Some simple kolam designs

kolam designs

This post will have a pot-pourri of  kolam designs, kolam without dots(kolam-sans-dots), using single line, two parallel lines, kolam with dots, and those that can be drawn with dots and free hand that may be useful particularly for Margazhi kolams (There are many such designs that belong to this category particularly when the number of dots is less than 15 ).

kolam design free hand floral pattern

This kolam design  a very colourful and hence beautiful free hand design that has been added for joyfully celebrated festivals like Navratri and Diwali.  It is a kolam design with flowers as a theme and obviously flowers have to be very colourful. However I have taken the liberty of adding different colours to the petals.  From the image, the central floral kolam with pink and green petals is surrounded by another flower with orange petals.  The outer side is decorated with petal or leaf like designs decorated with spiral patterns and colourful lines on the top.  Between these two is a simple border with a mixture of orange , pink and purple colours to get the colour that is somewhat close to purple. A colourful free hand kolam design with floral petals.    


The next  design is a   free hand kolam and drawn with parallel lines . The first one has a rhombus like pattern drawn at the centre.  From the four edges we have four petals and between any two petals another floral petal pattern.  The entire kolam is surrounded by a simple kolam border with many small circular patterns and four spiral patterns as shown.  Just two colours brown and blue are used in this kolam.
  Many free hand kolam designs are there Margazhi kolam designs


Kolam or rangoli can also be drawn free hand or without dots in addition to those drawn with dot templates.  Rangoli sans dots literally means rangoli without dots and hence I have to post some to justify the name! Of course there many that are already there in Rangoli-sans-dots. So here a pair of rangoli or kolam without dots.  As has been the case of many designs drawn by me, they have been drawn with parallel lines.  Start with intersecting parallel lines to form the central designs, from the each edge add two more parallel lines to form the basic rangoli.  Around this add designs as shown or as you wish.  Plain and white kolam or rangoli are as beautiful as those filled with colours.  So this pair one left plain and the other filled with colours to give us an idea of how the rangoli looks with and without colours added.  I have stated in the earliest posts that it is easier to fill colours for a parallel or double line design given the nature of the rangoli.  The more intricate or closer the patterns the easier it is because the area for filling up with colours reduces.  We can complete the rangoli with a few lines drawn along the white rangoli design.   Free hand rangoli designs without colours are also there in Rangoli - parallel lines

Probably some of the designs can be tried on sarees, salwar sets, kurtas and blouses with fabric painting too.
 Rangoli-sans-dots has been added in the directory  of Open Directory Project . It is a very happy feeling.

kolam-design-6.jpgContinuing our discussion on parallel lines rangoli, the image below shows a simple version of a parallel lines kolam design drawn with two different colours which though rare is now quite common in many posts of Rangoli-sans-dots.  Holding the rangoli powder and drawing the colours needs some practice.  A video of mine is available on YouTube on this subject.This is actually a basic version of a rangoli that I have drawn for Republic Day. I added a white line between the orange and green lines to make it suitable for the occasion. 

simple kolam with deepam designs


 The  rangoli in the image above is a very simple swastik and diya (or deepam) combination.  Draw the four lines at the centre so that they intersect as shown.  Expand the arms to get two swastik patterns the second one inclined to  the first.  Draw simple diyas at the end of each arm.  Fill the gaps with simple patterns as shown. Two photos showing stages in the rangoli - above

simple kolam with simple designs                           

The rangoli above is a very colourful rangoli using swastik as the base.  Draw a swastik first and another one overlapping the first one to get eight arms of two swastiks.  Expand along the arms with simple designs on each arm to draw the rangoli.  Colour all the arms brown ( any colour can be used.  The designs at the top of the arms are filled with bright colours like orange, yellow and green.  I have used each colour for opposite arms.  A single colour that matches with brown can also be used to get the final design.  Place some dots along the extended arms.  The design can be stopped here or can be further enhanced by filling the gaps with some motifs and drawing borders around the rangoli.  The options are infinite.  Also the entire background can be filled with a suitable bright colour.  Swastik is regularly used in rangolis.

rangoli-25-e.jpg    Now, for a change a rangoli with only white lines but using the theme swastik.  The swastik design at the centre has two overlapping patterns.  The rangoli grows or expands from this.  The arms of the swastik extend further to form a beautiful pattern at the centre.  The curved lines at the centre between the arms add to the attractiveness of the design.  Floral patterns are drawn around as shown and the entire design is covered with a single line border.  The plain and white rangoli is as attractive as a colourful one.                                

rangoli-25-f.jpgThe rangoli below similar to a plain rangoli drawn earlier.   -  that was with parallel lines. while this design has been drawn with a single line.The rangoli above is a freehand design with swastik as base.  The central swastik is expanded with arms curved outwards to get the design.  The ends of the arms are decorated with motifs that are shaped like a bunch of grapes. Eight arms and eight bunches of fruits (not grapes because the colours added are different) or flowers  filled with suitable colours to get the rangoli in the image.  This is further enhanced with green colour lines drawn parallel to the swastik in white powder.  The entire design is covered with a simple border with white and pink lines along the grapes (or flowers) and the rangoli is complete.

kolam-design-7.jpg In this series of Kolam ( rangoli ) designs all have been colourful ones and so another one  in black and white.  It is quite a simple one expanded from a few intersecting lines.  Of course it will look more attractive with colours and that is in .....    So what is the best kolam design for a festival or occasion.  Kolam means beauty so there is no design than can be termed as the best.  All kolam designs are equally good, one better than the other!     These designs can also be practised or used for the auspicious month of Purattasi as Purattasi kolam.

Paisely motif in rangoli / kolam - theme butterflies              

      Paisley designs are one of the most sought after patterns.  Not surprising that I have used a few so far in Rangoli-sans-dots.  It is called mango design in Tamil as it resembles a mango hanging from a tree. Paisley patterns are used in sarees ,  curtains, jewellery ( mango necklace is quite popular in Tamil Nadu ) and of course rangoli or kolam designs.  It is called mango design in Tamil and Wikipedia says that this got its name from Paisley a place in Scotland where textiles with designs were manufactured. While rangoli or kolam themselves are considered auspicious (rangoli are drawn daily in some parts of India at the entrance to welcome guests, to improve the ambience, colourful rangoli decorate the house on special occasions ) certain patterns that are part of a rangoli are also considered  favourable or bright and paisley designs, mango leaf
lotus are among them.  So this series of rangoli will focus on the use of paisley designs in rangoli ( and not jewellery at least not at present because a post on how to make artificial jewellery is long over due ).

The first rangoli  (free hand design ) is a simple example of how butterflies can be drawn using paisley motifs.  (Please note that when you use rangoli powder with your fingers you can achieve perfection as possible by us humans ).  Draw the eight paisley designs on four sides with a pair of designs forming one set of wings.  Since the thorax is already there formed due to the intersection of the paisley patterns add the head and the antennae.  The area at the centre is filled with colour and some floral patterns (after all butterflies and flowers have a symbiotic relationship ).  Fill the colours of the wings as you wish.  Nature has taken the liberty of giving beautiful and variety of colours to butterflies with so many different patterns on the wings.  So we can also take some liberty and add colours to the butterfly design.  

  The second rangoli  is a simple line rangoli formed by a pair of parallel lines intersecting each other .  Around the lines the leaf-like patterns have been added.  The ones in green with mid-rib and veins are the mango leafs and the ones in yellow are mango motifs ( paisley ) .  Mango leaves are considered to be auspicious in India and it is quite common to see festoons ( called toran ) made from from mango leaves tied to a string hung outside the house for festivals and special occasions like house-warming, baby showers , wedding,                               


Another rangoli or kolam yet another simple design using some paisley motifs and mango leaves.. It is a very basic kolam design.


  1. Awesome ...
    I just love all the freehand designs...especially the second and third with blue/orange/white color combination. And your description adds more value to the people like us visiting your site

    1. Thanks Devi for the appreciation. I love to draw parallel line rangoli. Have you visited my YouTube Channel Rangolisansdots ?

  2. Sudha.. I just had a visit to your channel and they are splendid. A suggestion from my end - You could also add the youTube channel link on this website(just like G+)..

    Keep up doing this Art work.

    1. Thanks Devi. I will do it. It was there earlier. I removed it due to some restrictions

  3. Your Rangoli's are awesome and unique mam.. Such a nice blog.. Good work mam..