This post may have answers to - How to perform Varalakshmi Vratham or Puja at home, to make a cotton garland, to make flower decorations, to make an aarti plate decoration, to draw some rangoli designs, to perform punar pooja, how to make kheer and poli, to make a simple toran or thoranam with mango leaves. For the mantras we may refer to any book of our choice.
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Varalakshmi Vratham Pooja procedure and items
The following information may be useful in performing the Pooja and Vratham
Varalakshmi Vratham - Preparation and decoration of Mantap
Varalakshmi Habba coocnut face decoration
Rangoli or kolam for Varlakshmi Vratham or Vratham muggulu
The following auspicious kolam are drawn for Varalakshmi Vratham mandapam
Two steps of the above rangoli, to give an idea as to how the rangoli develops.
Varalakshmi Vratham Pooja kolam - kalasam in kolam for 2016
A sample thoranam decoration for Varalakshmi vratham mantap, below. The mango leaves have been cut so that all the elements of the thoranam (festoon) are of the same length.
How to make a mango leaf toran or maavilai thoranam for decorating Varamahalakshmi Puja mantap
How to make a thoranam for decorating Varamahalakshmi Puja mantap
Take the cut portion of the frond on the left to the right from behind the mid rib as shown in the image below. There should a reasonable distance between any two elements of the thoranam. This is to be decided based on the size of the element that is formed.
After bringing it around from behind the mid rib insert it in the part of the frond on the right that is folded on the left!. Pull both ends extending on both sides of the mid rib to get the completed element of the thoranam.
Now press the thoranam gently to flatten the elements as much as possible. Repeat the process till we get as many elements as we want. The length of the thoranam depends upon where we want to use it. If is for a mantap for festivals like Varalakshmi Vratham or Ganpathi Puja (Pillayar Chaturthi in Tamil Nadu ) the number of elements will be less. If we want to hang it on both sides of a Puja room or at the entrance it can be longer. The thin long mid rib that is left at one end as discussed at the beginning is used to tie two thoranams i.e two thoranams are taken and the long mid rib portions at one end ( at the top ) are tied to form a knot so that we can hang it from a nail. Two such thoranam are hung on either side of the door way or mantap. Though it is a very simple craft idea for a decoration for Puja it actually enhances the beauty of a mantap or entrance. I invariably use it on both sides of the Puja mantap and also on both sides of the main entrance.
Varlakshmi Vratham - Performing the pooja
Yellow thread (or dhaaram ) one for each lady member is placed near the Goddess.
A cotton thread is made yellow by applying turmeric paste. Nine knots are made on the thread or nombu saradu ( compare with karadaiyan nonbu saradu ) - eight are made on the thread and the ninth knot is made with a flower - tazhampoo is preferred but it may be difficult to tie it
Pooja to Lord Ganesh (or Ganapathi ) is done to an image made from turmeric mixed with a little water. Then the main Pooja is conducted according our family customs and traditions. For those starting anew many books are available. We fast from the morning till the pooja is completed.
After completion the yellow thread is tied to our right hand by another lady member of the family. Kumkum is applied to the knot and on the forehead. We have a betel leaf , nut and fruit combination placed on the right palm. . We do not fast at night. We remove the yellow thread only after Vijayadasami.
The yellow petals are of thazampoo ( I understand it is called fragrant screw pine in English, kevada in Hindi, kedage or Tale Hoovu in Kannada). As the name suggests the fragrance of the flower is divine. We place five petals of thazampoo and five mango leaves alternately in the khalasam rim as shown in the photo. The coconut is then placed in these leaves.
We use four types of flowers - marigold (saamandhi poo), jasmine (malli), mullai (also from jasmine family), winter jasmine (jaadhi malli). We use roses and kadhambam (a combination of flowers) for decoration
In the evening, aarthi is performed to Lakshmi , ladies nearby and relatives are invited and thamboolam with coconut is given. A glass of milk is also offered to them. My mother used to place green colour bangles for all members of the family at the feet of the Goddess (i.e khalasam ) and that were distributed the very next day. Since we were a big joint family, then, it was really a festive atmosphere.
Varalakshmi Puja images
Varalakshmi Kalasam decoration ideas / ammavu decoration
The khalasam shown above has the face of the Goddess etched on it. I am told that this is uncommon.Goddess is adorned with gold jewels to show our gratitude for Her blessings.
The images below give some ideas of the things required for performing this Vratham or Puja i.e fruits, flowers, the yellow thread with a thazhampoo petal.
Varalakshmi Puja Neivedyam images
Varalakshmi Vratham decoration ideas
We can also use artificial or imitation jewellery for Pooja. ( made for this purpose - if it made by us - it gives us a lot of satisfaction) Some of the jewellery made by me and used in various decorations are in the image below. Trinkets in various designs are available ready-made They have to be assembled into a necklace. Our imagination is the key to get the final design. Also, it is time-consuming and needs lots of patience. I hope to have a separate post for these jewellery and that will be in the future. Navratri and Dasara festival season is also important for use of artificial jewellery for decoration.
From my YouTube channel on kolam
Varalakshmi Vratham Pooja song in Telugu -
Aarthi song for Goddess Lakshmi after the Puja
Kolam and craft ideas through videos for festivals
Rangolisansdots - my Rangoli , festival related craft
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Artificial jewellery ideas
Apart from rangoli and few other craft types I try to create, I also try some artificial jewellery designs on my own. All craft ideas I do are amateur attempts However I would like to share most of them that are relevant to the idea of Rangoli-sans-dots - rangoli, kolam and some art and craft ideas to do it yourself.
Artificial jewellery - necklaces, ear rings are quite easy to make. What we need is time and patience.
All the parts of the jewellery are available separately. We have to purchase them and create them.
For the necklace design in the image above - Take a metallic wire preferably gold or silver in colour (polyester or similar threads can also be used )
The yellow colour metallic beads at the top are inserted in the metallic wire. Yellow is preferred for jewellery because it matches with the designs we have chosen for the other parts of the necklace. It is available in different colours and we can chose it according to colour of the remaining part of the jewel.
We can have two or three beads according to the gaps we require. After the space created using the metallic beads one blue stone embedded in metal setting is inserted in the metal wire. At the bottom of this trinket is a ring for holding a pendant. The pendants come in different types. I have chosen one with a set of pearls. The pearls have to be inserted one by one in the pendant through rings. We can have one more set as shown in the image. We can also add a locket or something similar at the bottom of the necklace.
I have tried with two rows of similar set of trinkets and pendants with the necessary accessories. We can reduce the number of trinkets in each row , gradually reducing the arc of the necklace to get a beautiful design. We can also have different colour combination in each row or in different rows. The possibilities are infinite.
This is second necklace idea - an artificial or costume jewellery, of course. It is simpler than the previous one. The procedure is the same using a metallic or polyester wire create the design with green stones. Ear-rings are the among the simplest we can do in artificial jewelry. The stone setting in blue and white is readily available in the market (in India) with rings at the bottom. We have to insert the pearl pendants one by rings that can be closed with pliers. Again there are different varieties of stones, pendants and the combinations that can be got are many.
How to make the poo jadai or alankaram for decorating Varamahalakshmi
Poo jadai was an important decoration for children few decades back for Navratri festival! A simple poo - jadai for Varalakshmi Vratham - cut a thick board in the form of a "jadai " - place already strung jasmine or similar flowers and sew to the board. On either side sew colourful roses ( yellow, orange etc ) as shown. The result a beautiful decoration for Goddess Lakshmi.
Stringing jasmine or similar flowers for Varalakshmi Vratham decoration
The roses should be fresh and used within a few hours. Hence it is better to string roses when they are fresh. Of course for stringing of jasmine, roses and jasmine garland videos are there in Rangolisansdots my video Channel. If the explanation and images shared here are not sufficient, the videos may help.
The flower shown in the image is kakada that is some what similar to jasmine but has almost no fragrance
To have a recap - the first image shows to flowers placed one above the other with stalks over lapping and with the string at the bottom
The next image shows the flowers being held with the left thumb, with the string going around the stalks so as to hold them.
The third image shows the beginning of the formation of the knot using the index finger and middle finger and rolling them over the string first along the string then with the middle finger supporting the string roll the wrist around the string to get the position shown in the fourth image. This is the most difficult part in this process as it involves rotating the fingers and wrist in different planes.
The fifth image shows the formation of the ring which is inserted on the top of the flower as shown in the sixth image so that the the ring is over the overlapping stalks.
The final image shows the string being pulled so that a knot forms around the overlapping portion of the stalks. We can see flower vendors doing this quite fast and mechanically concentrating on some thing else while stringing flowers. That is practice and experience for us !
Cotton garland an important part of Varalakshmi Vratham Puja vidhanam
While rolling the cotton vibuthi or sacred ash is used to make rolling easy.
How to make cotton wick / panju thiri / vattulu /Hatti Hirubatti for aarthi or Puja at home.
kolam at entrance for welcoming Godess Lakshmi on Varalakshmi Puja Day
A simple rangoli is also drawn at the doorway on the right hand side, a azhakku ( a vessel used to measure rice) is filled with rice and jaggery is placed on the top. Above this the khalasam is placed. The azhakku is pushed with the khalasm symbolically representing entry of Lakshmi into our house. Aarthi is performed to the Goddess welcoming her into the house. A song on Lakshmi is played in the background and the Puja is performed placing the khalasam in the mantap.
The image on the left gives an idea how Goddess Lakshmi is welcomed into the house. From the entrance to the mantap two small feet are drawn to depict entry of Goddess into our house. (As we draw for Krishna Jayanthi or Janmashtami )
The actual welcome to Godess Lakshmi khalasam with aarti on the left
The images from this year Varalakshmi vratham and pooja done by me, including Yamuna kalasam, aarti, Pooja and neivedhiyam.
Varmahalskmi Habba / Navratri decoration - aarthi preparation
Add some kukkum in a small plate and mix it with water. Apply sandalwood paste and kumkum on four sides of an aarthi diva. Place flower shaped cotton wicks or long wicks depending upon the type of lamps we use. Add cow's ghee to the wicks, light the lamps and perform aarthi to the golu or kolu.
Padi kolam for welcoming Goddess Lakshmi inside house
Aarthi plate for Varlakshmi Vratham decoration - a part of Puja vidhanamA simple puja plate decoration method
This is a home made aarti plate decoration. Use a clean plate. Draw the rangoli designs with cotton bud dipped in honey. Sprinkle rangoli powder on the plate. Tap it to remove excess powder to get the aarti decoration. A simple easy yet beautiful way of performing a pooja and aarti. A simple aarti plate decoration like the one above can also be used for Navaratri or Diwali thali decoration.
kolam around a plate for festivals and weddings
For important festivals like Varalakshmi Vratham, Ganesh Chathurti, Navratri there is also a tradition of decorating the banana leaf or plate on which the naivedyam is served to the family members with a kolam made from a mixture of kola podi or rice flour and turmeric powder. Turmeric powder is mixed till the colour turns yellowish. Simple decorations are drawn around the leaf. Some of the designs are shown in the photos below. This type of kolam can also be used for decorating banana leaves used in marriage. While the leaves of the bride groom and the bride are decorated with elaborate colourful kolam designs the leaves of others who sit can be decorated and are usually decorated with the kolapodi and turmeric powder mixture.
This is a double or rettai ezhai kolam - the two ezhai or lines drawn simultaneously. Ezhai literally means very thin ( in Tamil nool ezhai is a single strand of the number of strands that twine to form a string or thread ! )- so we should try to draw lines as thin as possible in ezhai kolam.
Poori payasam or kheer recipe for Varalakshmi Vratham
Rice and gram dhall kheer ( arisi kadalai paruppu payasam ) for Varalakshmi Vratham
Fry rice and gram dhall in little ghee separately. For one cup rice take quarter cup gram dhal. Mix them and cook in a pressure cooker.
Add half cup jaggery and cardamom powder to little water in a vessel and heat it.
When the jaggery melts add the rice and gram dhal mixture and continue cooking for two to three minutes.
Once cooking is complete add grated coconut ( optional ). Remove the vessel from the stove and add fried cashew nuts. One more neivedhiyam or offering is ready for Puja.
Hyagreeva sweet dish for Varamahalakshmi festival
This is a sweet dish that is used as an offering or neivedhiyam for Puja particularly on Thursdays.
for Lord Hyagreeva (for children's education).
It can also be prepared and offered for auspicious occasions and festivals like Varalakshmi Vratha Pooja instead of kheer or payasam..
Method of preparation
Gram dhall ( kadalai paruppu ) is cooked with little water in a cooker. Using a ladle break the dhall so that some are whole and some are broken. Add powdered jaggery and mix well. In a vessel add ghee and heat it. Now add cashew nuts, raisins and the mixture of gram dhall and jaggery to the heated ghee. Stir well till jaggery melts completely. Add cardamom powder to it. The neivedhiyam is ready. Usually it is prepared in small quantity since it is for offering. Adding grated coconut is optional.
Varamahalakshmi vratham recipes - Ambode for naivedyam
Navratri and other festival recipes-Pitla-recipe for the Varamalakshmi festival
Some videos that may be useful for decoration ideas for this festival and celebrating Varalakshmi Vratha are in the play list Varalakshmi Vratham alankaram
What to do the next day after Varalakshmi Pooja or
How to do Varalakshmi Vratham Punar PujaThe next day a brief pooja is performed (called Punar Pooja), the khalasam is moved a little from its original position. We pray that Goddess should bless us to perform the Pooja every year. We place the khalasam inside a rice container (any container where we usually store rice). The coconut is removed the kernel is used to make a sweet - coconut burfi on any other sweet and is distributed to the family along with the dry fruits that we place inside the khalasam. The jewels that adorn the Goddess are removed and worn by the lady members of the family
Sweet - coconut burfi
The coconut kernel is grated and ground fine in a mixer in a few seconds. One measure of grated kernel needs one measure of sugar. Take some water (50ml approx) in a vanali ( a flat vessel) and add sugar. Wait till the sugar dissolves and then add the grated coconut. Keep stirring. Add two teaspoons ghee and cardamom (elakkai) powder. Cashew nuts are optional. Almonds have been shown above only for plating. They are not needed. Continue stirring upto the stage the burfi does not stick to the vessel. Medium flame is recommended. Take a plate and grease it with ghee, pour the semi-solid burfi on the plate and tap gently. Cut when it is hot to get the rhombus shaped (or any other shape) burfi.