Traditional Tamil New Year kolam designs


A step by step guide for drawing a traditional kolam designs through pictures



lines-kolam-for-New-Year-241a.jpg

lines-kolam-for-New-Year-241ab.jpg

lines-kolam-for-New-Year-241ac.jpg

lines-kolam-for-New-Year-241ad.jpg

lines-kolam-for-New-Year-241ae.jpg

lines-kolam-for-New-Year-241af.jpg

lines-kolam-for-New-Year-241ai.jpg

The step by step procedure through the images above should make it simple.  Instead of a square base , we start with a hexagon so it may not be a classical padi kolam if we strictly go by definitions.
After drawing a hexagon draw lines to make four lines on each side of the hexagon.  The next step is to connect any two sides of the hexagon, i.e all the four lines to the next set of four lines in the next side with obviously four lines .  Repeat this step on all six sides.  Now the rest is easy, after probably what may be a difficult part in an other wise simple kolam design.  Draw four curved lines in the gaps between any two sets of lines to get the next layer .  It appears as if the lines are locked with one another .  Now we can draw one more set of curved patterns in the gaps.  The remaining gaps are filled lotus patterns so that they align with the corners of the hexagon.  Apply a kaavi border for the kolam and it is ready for festival decoration for Tamil New Year.  Such traditional rangoli designs can also be drawn for Navratri, Varalakshmi Pooja


Step by step lines kolam rangoli through images


This kolam can be drawn free hand too , to make it easy for drawing and practising I have placed a dot grid that is something like a basic star grid with 1,4,3,4,1 dots.

Tamil-New-year-rangoli-designs-271a.jpg

The patterns are drawn using this dot grid at the centre

Tamil-New-year-rangoli-designs-271a.jpg

Draw sets of lines inside the contours matching the outer pattern

Tamil-New-year-rangoli-designs-271ac.jpg

It is good practice to fill the central gap with pattern matching the outside design.  This gives a good appearance for the kolam

Tamil-New-year-rangoli-designs-271ae.jpg

Now the next layer of lines designs

Tamil-New-year-rangoli-designs-271af.jpg

The other designs and decorations are as per our imagination.  However , another set of rhombus designs will match with the centre.

Tamil-New-year-rangoli-designs-271ag.jpg

Finally one more layer of lines , after all it is a lines kolam design , so we should favour line patterns rather heavily
Tamil-New-year-rangoli-designs-271ai.jpg

Small decorations inside the rhombus
Tamil-New-year-rangoli-designs-271aj.jpg

The kolam is complete and ready for festival decoration .
Tamil-New-year-rangoli-designs-271ak.jpg


To make it different and unique we can fill some colourful lines in the gaps or we can draw the entire kolam with colourful lines or we can use only brown or kaavi colour inside the kolam as also outside.

While we can have free hand designs or designs with dots for festival decoration of our homes and there are many in Rangolisansdots belonging to those categories ,  this post will delve upon only the old kolam designs that are popular and beautiful in their own way.   They can actually be challenging too , occasionally.   It is still early days in Rangolisansdots and so dots rangoli designs can wait , we can have exclusive posts based on number of dots , themes like birds , flowers and so on.



My Friday vaasal kolam

My kolam at entrance ( vaasal ) on Fridays


 Some of the kolam I draw on Friday are shared below with some description of the steps involved
Most of the rangoli here are with two colors white and red ochre or kaavi border , the old style of rangoli designs in kolam art

Drawing a sikku kolam on Friday at the entrance should be avoided according to my mother and I invariably follow it.  I draw small free hand double line or single line kolam with a kaavi border for Friday.  This kolam design as with many free hand kolam designs is thought of after we bend down to draw the kolam.  The common star shaped double line kolam is drawn for the centre so that there is no starting problem the rest of the patterns have been drawn as shown and the deepam or lamp patterns just fitted in the gaps so beautifully incidentally.  
my-kolam-for-Friday.jpg
This kolam was drawn as a Friday too.  This kolam is a combination of commonly used patterns / motifsin many of my kolams .  The central floral design, the lotus pattern, the heart shaped motif and spiral patterns on the periphery.  The lines that radiate outside all together appear as a sun like design has been drawn particularly the designs on the border of the kolam appear as if they are the rays of the sun to me.  If it is true it is only incidental and not intentional !
vasal-kolam-Friday-24a.jpg

Vellikizhamai-kolam-1.jpg

Yet another kolam for Friday , a free hand design drawn using four lotus patterns on four sides of a design formed using spiral patterns.  The kolam is further decorated with usual simple patterns as shown. Below, another kolam on drawn on a Friday.  Now , placing the dots around curlicues or curved lines is not my idea, like many other women, I learnt from my mother and so I tend to imitate or emulate her ! The kolam itself is a simple free hand kolam drawn on a Friday.  Instead of decorating the entire kolam with kaavi powder, I have decorated or filled portions of the kolam with kaavi so the white kolam is dominant with kaavi in the background.  I think it looks different doesn't it.

kolam-on-Friday.jpg
The  rangoli in the image below  is a free hand rangoli drawn with parallel lines, start with the three intersecting parallel lines ( an oxymoron says my son !)  and evolve the rangoli design from there drawing floral petals and complete the design by connecting all the petals. The patterns drawn inside the rangoli are optional however they will make the design more attractive.  A kaavi (a red coloured sand powder ) border is usually drawn on Fridays.


                     daily-rangoli-1.jpg
The kolam below is also with parallel lines ( every practitioner of kolam has her own strengths and weaknesses - your weakness may be your strength or vice versa ! ).  My weakness ( or strength ) is two line or parallel line kolam particularly when I draw at the entrance as vasaal padi kolam.  So far as double line kolam is concerned while I prefer to have two separate lines to the extent possible , we can also draw two thick lines so that they touch each other, both are beautiful in their own way.  In the kolam below after drawing the central design with parallel lines I have completed the kolam with random radial lines  with spiral patterns sprinkled inside and outside.  Of course decorated with geru or kaavi powder because it is for Friday or Vellikizhamai. When we compare the kolam below with the one above we can observe the spiral patterns are from the central design in the kolam the spiral patterns are 'hanging from the top '..

vasaal-kolam-for-Friday-jpg
The central design with double stroke is what I use quite often as it is obvious from the previous kolam design and the one before that.  The central design is surrounded by a number of curved lines as shown in the image below.  Of course the outermost border is with kaavi 
Friday-kolam-14a.jpg

The two kolam below a deviation from the usual Friday kolam I draw with a kaavi or red ochre boder.  The reason they were drawn for Bharani and Karthigai Deepam and Karthigai Deepam was on a Friday.  So two double line kolam with some colours added to the basic design.
Double-line-kolam-1112.jpg

Friday-Karthigai-kolam-1.jpg


While it a tradition to draw a kaavi border around the kolam designs on Fridays (kaavi also called chemman in Tamil ) The first few posts were devoted to simple plain rangolis with parallel lines and  show how a free hand rangoli evolves.  Drawing designs with parallel lines is quite easy and takes very little time once we get used to drawing them.  Of course everything in art comes with practice.  So also in the case of rangoli.  Since I would like share information I know about rangoli   The  designs are chosen at random (in the mind, of course) 
                               daily-rangoli-5.jpg
   The rangoli, is  a near circular design.  The  central design starts from a swastik or in fact two.  There is a slight difference in extension of arms between the second rangoli and this one because in this one I have extended the arms further with a curved line (or lines ) this make the rangoli more beautiful.  Two pairs of parallel line borders both with kaavi borders complete this simple design.
                              


  The next rangoli is shown in the image below.  Swastik patterns with two parallel lines are drawn to get two swastik patterns one superimposed on the other. This is achieved by first drawing three intersecting lines that are extended.  The other decorations inside can be left to our imagination.  Finally the entire rangoli is covered with a curved line design to match the inner patterns.
                                          
                                         daily-rangoli-2.jpg

A  collection of traditional kolam videos from my videos 

           


Subscribe to my YouTube Channel for regular updates             

White rangoli designs for Navratri and other festivals

house-rangoli-1.jpg
Rangoli that is drawn on a daily basis goes under different name colloquially, some of them are house rangoli, house kolam, door rangoli and daily rangoli.  Hence separate posts have been allotted for them.  The theme or the idea is the same but for the sake of convenience of the users and me this has been done.  Here I will try to post a few house rangoli designs for Navratri that can be drawn for nine days of the festival.  ( In Tamil Nadu it is celebrated for nine days  (or nights ) ) The house rangoli in the image above resembles a padi kolam that is drawn for auspicious occasions particularly the square portion with lines.  Four simple lotus patterns have been added.  The gaps between the lotuses have been filled with the patterns as shown.  The rangoli is decorated with borders of rangoli powder and kaavi powder.


daily-rangoli-1.jpg
Daily rangoli goes under many other names like door rangoli, everyday rangoli or door kolam.  As I have stated elsewhere there is a tradition in some states of India of drawing rangoli designs at the entrance daily.  Some draw rangoli both in the morning and evening.  It is a nice and beautiful tradition and hence some of the rangoli designs that can be drawn at the entrance, daily.


You may also like



One more vaasal kolam for Friday this one with parallel lines resulting in the double line pattern shown.  The kolam being decorated with florets like patterns.  These resemble the florets of a cauliflower or broccoli according to my sister-in-law.  After all, we borrow heavily from nature for kolam designs.  It is the most abundant and freely available source for designs and patterns and there is no chance of a copy right violation too ! 

While two line kolam are relatively difficult when compared with a single line kolam, two line kolam with two different colours are more difficult and most difficult when you draw more intricate patterns with this concept.  The picking up of two different colours so that the colours inside and outside or on the left and right match throughout the kolam is an activity for the brain - a brain gym really.  Some examples and demonstrations of this variety are there in Rangolisansdots. However, the kolam below can rank among the simplest of free hand kolam designs drawn on a Friday with kaavi border.  A simple floral petal design inside and outside.

kavi-kolam-for-Friday-17a.jpg
The next kolam drawn on a Friday is also similar to the previous one the central design is slightly different but the two layers of outer borders are the same along the contours of the petals.  In the space between the borders I have drawn a different type of pattern.  Finally decoration with kaavi powder inside and outside.  
my-kolam-for-Friday-18a.jpg
Another Friday, another free hand kolam, this is similar to the one I have drawn elsewhere.  The inverted triangles with double lines are among my favourite patterns at the centre and also easy to start the kolam - there is no starting trouble if we start with common and favourite patterns.  The remaining designs fell in place - a kaavi border for the kizhamai - velli kizhamai.
vellikizhamai-kolam-25a.jpg
The next Friday one more double line kolam, this time my mother's favourite design.  She used to draw this many a time on Friday.

Friday-double-line-kolam-18a.jpg

Aadi is an auspicious month in Tamil Nadu for kolam.  We have Aadi velli and Aadi chevvai or sevvai kolam .  It is preferable to draw a padi kolam with kaavi border for the theme Aadi vellikizhami kolam or Aadi sevvai kolam.  I have shared one such padi kolam I drew of an Aadi Friday.

Aadi-vellikizhamai-kolam-24a.jpg

                               Aadi-velli-kolam-31.jpg
The next kolam drawn on Aadi Friday I have shared through the photo below.   Instead of a kaavi border I have used red kola podi.  This double like kolam for Aadi is one of my favourite designs and I have shared it under the heading double line or parallel line kolam.

Another Friday one more kolam with kaavi border - a basic and simple kolam decorated with leaf like designs.

Friday-vasal-kolam-1110.jpg


Friday-double-line-kolam-24a.jpg

The next kolam - based on a common design at the centre ( partiularly in Rangolisansdots ) drawn on a Friday at the vasal.  Kaavi is added to the rangoli either as a border or inside the rangoli as shown in some of the previous designs.

I am of the opinion that a kaavi kolam is as beautiful as a very big kolam with a lot of colours or in other words a rangoli .  So even for important festivals like Navratri I draw a kolam with kaavi border.  This kolam I drew on Navratri Friday 2016.  This kolam can be drawn free hand or with a dot pattern using 5 by 3 or 7 by 4 .  As usual some borders on the entrance ( dwara muggulu or gadapa muggulu as my mother used to call them  ) 



Navratri-Friday-kolam.jpg

             This is a popular kolam video on Facebook and YouTube where I have drawn the lines continuously instead of drawing them in two stages as I have done in this kolam.   I prefer such simple lines kolam even for festivals like Varalakshmi Vratham , Navarathri or Dasara.                                 
Friday-lines-muggulu610a.jpg

simple New Year chukkala muggulu designs

Simple 5 dots chukkala muggulu with dots

This is one of the simplest designs from the dot grid angle and also from the patterns that are created.  This is for those who are looking  for a simple and small muggu for New Year for additional decoration or if they are trying their hand at rangoli for the first time. The dot pattern is 5 by 5 .  The central dots in the outer rows and  columns are connected to get the rhombus shape.  Then inside we have the swastik.  This leaves the three dots on the four sides as is evident from the image.   Draw two parallel lines of different lengths as shown in the next image.   The only difficult part in the muggu is the next step where we have to convert the two parallel lines into three triangles as shown in one of the images.  For many it will be easy , some may find it not so easy.  I hope the relevant picture has made it easy. The rest is simple , add dots and decorations to complete the simple muggu.

muggulu-with-chukkalu-1111a.jpg

muggulu-with-chukkalu-1111ab.jpg

muggulu-with-chukkalu-1111ac.jpg

muggulu-with-chukkalu-1111ad.jpg

muggulu-with-chukkalu-1111ae.jpg

The next muggulu with dots , another 5 dots muggu but it is not as easy as the previous design is.  It involves the drawing of four bird designs that can be considered to represent simple peacock patterns.  Drawing curved lines to get the birds patterns as close to perfection as possible needs practice. Actually we should not think too much or over-think while drawing the birds , if we concentrate too much on the design we may lose our concentration on our fingers.  Keep everything simple in life and in rangoli making also and the patterns will flow easily without any problems.  Though the final picture shows that there are four birds designs it is difficult to comprehend that this is what the final result will be  if we have a look at the initial steps of the kolam.  Many of my viewers are also of the same opinion.  Through their comments on YouTube and email they say that it is difficult to judge what I am drawing and what I the final outcome will be.

birds-muggulu-chukkala-1111s.jpg

birds-muggulu-chukkala-1111st.jpgbirds-muggulu-chukkala-1111su.jpg

birds-muggulu-chukkala-1111sv.jpg

birds-muggulu-chukkala-1111sw.jpg


8 dots chukkala muggu | Simple and easy

Again another simple muggu with dots.  The images are self explanatory , however for record , the four spear like shapes are drawn on the four corners.  This leaves the four dots on four sides that are connected with inclined lines.  The next step is drawing patterns that reminds one of Warli art.  Warli art is a quite a simple and easy traditional art and hence this muggu should also be very easy to understand and draw.  We can try it for New Year muggulu with dots. The patterns are then converted into stands for diyas or deepam .  So we can try such designs for Karthigai Deepam muggulu also.
The dots that remain at the centre are converted into swastik pattern with some curved line decorations.  This muggu is not only easy to see but easy to draw also.  Actually some designs may be difficult and may discourage us from trying at first sight but we will find them easy when we draw.  Some may be easy when we see but may be difficult when we draw.  This is easy to see and easy to draw,  I think and hope it is so for all.

New-Year-muggulu-with-dots-1111a.jpg

New-Year-muggulu-with-dots-1111ab.jpg

New-Year-muggulu-with-dots-1111ac.jpg

New-Year-muggulu-with-dots-1111ad.jpg

New-Year-muggulu-with-dots-1111ae.jpg

A simple 9 by 5 dots muggu with star patterns

Star designs are very popular in rangoli or muggulu as also nine dots designs.  First the petals are formed as shown in the first image with the dots assigned suitably.  Next the gaps between the petals are developed into star shaped patterns by drawing two inverted triangles.  What is left is the dot grid at the centre.  This can be converted into a floral design with six petals.  From the centre of the flower the petals on the outside are conencted with curved lines that should flow smoothly to get a beautiful muggu that can be drawn for any occasion like Karthigai Deepam or Karthigai Vilakkidu festival or with colours for New Year

9-dots-muggulu-1111a.jpg

9-dots-muggulu-1111ba.jpg

9-dots-muggulu-1111ad.jpg

9-dots-muggulu-1111ai.jpg

The next muggu is a very small muggu using a star shaped dot pattern.  However it can be confusing too.  The central  patterns are drawn as we do in most kolam.  Next using the extensions triangles are drawn to get a muggu pattern , where it appears as if one triangle is inserted in the other.  A small and challenging muggu design with dots if you are looking for one such design for New Year. ( samvatsara muggulu )
Small-muggu-for-New-Year-2911a.jpg

Small-muggu-for-New-Year-2911ab.jpg

Small-muggu-for-New-Year-2911ac.jpg

Small-muggu-for-New-Year-2911ad.jpg

Small-muggu-for-New-Year-2911ai.jpg

Small-muggu-for-New-Year-2911aj.jpg


This is a collection of some the simplest chukkala muggulu that I could think of .  Almost all rangoli designs are created by me.  I have created lots of designs, only some of them I  share through videos on my rangoli Channel - Rangolisansdots on YouTube ( I have added some crafts and recipes also due to many requests from viewers and subscribers ).  Many designs that I have created are there in the note books either because I am not able  to find enough time to convert them into videos are because I think some of them may not be suitable to be converted into videos at present.  Frankly I am surprised that a few rangoli muggulu that I think are not up to the mark being welcomed by the viewers.  Probably it is like the movies where we cannot predict which movie will do well at the box office.  Though I create most rangoli designs may be it will around ninety percent ,  I also share videos and steps for common muggulu with dots that I learnt from my mother , elder sisters when I was very young.  Of course my elder sisters still give me some information from their memory and that fortunately for me and  for you is quite good on some old rangoli designs that my mother and grand mother used to draw .  Consequently some old rangoli designs that probably are rarely used have come to light.  One of them is the tiger's claws muggu .  I have a video for it that I uploaded two years back but I was not aware of its name.  When one of my subscribers from Mumbai asked me about it I thought she was asking  about Pulli nagam ( or a serpent rangoli drawn with dots , this is usually drawn for Naga Chaturthi and Panchami ).  Then she clarified that it is puli nagam or tiger's claws .  I asked my sister and immediately she gave information about it based on what we learnt from our mother and  I could pass on the link to the kolam from my video Channel.