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Flower rangoli - Poo kolam for Pongal


Floral designs are one of the most used in rangoli design. Obviously, we are heavily dependent on nature for our rangoli designs.The next important festivals are Holi and Ugadi in 2013.  Holi is a festival of colours celebrating the arrival of spring among other things.  There are also many legends associated with it.  Probably colours are used abundantly during Holi because during spring we see the  colourful flowers blooming every where (It is my opinion or guess!) (Colourful) rangoli will be congruous with colourful Holi. . The rangoli designs here will not have only flowers or floral designs in the literal sense, they may have flowers or parts of flowers like only petals, petal like motifs.  However, let me start with a very simple design.
These designs can be used for festivals like Diwali and Margazhi too when there is a lot of emphasis on colourful rangoli designs

Rose kolam with dots 
Rose kolam with a 15 to 8 dot pattern is one of the most common rangoli or kolam designs that is drawn quite frequently for special occasions or for festivals like Margazhi and Diwali.  It is also drawn for competitions.  The dot pattern is 15 to 8 idukku pulli.   After placing the dot grid the central design is drawn first and around it the 6 roses are drawn.  The central pattern and the patterns for the dots remaining after drawing the roses differ according to one's imagination.  However the rose designs are common in this type of rangoli.  The images showing the intermediate steps in this rangoli will give us an idea for drawing this rangoli.   While the rangoli ( or kolam ) can be completed quickly adding colours will take some time and so test out patience.  
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Flower kolam without dots  After one rangoli with dots the next one is a free hand design.   The design below, a simple floral design that can be drawn for festivals like Varalakshmi Vratham and Navratri.  It shows layers of petals one above the other.  We can add any number of layers.  However, I have restricted it to three to make the design simple and also to save time.   Add some leaf patterns around the petals.  Adding alternate white and pink colour gives a beautiful effect.  The two smaller images below show two stages in this rangoli design.
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How to make a rangoli - floral patterns


In rangoli kolam designs flowers play an important part - in fact nature plays an important role.  It is easy for us to take designs and colours from nature - patterns, designs and colours are there everywhere around us.  There are many methods through which floral designs can be represented in a rangoli.  I would like to show some of them in Rangoli-sans-dots. Invariably I start with free hand designs true to the nature of name - Rangolisansdots.  I will update with some simple floral designs with dots - basic designs 

This is the first type where we have two layers of petals - this can be used to represent the petals or corolla that are lobed and have multiple layers of petals.  I have shown two layers .  We can add more.  The two images show the step by step procedure.
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This is another version of flower rangoli design with the central portion more pronounced with a single layer of petals ( or corolla ) that are arranged beautifully and symmetrically around the - shall we call it stamen !
Nature is really awesome , isn't it ?  These hand drawn patterns are a humble attempt by us ( humans ) to imitate nature. The two images below show the steps for this rangoli
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Making a floral pattern in a rangoli or kolam with dots is also an important element in drawing rangoli / kolam.  One of the simplest methods through which a six petal flower is drawn as shown in the image below.  Connect the dots through three straight lines intersecting at a point as shown.  Three dots are connected at a time to get a small floral design.  Connect the ends of the lines through petal like shapes as shown in the photo.  Drawing curved lines to make the petal appear as lobed makes the design appear more naturalistic and more beautiful.

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The image at the top shows in four steps how a floral design can be drawn.  The first three steps have floral petals representing flowers. The final image shows four patterns with leaves added to get a simple leaves and petals design. Of course this can be further expanded as we wish. .   This post will invariably have free hand rangoli designs in this theme on floral or (near floral !) designs.                               
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On the top a floral rangoli design - in three ( simple) steps.   It starts from a series of lines radiating from a small circle.  Around these are drawn the floral petal designs ( in step 2 ) .  The rangoli is finished as shown in the colourful rangoli at the bottom.  Here our imagination comes into play and the patterns and designs can be added according to our imagination but the same time matching the basic designs.  Add colours to complete the colourful design.

Theme - Floral petals and leaves - patterns or motifs in rangoli

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The theme of this post is nature, naturally(!) because without nature where from will I get my rangoli designs. Under nature this post will be on flowers and petals and more specifically floral  petals and leaf.  The free hand design above has four leaf patterns as the base around which we have floral designs.  Usually many rangoli designs, at least drawn by me have a flower at the centre.  This is to try something different.  Around the four leaves green in colour, we have more leaf patterns between them and above them.  The rangoli is finally decorated with pink petals to complete the design. I have used a combination of blue and green leaf patterns, the central green leaf patterns being the more dominant.  The pink and orange designs represent floral patterns.  Around them at the top are tendril like shapes.  Where ever possible I have added curlicues as they are commonly used by nature too ! It is as if nature challenges us to copy her if we can.  
In this series of rangoli with petals and leaves in the theme - nature, yet another free hand rangoli designs joins this group.  The rangoli design below, I mean.  Draw the rhombus shape at the centre ( if start with some simple geometric patterns we should not have a starting problem !).  Decorate the four edges with three petal flowers.  Between the flowers the leaves grow out on either side.  The leaves are coloured green and all the pink designs are floral petals!.  Complete the design with a border in pink and white as shown with the lines matching the contours of the designs.  The gaps can also be filled up with a suitable colour to get a more awesome rangoli design.  Some patterns are added at the centre in orange.
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  As usual draw the floral design at the centre first.  along each petal draw another flower.  I have drawn six flowers for eight petals because I though drawing eight flowers may cramp the rangoli for space.  Also I cannot draw any other motif.  Of course we can try with eight petals also.  After the seven flowers are drawn ( one at the centre and the six around it ) fill the remaining gaps with designs of your choice.  I have chosen leaves (one pair and two pairs ) so that it is congruous with the basic floral design.  Now add colours to the flowers.  I have chosen pink, blue and red and of course green for leaves.  Minimise the number of leaves so that rangoli is attractive.  The remaining gaps also can be filled with some colours.  I have stopped at this stage due to lack of time today.  If required draw mid-ribs in  the to get the final design.  Also add some straight lines on the border to enhance the effect of the rangoli. 
                                                                                    
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Floral patterns or motifs in rangoli

Next some rangoli designs that are not completely flower rangoli designs but using some motifs representing flowers     
The next three are also fully or partly floral designs  i.e floral rangoli designs may not be only rangoli with flowers or flower patterns.  They may also have parts of a flower or patterns or motifs representing flowers or some parts of a rangoli  may be with flower patterns along with other motifs or designs.   The first rangoli on the left has a pink floral design at the centre with many thin petals surrounded by a border along the contour of the flower filled with green colour.  On four sides purple petals representing a part of a flower are drawn and they are surrounded by a pair of simple patterns as shown.  After filling with colours the rangoli is further decorated with  white rangoli powder as shown.  The second rangoli is not exactly a complete floral design.  I have used different motifs and one of them is a flower design in red  and purple on the four sides of the central design.  The rangoli after finishing with colours will  be as shown in the respective  image 
The third one is a truly flower rangoli.  Draw a small circle.  Around it draw petals as shown in  the figure.  Draw as many as possible to get a beautiful flower like marigold .  Decorate the edges of the petals as shown above.  Around the flower use pink colour floral designs and other motifs of your choice to get the final  image.    

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                                               The two images below show how the free hand rangoli drawn in the above design progresses.  The first image shows the circle at the centre with floral petal patterns on all four sides.  The second image shows the rangoli nearing completion.

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How this rangoli is made -   Two images showing the steps.
                                             
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Two intermediate stages of the rangoli one at the beginning and one when it is nearing completion.
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The floral petal pattern at the centre can be drawn with 8 petals, 16 petals and 32 petals depending upon the surrounding patterns we use.  In this rangoli I have used thirty two petals at the centre.  This is done by drawing eight petals around a circle, then drawing eight more between any two petals resulting in sixteen petals.  Again draw 16 more petals between any two petals to get 32 petals.

Please also see
Margazhi kolam collection 
 Pulli kolam designs