the only rangoli design with lotus that is drawn with the top view of the flower in the  mind.                                                                              

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This is a simple but beautiful free hand rangoli.  The central pattern is a simple plus.  It is surrounded with four curved lines.  Lotus  like motifs, four numbers have been added on the four sides.  Two petal flower designs have been added between the lotuses.  The rangoli is covered with a border with straight lines bent at right angles to match the design inside.  Lots of straight lines are drawn in the two parallel lines on the border.  More simple designs and dots are added inside the rangoli to make it more attractive.  The remaining gaps can also be filled with bright colours but we need fifteen to twenty minutes then to complete the entire rangoli.  A simple lotus design.

Free hand rangoli with four lotus patterns

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rangoli-lotus-4.jpg    Two floral free hand rangolis,with lotus designs.  The first rangoli has four leaves at the centre and hence the colour green.  On each leaf is attached a lotus by the stalk.  Four such lotuses have been drawn, two blue and two pink.  The rangoli is surrounded by leaf borders, free hand type, for a change instead of the lines drawn with parallel or single lines.  The leaves on the border have been coloured green.  The remaining areas can also be filled with suitable bright colours.  The second rangoli is also a lotus design with four flowers attached to the central pattern that is filled with blue and red colours.  The rangoli is surrounded by a simple white border to match the outline of the lotuses.  The gaps are filled with dark green colour.  Lotus is very important in rangoli drawing. Actually nature is very important in rangoli design.  Flowers like lotus and rose are used a lot.  The liberty in free hand rangoli drawing is, as stated earlier, it is not necessary to depict the actual flower as in painting but to be as close as possible.  After all we are drawing with commercial rangoli  and hence it has its own limitations.


rangoli-desing-simple-5jpgThe rangoli on the left (with blue and brown petals) is another of the many floral designs I have tried in Rangoli-sans-dots The flower at the centre has been surrounded by one more flower.  The edges of the petals of the outer flower and in between them some simple patterns have been drawn.  Then colourful lines are drawn inside the rangoli to get the image as seen below.  In both designs the gaps can be filled with colour rangoli powder.  It will be more suited to the design above.  The floral pattern below looks nice even without this enhancement.  Hence probably it is better to leave it as it is. Two intermediate steps for this simple rangoli in the pictures below for reference though the image in colour is itself self explanatory.

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kolam design free hand floral pattern

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This kolam design  a very colourful and hence beautiful free hand design that has been added for joyfully celebrated festivals like Navratri and Diwali.  It is a kolam design with flowers as a theme and obviously flowers have to be very colourful. However I have taken the liberty of adding different colours to the petals.  From the image, the central floral kolam with pink and green petals is surrounded by another flower with orange petals.  The outer side is decorated with petal or leaf like designs decorated with spiral patterns and colourful lines on the top.  Between these two is a simple border with a mixture of orange , pink and purple colours to get the colour that is somewhat close to purple. A colourful free hand kolam design with floral petals.    

How to make a rangoli - floral patterns in few steps


In rangoli kolam designs flowers play an important part - in fact nature plays an important role.  It is easy for us to take designs and colours from nature - patterns, designs and colours are there everywhere around us.  There are many methods through which floral designs can be represented in a rangoli.  I would like to show some of them in Rangoli-sans-dots. Invariably I start with free hand designs true to the nature of name - Rangolisansdots.  I will update with some simple floral designs with dots - basic designs 

This is the first type where we have two layers of petals - this can be used to represent the petals or corolla that are lobed and have multiple layers of petals.  I have shown two layers .  We can add more.  The two images show the step by step procedure.
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This is another version of flower rangoli design with the central portion more pronounced with a single layer of petals ( or corolla ) that are arranged beautifully and symmetrically around the - shall we call it stamen !
Nature is really awesome , isn't it ?  These hand drawn patterns are a humble attempt by us ( humans ) to imitate nature. The two images below show the steps for this rangoli
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Making a floral pattern in a rangoli or kolam with dots is also an important element in drawing rangoli / kolam.  One of the simplest methods through which a six petal flower is drawn as shown in the image below.  Connect the dots through three straight lines intersecting at a point as shown.  Three dots are connected at a time to get a small floral design.  Connect the ends of the lines through petal like shapes as shown in the photo.  Drawing curved lines to make the petal appear as lobed makes the design appear more naturalistic and more beautiful.

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Floral petals through steps in rangoli 



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The image at the top shows in four steps how a floral design can be drawn.  The first three steps have floral petals representing flowers. The final image shows four patterns with leaves added to get a simple leaves and petals design. Of course this can be further expanded as we wish. .   This post will invariably have free hand rangoli designs in this theme on floral or (near floral !) designs.                               
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On the top a floral rangoli design - in three ( simple) steps.   It starts from a series of lines radiating from a small circle.  Around these are drawn the floral petal designs ( in step 2 ) .  The rangoli is finished as shown in the colourful rangoli at the bottom.  Here our imagination comes into play and the patterns and designs can be added according to our imagination but the same time matching the basic designs.  Add colours to complete the colourful design.

Theme - Floral petals and leaves - patterns or motifs in rangoli
The white rangoli design is a combination of petals and leaves drawn free hand.  Draw the central leaves on four sides.  Expand the rangoli - two leaves on either side forming an arch with petals above and inside.  Four such motifs on all sides help us complete it
                                             
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The theme of this post is nature, naturally(!) because without nature where from will I get my rangoli designs. Under nature this post will be on flowers and petals and more specifically floral  petals and leaf.  The free hand design above has four leaf patterns as the base around which we have floral designs.  Usually many rangoli designs, at least drawn by me have a flower at the centre.  This is to try something different.  Around the four leaves green in colour, we have more leaf patterns between them and above them.  The rangoli is finally decorated with pink petals to complete the design. I have used a combination of blue and green leaf patterns, the central green leaf patterns being the more dominant.  The pink and orange designs represent floral patterns.  Around them at the top are tendril like shapes.  Where ever possible I have added curlicues as they are commonly used by nature too ! It is as if nature challenges us to copy her if we can.  
In this series of rangoli with petals and leaves in the theme - nature, yet another free hand rangoli designs joins this group.  The rangoli design below, I mean.  Draw the rhombus shape at the centre ( if start with some simple geometric patterns we should not have a starting problem !).  Decorate the four edges with three petal flowers.  Between the flowers the leaves grow out on either side.  The leaves are coloured green and all the pink designs are floral petals!.  Complete the design with a border in pink and white as shown with the lines matching the contours of the designs.  The gaps can also be filled up with a suitable colour to get a more awesome rangoli design.  Some patterns are added at the centre in orange.
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The  rangoli  below is also a simple floral design with decorations on all four sides and between the petals with a simple border surrounding it. Fill up the gaps with any one colour of our choice.  This has to be done carefully and patiently to avoid colour spilling onto the already drawn design.  However the result will be very attractive.

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Flower kolam without dots with leaves

     
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Many kolam in Rangoli-sans-dots are drawn without any preparation. Very few finishing touches are given. All are of the 'no frills' type.  The idea is to get an image as one would when she/he draws on the floor.I felt that this method  would  ensure  that the images uploaded are congruous with or closer to to our real life. Above, one more rangoli for the upcoming festival season,  a combination of petals and leaves. As stated elsewhere, we have to borrow a lot from nature for our rangoli designs - flowers, leaves, birds are usually used for our designs. Draw the flower design at the centre with seven petal.  From each petal draw leaves extending outward with three smaller leaves extending inward.   All the leaves are interconnected with simple patterns in blue.  The flower is filled with pink colour and leaves, obviously, green.  Some simple patterns at the centre and circles around the circumference complete the rangoli.  The gaps that are seen can also be filled with a bright colour..  We can also decorate the periphery with designs using white rangoli powder. or with any other colour/colours to suit this design.  The options are many.
Floral patterns or motifs in rangoli

Next some rangoli designs that are not completely flower rangoli designs but using some motifs representing flowers     
The next two are also fully or partly floral designs  i.e floral rangoli designs may not be only rangoli with flowers or flower patterns.  They may also have parts of a flower or patterns or motifs representing flowers or some parts of a rangoli  may be with flower patterns along with other motifs or designs.     The firstrangoli is not exactly a complete floral design.  I have used different motifs and one of them is a flower design in red  and purple on the four sides of the central design.  The rangoli after finishing with colours will  be as shown in the respective  image 
The second one is a truly flower rangoli.  Draw a small circle.  Around it draw petals as shown in  the figure.  Draw as many as possible to get a beautiful flower like marigold .  Decorate the edges of the petals as shown above.  Around the flower use pink colour floral designs and other motifs of your choice to get the final  image.    

                                       
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How this rangoli is made -   Two images showing the steps.
                                             
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Special type of rangoli using floral petals - different but simple 
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Two intermediate stages of the rangoli one at the beginning and one when it is nearing completion.
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The floral petal pattern at the centre can be drawn with 8 petals, 16 petals and 32 petals depending upon the surrounding patterns we use.  In this rangoli I have used thirty two petals at the centre.  This is done by drawing eight petals around a circle, then drawing eight more between any two petals resulting in sixteen petals.  Again draw 16 more petals between any two petals to get 32 petals. Such thin lines are drawn for ezhai kolam designs in which we have patterns formed with ezhai like ( strand of a thread of string ! ) lines.

Floral patterns in double line kolam

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The  rangoli is a beautiful(!) and attractive design,  filled with colours.  As usual draw the floral pattern at the centre and  the flower  on the border with double lines.  At the edge of each petal  of the flower add the leaf-like and jewel-like patterns.  Fill the rangoli with colours (the whole rangoli is not filled when drawn with parallel lines) to get the final design. The eight arms  have floral petals along the side but I feel vaguely resemble the tentacles of an octopus!


Floral rangoli on OHP sheets

Drawing rangoli through the traditional method that as been discussed , described in Rangoli-sans-dots in detail . Occasionally we should digress from our traditional route .  So this post on drawing a rangoli on an OHP ( over head projector ) sheet that is commonly available in the market.  

There are two methods of drawing a rangoli on an OHP sheet. One we can directly draw the design on the sheet if we are confident of drawing a neat design else we can draw a design with a ball pen on a sheet of paper ( A4 size ) using instruments to get the straight lines ( and the curved lines if we wish ).  This sheet is placed below the OHP sheet , the rangoli design is visible because the OHP sheet is transparent.  Then it is easy to draw the rangoli ( just as we do using a tracing paper ). 

1. Draw the rangoli on a plain sheet with a ball pen.
2. Place an OHP sheet above the sheet on which the design is drawn and fasten all sides with clips.
3.  Draw the rangoli using glass outliners ( usually available in gold and black colours ). I have used gold in this design
4. Allow it dry naturally for a few hours .
5. The outline should be thick to retain the colours we are going to fill the rangoli with
6. After the outline dries fill the rangoli with colours using glass colours.  The choice of the colours is left to our imagination
7.  The rangoli can be further decorated with lotus patterns and a surrounding border as I have done.
8.  We can also add or paste kundan stones, artificial pearls.  
9. Ideal craft idea for Navratri or Diwali decoration and also for gifts
10.  We have a tradition of giving small and simple gifts during Navratri and this can be gifted.  It adds to sentimental value too.


This is a simple free hand rangoli design drawn following the method described in the  steps above. Around a basic free hand pattern I have drawn simple lotus patterns.  This design can be made more attractive adding artificial stones and more colours.

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This rangoli can be further decorated by filling colours in the lotus designsm by adding a colourful contour in blue and also by sticking pearls as shown.  This is a perfect idea for a gift during festivals like Navaratri.  I draw them and offer as gifts during festivals or to guests who visit us.  The image below shows how the rangoli looks after decoration
                                      
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This is a rangoli design for Diwali made from over head projector sheet in short called OHP sheet.  The designs are drawn using glitters available in market, commercially.  The base is a design similar to a semi-circular sanskar bharathi design.  On this the floral patterns in gold and bright blue are added .  The leaf patterns in yellow on the top complete this artificial rangoli design for Diwali or to be used as a gift

Rangoli can be drawn on OHP sheets to get a decorated sheet that can be used as a part of a gift in some form.  Below a simple rangoli design drawn with 3D glitter and the border decorated with simple patterns.  This can be used as a cover for a gift  or for a school project cover ( a book, a file of sheets  or something like that ).  Actually more patterns can be added on the sheet.  I have done only a sample.  Though it is simple it will add to sentimental value when we do it for some one we care for.

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Please also see