Big rangoli or kolam / muggulu ( 19 to 21 dots )




Recenly my elder sister went through Rangoli-sans-dots and said a few nice things about it.  I know she doesn't do it because I am  her sister.  I was elated  because her opinion, if it is not straight from the horse's mouth it is the next thing to it. Of course she also gave some  suggestions on how and where to improve.  I am trying to implement  them . Accordingly, I am also organising some of the posts according to the relevant themes. This post is on big kolam or big rangoli (all with dots).  The designs below are in public domain for at least decades if not for centuries but drawing them is challenging due to the patterns involved and the time taken.  If all the patterns are to be finished with colours it takes a longer time.  Hence it is usual to find these designs during Margazhi season when kolam making is at its peak in Tamil Nadu.

The first kolam above is with dots  pattern 19 by 9 dots,  11 by 1 on either side and  9 to 4 on  either side.The method to draw this through some photos of intermediate designs  is available in birds kolam with dots. Draw the floral patterns at the centre and the outside.  Then add the birds facing each other with fruits in their beaks.  Fill the kolam and the background with colours to get a beautiful and big kolam for the season.  This is also a common design. The birds kolam design and other big kolam are usually popular during Margazhi  season when we see big and colourful kolam designs for Margazhi kolam decorating many streets.

Of all the Indian birds the peacock is the most colourful.  It has been  a source of inspiration for Indians to add a dash of colour where ever possible.  My children tell  me that the birds like birds of paradise, rainbow lorekeet and macaw are also very colourful.  Anyway,  colours  make the world a better place  to  live  in. The world in black and  white is incomprehensible and unthinkable.However the rangoli below are no where close to nature in resplendent  colour!

      The images below show the  intermediate stages of the kolam with four pairs of birds and leaf / petals patterns to give an idea as to how the kolam progresses. As shown in the first photo the floral patterns on the four sides are drawn.  Then as in the second photo the pattern at the centre is drawn.  The remaining dots are used to draw the birds. This big kolam is usually drawn for Margazhi, or Sankranthi

The finished kolam is shown in the image below after applying the colours This rangoli with dots is of the following pattern 19 x 9 dots, then 11 x 1 on either side and finally 9 x 4 on  either side.It takes some time to complete. Colourful birds in nature inspire us to draw colourful rangolis.The background is filled with used rangoli powder. There is a video on my YouTube channel  is a series of photos and shows  how to  go about drawing this  design from the dot pattern to the finished stage. Draw the leaf pattern at the centre using the dot grid as shown in the video.

Then draw all the four pairs of birds holding the fruits one by one.  Finally fill the remaining space with the floral and other motifs .  Add colours to the rangoli design as shown in the image above.  It can be stopped at this stage.  However I have filled the background also with rangoli powder to give an enhanced effect.  This will take some time and we need patience to complete it.  Care should be taken at all stages of filling the rangoli to ensure that there is no overlapping of one colour over the other. This is a relatively big kolam (or rangoli) with dots.

 Sankranthi big muggulu with dots The dot grid or template 21-11.

sankranthi-muggu-1.jpgDraw the claws of the scorpion ( 6 nos) and the pattern in pink.  Then draw the central design and fill the remaining dots as shown in the video.  Add colours as in the image above to get the design.
My mother was born and brought up in  Vizianagaram a town near Vishakapattinam.  She learnt a lot of rangolis from  her mother seven decades back!.  In Andhra Pradesh, Sankranti is an important festival.  My mother says that they call  it Peddha Pandaga  in Telugu.  The above rangoli with dots  is  an important Sankranti muggulus (for my mother ) drawn by my mother,  taught by her mother (confusing isn't it).  She says it is called Mandra Kappa ( Telugu for black scorpion - please correct  me if I am wrong) because a part of the design resembles the claws of a scorpion.  Though the design is simple as we use rhombuses only, it will  take a lot of time (90 minutes approx)  to complete it because it is a relatively big rangoli with dots. Two stages of the rangoli are shown. The the dot pattern is 21 dots to 11 dots (in between dots or idukku pulli).




This design represents the claws of a crab - in fact it appears as if six crabs are there.  This is quite a common kolam design.  Since the dot pattern is 21 to 11 it takes quite some time to complete it.  This pattern with colours  is available in New year rangoli 

However as in the case of the previous rangoli, in this case too, two intermediate steps of this big rangoli is shown in the photos below.  To state the obvious, in the first case the six patterns on the corner and the one at the centre are drawn.  Then the lines are connected around or along these patterns using the dots around to get the stage in the second photo.  The third photo shows the completed design but without colours.

Obviously, the completed rangoli is another common big kolam.  Again to complete it with colours, patience is required.  If the background is also to be filled one will need 15 minutes extra.  The entire kolam design with colours and the background also in colour is below. This is called Manra kappa in Telugu.

The elephant-rangoli designs is  a rangoli with 21 to 1 dots.  The video is on my YouTube channel.  Two intermediate steps are shown below.  The right one with only the elephants and canopied seat (called howdah or ambari ).  The gaps between two elephants is filled with a four petal floral design and the tusk as shown in image at the top. That leaves only the dots at the centre.  I have filled it with a common floral petal design which with colours filled is available in simple floral patterns. ( Simple rangoli designs can be used independently as a rangoli or as a part of a bigger rangoli ).       The first stage shows only the four elephants drawn on four sides with the canopied seat and caparison ( a decorative cloth on the back )  .  In the second stage I have added the tusk(s) and floral patterns between the elephants.




An image showing filling up the elephant kolam with colours.

The elephant kolam design is a popular kolam with dots found in public domain.  It is also a popular kolam in our family.  Just as we have "family song" in our movies, there are some rangolis with dots that have been  popular in our family for decades.  This is one of them..  Another using birds has been shown in an earlier post.  More will follow in the future. The dot pattern for this rangoli is 21 to 1 (ner pulli).  First draw all the elephants one by one.  Then the central floral design is drawn and the remaining dots are filled with floral designs.  Finally the colours are filled and remaining gaps are filled with some colour, brown in this case.  Free hand decorations of the elephant are done to complete the kolam.With 21 dots this can be classified as a big kolam with dots
There are many more rangoli that need between 20 and 25 dots.  Since drawing them by the traditional method is time consuming, I will update this post as and when I add more rangoli designs of this type to my collection.                                              

 kolam or rangoli you may like
 colourful rangoli design,
 flower rangoli designs
 pulli kolam designs 

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